“In general, voice disorders include hoarseness, laborious pronunciation, volume reduction, dryness of the pharynx, change in range, etc. Sometimes the speaker feels that the vocalization is very hard, but the listener feels low voice, which is also an early symptom of a voice disorder. “Recently, Tian Yuan, deputy chief physician of the Department of Otolaryngology of the Jingdong Medical District of the General Hospital of the People’s Liberation Army, said that like height, hair color and body type, the voice is also a sign of the individual and can also reflect the health of the body.
Common factors that cause voice diseases include improper vocalization, abuse of pronunciation, inflammation of the larynx, and systemic reflux laryngitis, abnormal endocrine function, etc. People who frequently use the voice are prone to voice diseases. “The occupational characteristics of patients with voice disorders are relatively clear, and the voice problems of long-term voice groups such as teachers, sales staff, announcers, window service staff, singers, etc. are prominent, manifested as edema of the vocal cords, congestion of the vocal cords, etc. If not treated in time, acute inflammation It may turn into chronic inflammation, and in severe cases it may cause vocal nodules (vocal fold nodules) and vocal cord polyps. However, these are all inflammatory lesions and are benign proliferative lesions.” Tian Yuan said.
Experts say that there are some clinically ill patients who do not use their voices often. “For example, some patients with reflux laryngitis who have not abused vocalization may also be accompanied by voice diseases. There have been literatures at home and abroad that show that reflux esophagitis is related to rhinitis, pharyngitis, and laryngitis.” Tian Yuan added , People who like to smoke, who often drink heavily or yell may also have voice disorders. But the most important patient is still the professional group who often uses voice.
Voice disease must be treated symptomatically. The treatment methods include changing bad vocal habits and some bad habits. “Some patients need to do voice training. In the acute phase, they can be combined with aerosol inhalation and traditional Chinese medicine preparations. For patients with proliferative lesions in the larynx, conservative treatment is not effective enough, and surgery can be performed,” Tian Yuan said.
Experts reminded that we must raise awareness of protecting our voice. “For any disease, prevention is more important than treatment. To prevent it, first of all, we must avoid bad habits, such as abuse of pronunciation, improper use of sound, frequent drinking of espresso, strong tea, frequent staying up late, excessive fatigue, etc. Pay attention to the habit of voice, not big Shouting, drinking more water, eating a light diet, and avoiding dry, polluted, and noisy environments as much as possible.”