“Enzyme” is a hot word commonly seen in people’s daily life. It is said that there are also effects of weight loss, beauty, detoxification and skin care. Is it really amazing?
What is an enzyme?
The essence of the enzyme is the enzyme. In terms of chemical structure, an enzyme is a protein. Unlike general proteins, enzymes are catalytically active macromolecules produced in organisms. The most basic unit of protein decomposition is amino acids, so the enzyme is a special biologically active substance composed of amino acids. Enzymes are an indispensable substance in the human body. They need to function in metabolism, energy intake, growth and reproduction.
The enzyme is a food obtained by fermenting lactic acid bacteria or yeast with plants such as wheat, rice germ, and soybean as raw materials. The reason why edible enzymes are good for health is mainly because they contain a series of active ingredients such as flavonoids, plant pigments and superoxide dismutase (SOD), which can eliminate the harmful oxygen which is harmful to health in the body, so that the human body maintains relatively healthy. status.
What is the role of enzymes?
Enzymes can promote the digestion of food and accelerate the absorption of nutrients. Enzymes digest and absorb the nutrients in the foods that are ingested into energy. The starch in the rice is broken down by the amylase in the saliva, and you will feel that the rice is getting sweeter and more delicious. In addition, there are many digestive enzymes in the stomach that help digestion and absorption of nutrients. They can convert food into water-soluble substances. For example, sugars are broken down into monosaccharides, proteins are broken down into amino acids, and fats are broken down into fatty acids.
Enzymes have a metabolic effect, excreting carbon dioxide, waste and human metabolic waste left in local tissues and organs. The enzyme contains soluble dietary fiber and various enzymes that are beneficial to metabolism, which can promote intestinal peristalsis and decompose greasy substances.
Self-brewed enzymes are at risk
Enzyme products are found everywhere in big shopping malls, and even many people make their own enzymes. Is it feasible? In fact, self-brewed enzymes are very risky, and everyone must pay attention.
Generally speaking, the microbial composition of vegetables and fruits is diverse, and yeasts and lactic acid bacteria are required for fermentation, and other microorganisms such as pathogenic bacteria may be involved. If the quality of hygiene is not strictly controlled during the production process, the enzyme will cause other pathogenic bacteria to cause adverse effects on the body. The presence of patulin, a genotoxic compound, in apples, grapefruit, lemons, etc., has been shown to be carcinogenic and teratogenic. If you don’t pay attention during the fermentation process, it may be in the self-brewed enzyme. In addition, the fruit contains a large amount of pectin, which is converted into methanol after microbial fermentation, and methanol is very harmful to the human body.
According to statistics, hospitals across the country often have acute gastroenteritis due to the consumption of self-made enzyme foods. Does the self-brewed enzyme have any health care function? Is there a weight loss feature? Scientists say that there is almost nothing. Because the enzymes require a lot of sugar, the enzyme drink has a high sugar content. After drinking, it may not only lose weight, but also gain weight. Remind diabetics to reduce the intake of homemade enzymes to avoid excessive sugar intake.
In addition, homemade enzymes are often accompanied by problems such as long hair, mildew, and strong alcohol. Be sure to keep the raw materials fresh and safe, and do anti-pollution work during the production process, otherwise it may cause gastrointestinal problems.
Choice of food for daily life
There are many foods with enzymes in daily life, such as fermented foods: cheese, yogurt, soy sauce, vinegar, glutinous rice, taro, natto, bean curd, etc.; vegetables, fruits: apples, bananas, pineapples, plums, lemons, tomatoes, Lotus root, cucumber, carrot, celery, papaya, sweet potato, etc.; grains: rice, wheat, glutinous rice, red beans, corn, etc. These are natural and healthy ingredients for everyone to choose from.