The “king” of animals

The snake named “King Snake” is neither an infinitely powerful python nor a highly venomous cobra, but a seemingly ordinary, but surprisingly snake. Take a look at King Snake’s “remarkable data”, and you may understand the reason it is king.

The king’s snake’s prey: it can prey on other snakes that exceed 20% of its body shape. Although the king snake itself is non-venomous, it is immune to the venom of many venomous snakes, so it is the nemesis of many venomous snakes. Sometimes, king snakes can even prey on rattlesnakes that are larger and more venomous.

The physical data of the king snake when strangling its prey: the king snake has the best strangling power among snakes. The average pressure when squeezing the prey is 20 kPa, which is higher than the blood pressure of a normal person (the blood pressure of a normal person is 10-15 kPa) .

Outstanding combat effectiveness is an important reason why the king snake is named the “king”. In addition, according to the different species of king snakes and even the subspecies of its sub-species, the color of the stripes on its body surface is also different, but almost all of them are particularly bright. These bright colors are attached to the scales of the king snake, which looks like “shining scales.” Therefore, when the Austrian zoologist Leopold Fechinger described the genus Kingsnake in 1843, he borrowed the Greek word Lampropeltis, which means “shining shield.” In ancient Greece, the shield was used as an indispensable weapon for soldiers on expeditions.

What’s more interesting is that although the king snake has a strong fighting spirit in predation, it is usually a kind of docile snake and rarely takes the initiative to attack. Moreover, the king snake has low requirements on the living environment and is easy to take care of, so it has become the darling of the pet breeding industry. The milk snake that everyone often hears is a species of the king snake.

Some king snakes, such as the scarlet king snake, have unusually colorful body colors and patterns, which are enough to make people mistake them as venomous snakes (such as coral snakes). Therefore, in some areas, there are a series of rhetoric, such as “red and yellow, murderous; red and black, do not fear”, people can distinguish between venomous snakes (coral snakes) and non-venomous snakes ( King Snake). However, these authentication methods are only applicable to coral snakes in North America.

King Lizard: Win the “Crown” on the head

In fact, the king lizard is not an unofficial species name, its scientific name is “double-crowned lizard” (genus), which belongs to the crown lizard family. At first hearing this name, the first reaction may be “two crowns on the head”, but it is not the case. The “crown” of the double-crowned lizard is a crested sail. The male double-crowned lizard has two side-by-side crested sails on the head, which looks like two crowns. In addition, there are crested sails on the back and tail, while the female only has the crested sail on the head, and it is monolithic.

Whether it is a male or a female, the “crown” on its head is easily reminiscent of a crown. The official Latin name of the double-crowned lizard is Basiliscus, which has an interesting legend. Basiliscus is taken from the reptile of ancient European legend-Basiliscus (also known as the king, the little king). Legend has it that this is a half-snake and half-chicken creature, born from a snake egg hatched by a rooster, and its physical characteristics are very similar to the double-crested lizard.

Interestingly, the double-crowned lizard has a more exotic alias-Jesus lizard. What does Jesus have to do with this reptile? It turns out that the double-crowned lizard can move quickly on the water for a short distance with the cooperation of its feet and tail, which is the famous “water float” kung fu, and the Bible describes that Jesus has the ability to walk on water. The lizard was able to establish contact with Jesus. In fact, there are not many animals that have this ability in nature. The water striders that we often see in summer have this ability.

Wang Die: Because of the color is called domineering

The official species name of the monarch butterfly is the monarch butterfly, also known as the monarch butterfly and the birch butterfly. A species can be named a monarch, we first consider: Is it the largest? It’s really not. The wingspan width of the adult monarch butterfly varies from 8 to 10 cm, and the larger one can reach 10.2 cm. Compared with the smallest butterfly in the world, the brown small butterfly (wing span 16 mm), the monarch butterfly is much larger , But not the largest. The bird-wing swallowtail butterfly discovered in 1907 has a wingspan of 16 to 31 centimeters, and its body size far exceeds that of the monarch butterfly. Therefore, no matter how you look at it, the monarch butterfly will not get its name because of its size.

The British writer Rick Mikula combined the biological characteristics of the monarch butterfly and the historical background of the time, and believed that the monarch butterfly was named to commemorate the famous politician in the 18th century. Oran, who was the ruler of the Netherlands and the king of the United Kingdom Rule the prince. The wings of the adult monarch butterfly are yellowish-brown-orange, distributed in North America. When the early settlers from England and the Netherlands saw this butterfly, they thought of the common symbol of the two countries-Prince of Orange, whose name also has orange meaning. As a result, this butterfly is called the domineering monarch butterfly because of its lucky color-orange.

King Penguin: Seize the name of the “King”

Humans did not have a preliminary understanding of penguins until the period of great geographical discovery. In the early 18th century, explorers discovered some large penguins on islands near the Antarctic waters. Adult large penguins are as tall as 90 cm. In 1773, when the German naturalist John Reinhold Foster was sailing with the captain James Cook, he discovered some larger penguins, which reached 122 cm in height. However, the group did not feel any difference between these larger penguins and the large penguins discovered at the beginning of the century. In 1778, the British nature illustrator John Frederick Miller described the great penguin discovered at the beginning of the century and named it the king penguin.

Subsequently, things reversed again. In 1844, the British zoologist George Robert Gray compared the large penguin discovered for the first time with the large penguin discovered for the second time, and believed that the two types were not exactly the same species. The ears of the large penguin found for the first time are bright orange, with dark black feathers covering the head, chin, throat, back, dorsal flippers and tail. The large penguin found for the second time had bright yellow ears, blue-gray upper body, and gradually turned black head. Most importantly, the big penguin found for the first time is smaller than the big penguin found for the second time.

Thus, Gray distinguished the two large penguins found. The large penguin discovered for the first time continued to occupy the name of King Penguin. In order to reflect the larger penguin found for the second time, it was named Emperor Penguin. This is what we know as “King Penguin” and “Emperor Penguin”, they are both classified as King Penguin.