In the way of the other, but also the body: the battle of Castalon by the Roman star Scipio

Since the Second Punic War was launched, Hannibal, the head of the Carthage army, spent 9 years making all Romans unhappy. But in this full-scale conflict planned by him, the tenacity of the Republic surprised everyone. So Rome quickly gave birth to their god of war, Scipio, who used the classic tricks Hannibal had used to completely disintegrate their opponents.

Sow discord
Just like Hannibal’s constant instigation of the alliance against Rome in southern Italy, Scipio has set the core strategy for the defection of the local tribes since he landed in Spain. This young general is indeed talented in psychological warfare. On the one hand, he constantly shows off his military strength, but at the same time he does not forget to provoke regional conflicts in the opponent’s camp.

For the former, Scipio has achieved his goal by quickly capturing the new city of Carthage, while the latter’s focus is on the families of tribal chiefs found in the city by his subordinates. Through keen observation, he immediately understood the hostage attributes of these distinguished guests, and he also saw that the other party was often abused by the Carthage authorities. Therefore, it is concluded that the tribe behind these people must be quite critical of the North African hegemony, but it is only due to the strength of the Hannibal family that they dare not attack. But the glorious victory of the Romans is right in front of them, and what is lacking is just an excellent model who takes the lead in making choices.

So Scipio ordered the release of some of the male hostages and told them to go to their tribe to promote preferential treatment. But he also deliberately detained his wife and children, and waited for the Spanish chiefs to negotiate with him. As a result, the chief of the Edtani tribe, Edek, missed his wife and children and resented the tyranny of Carthage, and quickly rushed to the city where the Roman army was stationed with his relatives and friends. He met Scipio as he wished there, and after paying tribute to the Roman commander, he readily agreed to the following simple conditions: As long as the Romans were willing to release the chiefs’ wives and children, the tribe was willing to join the alliance against Carthage.

The Romans certainly had some concerns about the surrenders, but considering the reason for the betrayal of the other side and the role of an example, they still let people quickly implement the relevant promises. This Edek indeed had a certain influence in Spain, and he immediately became the best example of the neighboring tribe. These tribes sent representatives to conclude an alliance with Scipio, and it quickly spread to the mountainous area north of the Ebro River. Even the most powerful leaders, Andobeles and Mandoñas, followed the development of the situation. They had led the army to respond to the call-up and joined the Carthage army of Hasdruba. After that, he left the original camp at night and rushed to a nearby high ground to guard.

Scipio used the release of hostages as a means to win the closeness of indigenous tribes as much as possible

Castalon
The rebellion of these Spanish tribes dealt a heavy blow to the Bakka family and even the entire Carthage. For centuries, their army has been inseparable from the mercenaries produced in this mountainous area, and now they need the resources of the entire peninsula to carry Rome hard. Especially after the fall of New Carthage, Hannibal’s brother Hasdruba still wanted to recruit troops from the indigenous territory. Now they can only pacify those cities that are still inactive, and let the generals go to Lesa with mercenaries to quell the rebellion.

But after losing most of their resources, the Carthaginians who depended on mercenaries for war became much weaker. Especially when the fortified Roman legion is still active in the surrounding area, the young marshals of the Bakar family dare not fight against the natives. In desperation, Hasdruba could only choose to stop recruiting and turn south with the remaining troops. He hopes to rush to the silver mine near the city of Becula and search for money as much as possible, so that he can continue to fight with Scipio. He even prepared for the worst and fled to Italy with a huge sum of money to defect to his brother.

At this time, Scipio also began further operations. In order to alleviate the logistical pressure, he took the risk to disband the navy fleet and only incorporated the elite marines into the army. Then from the winter camp to the west, all the way to accept the welcome of the surrendered natives and the meeting arranged by Andobeles. After friendly talks, the two sides formally concluded an agreement. Scipio immediately released his daughter and let the Spanish soldiers led by the other party join the Roman barracks. This made the Roman-Italian Legion, which had only 20,000 men, doubled its strength in an instant. More accurate information has also begun to be provided by the Spanish natives, so that Scipio can often know the traces of Hasdruba, and can safely lead all the troops to launch a pursuit.

However, Hasdruba relied on his family’s many years of operation and still retained a considerable part of the indigenous intelligence network. So when Scipio’s Roman army approached, he didn’t panic because he learned about it in advance. Because there is a plain called Castalon near Becula, it can not only fully deploy his army, but also protect his weak side through the surrounding rivers and ridges. As long as he takes the lead in occupying the high ground on the right, he can use his condescending advantage to face the pursuers. So, the Carthaginians arranged their camp on this plain. At the same time, Hasdruba imitated his brother’s fighting style and arranged for a raid force to hide on the right-wing hill, preparing to launch a fatal raid when the Romans attacked.

In the way of others, return to the body
After Scipio’s army arrived, he soon realized that he was in a disadvantageous situation. Although the plains in front of you can open up a dignified formation, the highlands on the flanks are likely to hide threats. Even if the opponent does not move, the higher outposts can clearly see their deployment. But if you choose to avoid the war passively, the reinforcements of the other two Carthage generals are likely to come soon and form a greater encirclement situation. So we can only proceed cautiously and try to deal with Hannibal’s double-teaming strategy.

On this day, Hasdruba was in the army waiting for the Romans to leave the camp, and suddenly heard that the outpost on the mountain was attacked. But he had just stepped out of the camp to prepare for the battle, and was puzzled to find that the main force in the Roman barracks did not move. So based on a cautious attitude, I chose to wait and see the changes for the time being, believing that the strength on the ridge is sufficient to deal with the harassment of small groups of troops. But the facts quickly proved that his judgment was grossly wrong. It turned out that the assault team sent by Scipio consisted of light infantry and elite Italian Allied forces. With excellent quality, it could quickly climb the slope, and then launch an assault without fear of death. The unprepared Carthaginians were beaten back and forth, and suffered heavy losses because they did not receive any reinforcements.

The Carthage army, which is not as good as before, is still looking south for fighters

Before the deployment of the Carthage army was completed, it was hit head-on by Rome.

Seeing that his well-arranged formation was about to be destroyed, Hasdruba could no longer settle in the big camp, and immediately mobilized the main force to expand along the ridge. He hopes to quickly preserve this vital highland. However, Scipio also pulled the ready-to-go army out of the camp when he saw it, and dispatched lightly armed troops to pounce on the opponent at the first time. Although the javelins and arrows projected by them could not directly defeat the Carthage heavy infantry, they seriously hindered the opponent’s rapid formation of combat formation. The young Roman coach himself also changed his formation at the same time, leading half of the heavily loaded troops to the left, preparing to join the forward on the ridge and launch a heavy blow to the right flank of the Carthaginians. Lieutenant Leilius led the remaining heavy troops to move to the right, forming a two-winged attack with his soldiers again.

The Carthage army had been dispatched in a hurry, and it was never expected that the Roman deployment could be so bold. So in the light infantry harassment and huge surprise, he moved slowly, and was unable to reach the planned position for a long time. When the offensive of the Roman legion rushed forward, some people had not even had time to get out of the camp, and there was no way to start any battle formation. The victorious Libra quickly fell to Rome’s side, allowing them to defeat their opponents with a terrifying instantaneous explosive force. The chaos on the two wings also affected more North African soldiers caught between them, leaving the fragile flanks completely exposed in front of the legion. The latter continues to charge frantically, oppressing those enemies who are trying to resist and giving up hope. Fortunately, the collapse of the Carthaginian army was so fast that Scipio’s original encirclement was too late to complete, and many Carthaginians were able to escape.

Seeing that his general situation is gone, Hasdruba ran wildly and began to implement the worst plan. Along the way, he enlisted the remnants of the group to regroup, then retreated along the Tagus Valley, and then turned north into the Pyrenees. Then, following the route Hannibal had taken, he rushed to Gaul without looking back, hoping to go to Italy to meet his brother.

Scipio believes that managing Spain is the first priority, and only sends a part of the army to follow and follow, and then stays to consolidate the results. For example, if you control a local silver mine, you of course also live in the military camp left by the other side. In order to increase friendship with the natives, he also ordered the unconditional release of all Spanish prisoners of war. He also asked the natives who called him the king to change his name to General Triumph to avoid envy of his colleagues because of his high reputation. Hasdruba’s strategy of turning thousands of miles just left him enough room to play. But because the winter was approaching, he had to lead his army to Taraco for a rest.

Hannibal, who is still fighting hard in Italy at this moment, would not have thought that his skillful operation of blitzing the hinterland, mobilizing allies in psychological warfare, and beating the flanks would be mastered by an unremarkable young Roman man. The younger brother, who arranged to operate in the family territory, easily chose to give up after encountering setbacks. But history itself is full of joking accidents, and the Second Punic War will surely usher in the final stage of a complete reversal.