5.4% of Canada’s GDP is invested in education. According to relevant rankings, Canada is the third largest destination country for studying abroad after the United States and the United Kingdom. The Canadian federal government does not have a Ministry of Education, and the education policies are formulated and implemented by the provincial governments themselves. Among them, Ontario first formulated a policy in 1871 to implement free compulsory education throughout the province, and then gradually implemented it throughout the country.
Nowadays, compulsory education in some provinces starts in kindergarten, and in some provinces in the first grade of elementary school. Most provinces force students to stay in school until they are 16 years old, and 3 provinces require that children stay in school until they are 18 years old or until they get a high school diploma.
Children enter the kindergarten at the age of 4 to 5 and stay for one to two years. They learn the alphabet, counting, preschool reading, music, art, and how to get along with children in preparation for elementary school.
The child enters the first grade of elementary school when he is 6 years old, and the first to sixth grades belong to the elementary school. At this stage, a teacher is responsible for teaching 8 compulsory courses for the entire grade. The seventh and eighth grades are middle schools, and there are more elective subjects.
In universities, the average first-year dropout rate is 16%.
The curriculum emphasizes independent thinking
According to the syllabus, among the elective courses, ethics courses are set up to allow children to make decisions, taking into account the influence on others; learning in different languages helps students understand different cultures and worldviews; environmental and outdoor education courses teach children We, when experiencing nature safely and comfortably, we must know how to be responsible for the environment and cherish all living things, including ourselves.
The opening of drama classes can explore children’s interest and expertise in drama, and build children’s confidence through improvisation, physical performance, and line skills training; in music classes, children can be performers of different types of music, Creator or audience; art classes encourage children to use different art forms to express their emotions and opinions.
The ninth to twelfth grade is a high school. In Quebec, students must enter a French school until they graduate from high school, or they can enter a private school and choose English to teach. The quality of teaching in each province is relatively average, and the setting of various courses strives to guide students to adapt to the natural environment and the ever-changing social order, and to improve their ability to think independently in the process of learning knowledge.
Some parents send their children to private schools that provide small classes and more extracurricular activities. There are approximately 2,000 private schools throughout Canada, including pure boys’ or girls’ schools, day schools and boarding schools, and some schools arrange for students to live in off-campus host families. There are private schools that emphasize academics, religious schools (Christianity, Judaism, Islam, etc.), and some that focus on sports or artistic expertise.
Private schools naturally need to be profitable. Except for the four western provinces and Quebec, which have financial allocations for private schools, private schools in other provinces rely entirely on tuition, social donations or donations from alumni. The cost of private schools ranges from 8,000 Canadian dollars a year to 60,000 Canadian dollars a year. Some private schools with older qualifications also provide grants for students. When more than one child in a family comes to school, the school also offers discounts on fees.
The requirements for private schools vary from province to province. Probably because of the government funding, students in private schools in British Columbia must take the provincial unified test, while the Ontario government does not have any requirements for students in private schools. However, private schools that provide high school credit courses need to follow the syllabus of the provincial education department.
Policies encourage naturalization of international students
Canada is an immigrant country, and 1/3 of students come from immigrant families. At present, primary and secondary school students account for 15% of the total population of foreign students in Canada. In 2018, 640,000 international students made 22 billion Canadian dollars in economic contributions to Canada and brought 200,000 job opportunities.
Now every level of the school has language classes to help new immigrants and international students who are temporarily unable to pass the language to transition to the corresponding grade courses.
In 2017, 68% of Canadians aged 25 to 64 had received different forms of education after graduating from high school. The average for the member countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is 44%. But people say that it is the new immigrants that have pulled up the overall education average.
The desire of locals to go to university, especially to a prestigious school, is not as strong as that of immigrants. Most of them just want to live a stable life, enjoy life, and enjoy nature, and do not want to live very hard and tired.
In order to maintain the current level of economic development, Canada needs young immigrants to offset the various negative effects of an over-aging population on society. The latest immigration policy announced that Canada will accept more than one million new immigrants from 2020 to 2022.
Young international students who are educated locally are regarded as potential new immigrants in the future. In terms of foreign student policy, the government intends to accept students from more countries, hoping that students at different stages of study will be involved in a wider range of disciplines and be distributed in different provinces and regions as much as possible.
On the other hand, information and culture from different countries will also broaden the horizons of local students and enable them to acquire new skills.
China, India, and Vietnam are the latest three countries of origin for Canadian students. The University of British Columbia in Vancouver and the University of Toronto in Toronto attract the most international students because of their top international rankings.
The admission rate of Canadian universities is relatively high. The admission rate of the top universities is more than 50%; basically, high school course scores of 85% and IELTS 6.5 are required-if the IELTS does not meet the standard, it can be classified as conditional admission and complete the university. You can start a university course with the language classes offered here.
Language classes in universities are also an important source of income for universities. The cost of a 3-month language preparatory course is about 5000 Canadian dollars. The cost of language classes in prestigious schools is higher.
How hard is it to graduate from university?
Being admitted to a university does not mean that you can graduate. After 4 years of undergraduate study, you need to complete 120 credits of courses. Whether it is a course of 3 or 6 credits, the whole semester will be completed one by one without interruption.
The final score for a course depends on the assignments that are scored each time. The learning method of embracing one’s feet is completely inapplicable. Some courses do not have textbooks, and different professors specify different reading materials. It is impossible to make a fool of yourself.
Many reading materials are obscure, and local students are also incomprehensible. In universities, the average first-year dropout rate is 16%. A better school means more pressure to study, because a good school requires higher scores, not long live passing.
In some majors, there are very few students who can stick to the end. The University of Toronto Forum showed that there were more than 2,000 new students in the first year of life sciences. By the fourth year, there were only a few dozen people left in the classroom.
Under the double attack of volume and difficulty, the ratio of normal students to depressed students in the university is 4 to 1. The school provides free psychological counseling services, which is in short supply. It is not uncommon for a high school student to drop out after entering the university under pressure.
Dao is one foot high and the magic is one foot high. Local Chinese websites often have advertisements for writing various assignments. Unlike liberal arts, science exams are prone to cheating.
During the epidemic, all Canadian universities focused on online courses. Recently, a letter sent to students by a professor of mathematics at the University of British Columbia appeared in the news. The letter stated: “I am very disappointed with more than 100 students who cheated in the midterm Internet exam. This matter is under investigation. If the cheating is true, the door The score is 0, and the school is recommended to expel them.”
Education in Canada focuses on cultivating children’s autonomy and independence, and learning is a personal matter. Teachers can provide selfless help to students who are actively learning, but they will never force children who are tired of learning to learn.
The scores are private in schools of all levels, never announced, only teachers and individuals know. There is no topic essay in the school, so I choose topics based on my own interests. Some teachers in the university even publicly stated: “The tuition you pay yourself, whether to learn or not to learn is your personal choice, and it has nothing to do with me.”