Many people have such troubles. The tonsils are always inflamed, and in severe cases, they have fever, and they are tortured. In this regard, some people want to cut off the tonsils and have them completely cut off; but some people say that tonsils are powerful and are immune organs and must not be cut. Is it cut or stay?
Tonsils are the body’s first line of defense
The human pharynx is like an arched door, composed of two arched tissues. One is called the tongue and palatine arch, and the other is called the pharyngeal and palatine arch. They straddle on both sides to form two sockets, and the tonsils are inside. Tonsils are an important immune organ. It is like the front sentry of the human body, performing the body’s first defense and protection mission. Under normal circumstances, tonsil mucous glands continuously secrete, which can expel bacteria along with the shed epithelial cells and maintain the health of the body. But when the body’s resistance is reduced due to excessive fatigue, cold and other reasons, the tonsils will suffer bacterial infection and become inflamed.
After birth, due to the needs of the body’s defense function, tonsils increase rapidly at the age of 3 to 5, and the immune function is relatively active. At the age of 6 to 7, the growth and development of the tonsil reaches its peak, after which its immune function is gradually replaced by other organs, and it begins to shrink gradually, and only a small amount of residual tissue remains after adulthood. Therefore, tonsil inflammation is common in children and adolescents.
Inflammation of the tonsils is not a small problem
The pharynx is the only way to eat and breathe, and it is connected to the outside world, so it is easy to hide germs and foreign bodies, and is attacked by germs, leading to inflammation of the tonsils. In the acute onset, severe sore throat usually radiates to the ears, accompanied by difficulty swallowing, sometimes accompanied by swelling of the mandibular lymph nodes, and the inconvenience of turning the head. People who are susceptible to colds and recurrent acute tonsillitis can develop into Chronic tonsillitis, manifested as dry throat, itchy throat, foreign body sensation, irritating cough, etc. Chronic tonsillitis is often associated with chronic pharyngitis, acute laryngitis, chronic otitis media and other chronic diseases, and can even induce rheumatic nephritis, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic valvular heart disease, endocarditis, myocarditis, acute nephritis and other serious diseases. Therefore, tonsil inflammation is not a minor problem, and it needs to be treated actively.
5 situations, consider removal
Inflammation of the tonsils can be cured within a few days if actively treated. Treatment measures include: 1. Drug treatment, such as antipyretic anti-inflammatory capsules, podilan (pregnant women should be used with caution, children, breastfeeding women, the elderly and infirm should be used under the guidance of a physician), Xinxue capsules, etc.; for bacterial tonsillitis (Blood test for elevated neutrophils), cephalosporin can be used, but it should be noted that the symptoms improve or disappear completely two or three days after taking the medicine, and the medicine should be taken for a few more days, otherwise the bacteria will not be completely killed. With a comeback, drug resistance may also emerge. 2. Gargle method, you can choose to use iodine-containing tablets. The specific usage and dosage are subject to the instructions or follow the doctor’s advice. 3. Ensure adequate drinking water to keep your throat moist; brush your teeth frequently and rinse your mouth after meals to reduce the chance of bacterial infection.
However, if the following 5 conditions exist, surgical resection should be considered.
1. Inflammation more than 3 times a year.
2. The tonsils have not shrunk after the age of 12, excessive hypertrophy hinders swallowing, breathing and pronunciation, leading to sleepiness, snoring and other situations.
3. Tonsillitis as a focus causes diseases of other important organs of the body, such as acute nephritis, myocarditis, etc.;
4. New organisms and diphtheria-carrying tonsils grow on the tonsils.
5. Unilateral tonsil enlargement, most of which are malignant lesions, should be removed.
After removal, it has little effect on the human body
Some people worry about losing immunity after the tonsils are removed. In fact, this is unnecessary worry. As we mentioned earlier, the immune function of the tonsils gradually decreases with age, or even subsides; and people have more than one tonsil, there are several groups of lymphoid tissues under the epithelium around the base of the tongue and pharynx, which are called palate according to their positions. Tonsils, pharyngeal tonsils and lingual tonsils, what we usually call tonsils, are actually palatine tonsils. In addition, recurrent tonsillitis can make tonsils fibrosis. At this time, the tonsils have not only lost their defensive role, but on the contrary, they will cause harm to the human body. In this case, removing the tonsils is more beneficial than harmful. Of course, whether to cut or stay, clinical diagnosis and treatment should still follow the doctor’s words.