Sterilizable with spirits

As the epidemic continues to spread, Japan not only has a tight supply of masks, but also has a serious shortage of alcohol disinfectant. Japan ’s NHK TV website reported on the 13th that the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare decided that as a special case, it will allow the use of hard liquor as a substitute for disinfectant, and has issued a notice to the national medical institutions regarding this special permission. The concentration of alcohol that can be used as a disinfectant must be between 70% and 83%, because if it exceeds this range, the sterilization effect will be weakened.

The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan also emphasized that this is a special measure taken in response to the lack of disinfectant in medical institutions, and ordinary families should continue to wash their hands carefully to prevent infection. It is reported that there are many wines that meet the above requirements, and the most representative one is Russian vodka. At present, many wineries are preparing to produce products that can be used as disinfectants.

Mr. Zhang, 75, has been suffering from diabetes for 10 years. He coughed a while ago and had blood in his sputum. After examination in the hospital, he actually suffered from tuberculosis. The doctor said it was mainly caused by poor blood sugar control.

Diabetes is 4 to 8 times more likely to develop tuberculosis than the general population. Unlike simple tuberculosis, 10% to 20% of patients have no respiratory symptoms when diabetes is combined with tuberculosis, and about 80% of patients have a more acute onset, and the lungs have a wide range of lesions, many cases of cheese-like lesions, many holes, and bacteria The amount is large and the treatment is relatively difficult. If the diagnosis is confirmed, it must be treated in a specialized hospital.

Such patients must first control their blood sugar to treat tuberculosis. In addition, care should be taken to avoid the interaction of anti-tuberculosis drugs and hypoglycemic drugs. For example, the combination of sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agents such as tolbutamide and the anti-tuberculosis drugs isoniazid and rifampicin can cause patients to be comatose. Therefore, streptomycin and sodium parasalicylate should be used to treat tuberculosis. If isoniazid and rifampicin are used for anti-tuberculosis treatment, insulin should be the main drug for diabetes.

The number of imported cases from Russia has surged recently. At least 409 imported cases have been confirmed so far, making China the largest place to import foreign cases in one fell swoop. Except for the Suifenhe, a small town in the border region, which was “fallen” by returning to China on the Russian land road, since the beginning of April, there has been a high rate of passenger infection on every flight from Russia to China, reflecting that Russia ’s current epidemic is clearly accelerating.

Russia is the latest Yin Jian who has failed to prevent the epidemic situation abroad. When the epidemic engulfed Europe on a large scale more than a month ago, Russia once gave the impression that it successfully blocked the epidemic from outside the country.On March 2, it diagnosed the first local case. America is much later. It also imposed very strict restrictions on the entry of Chinese people, but ultimately failed.

According to analysis by Russian experts, hundreds of thousands of Russian citizens returned to Russia from Italy, France, Spain, the United Kingdom and other European countries in late March, and the majority of people who ended in Moscow or transited through Moscow led to Moscow becoming the largest Russian epidemic Outbreak. Europe is one of the hub regions of the world, and Russia’s main regions are all in Europe. Their difficulty in preventing Western Europe is much higher than their previous difficulty in preventing China.

The spread of the virus knows no borders and races, and its invasion can be described as unpreventable. The Chinese watched Russia change from “the best-prevented country” into a new epidemic outbreak point. This is to give us foreign defense input and avoid the second epidemic. Severe alarm bell ringing in the outbreak. It is perhaps more important to understand the significance of this point than to cope with the large number of cases of Chinese people entering Russia from Russia. Anti-epidemic is a protracted battle, and we cannot lose every battle ahead.

A sudden influx of infected people from Russia, Heilongjiang and the provinces that accepted the returnees faced a concentrated test. However, I believe that the impact of this epidemic can be dealt with in various places, and the state’s support is quickly mobilized. The problem with Russia ’s direction is to avoid a large-scale panic of local Chinese returning home, which will increase the risk of those compatriots themselves, and will increase the difficulty of the country ’s response.

There are not as many Chinese people in Russia as 1.5 million online legends. According to Heilongjiang scholar Qi Zhigang’s estimate, this number may reach more than 100,000. Some of them are worried that Russia ’s prevention and control system is weak, and the medical system may be overwhelmed. Plus, they all know that domestic prevention and control are well done and medical care is guaranteed, so their willingness to return to China has increased.

It is still necessary to encourage Chinese people in Russia to avoid epidemic in situ. The most effective way to prevent infection is to implement the strictest self-isolation on the spot, the risk of long-distance travel is very great. The flight from Moscow to Shanghai on the 10th carried 204 people and 60 people have been diagnosed so far. This is the flight with the most confirmed cases detected since the global outbreak. It is unclear how many of them were infected on the road, but this ratio is probably not low.

Suifenhe land returnees also had a very high infection rate, which also sounded the alarm for the Chinese people in Russia. Since the current actual infection rate in Russia is likely to be very high, every aircraft flying to China poses a great risk to healthy passengers. Less than a last resort, Chinese people in Russia should choose not to take this risk and shut themselves down. It should be the safest in the room for a while.

China and Russia are all-round strategic cooperation partners in the new era. The two countries should have sufficient political will and resources to coordinate China’s support for the anti-epidemic and to appease and help the Chinese in Russia. China and Russia need to help each other, be considerate of each other, and jointly defeat a vicious enemy such as the New Crown Virus, which is precisely what we should build on the issue of building a high-level strategic relationship between China and Russia.