As of 2019, 15,143 people have climbed Mount Everest globally, and 5,140 people (excluding guides) have successfully reached the summit. More and more people have left footprints on Mount Everest.
The difficulty of human climbing a peak does not depend entirely on its altitude. Whether it is the selection of the foreign Golden Ice Pick Award or the domestic Chinese Outdoor Golden Rhino Award, these top outdoor industry awards will not simply rely on the height to judge the difficulty of climbing when selecting the climbing awards. In addition to the height, the geological structure of the mountain peak, the climatic conditions of the mountain area, and the route chosen by humans, etc., all influence the possibility of successfully reaching the summit.
Therefore, some peaks are lower than Mount Everest, but they are still unsuitable for human climbing, or so far there are few people interested.
Ruthless “An Feng” and “Qiao Feng”
Today, the mountaineering industry judges whether the peak is “unpopular” or “hot”, the most important thing is the difficulty and danger of climbing itself. Difficult to climb, coupled with a high mortality rate, naturally fewer people challenge.
Of the ten highest mountain peaks in the world, two are undoubtedly worthy of “cold” peaks. One of them is Annapurna. This peak is located in Nepal in the middle of the Himalayas at an altitude of 8093 meters. “Annapurna” means “food supplier” or “harvest god” in the local language.
Although viewed from an altitude, Annapurna can only be ranked tenth in the world’s top ten peaks, but it is definitely among the best in terms of difficulty in climbing. So far, almost 1 person has died in the mountains every 3 people reached the summit. In mid-October 2014, a sudden blizzard caused at least 43 deaths and 175 injuries, making it one of the worst walking accidents in Nepal on record. The heavy snow immediately induced a continuous avalanche. At a camp on the west side of the mountain, five climbers and tents were buried under snow.
Frequent and sudden avalanches are also one of the most prominent and deadly features of Annapurna; most of the mountaineering accidents here are caused by this. In addition, Annapurna is remote and the road is difficult and complicated, making the back-up support and accident rescue not as convenient as Everest and other peaks. This also exacerbates the danger factor of climbing.
Of course, despite all the difficulties and dangers that often make it “out of the way” for climbers, it is not that no one succeeded in reaching the summit. You know, it is still the first peak on the earth that is more than 8000 meters high. But this summit came from an accident: In 1950, the French mountaineering team encountered obstacles while exploring Dhaulagiri, and turned to Annapurna, not far from it.
On June 3 of that year, Morris Herzog and Louis Rushner of the French mountaineering team reached the top of Annapurna for the first time. According to Morris’ later memories, the leather boots they wore were not thick. On the way, as a guide, Louis found that his feet had gradually frozen to numbness, and asked Morris if he wanted to continue. Unexpectedly, Morris’s answer was: If you decide to withdraw, I will move on alone. In the end, the two joined hands to reach the top.
Annapurna looked after them and left them with an eternal mark-the two had lost all their toes, and Morris had lost his gloves and all his fingers because of the glove when he descended.
Over the next 20 years, many climbers challenged Annapurna, but no one succeeded. Lasting blizzards and avalanches have become huge ravines that lie on the way of mankind to the summit. Until 1970, 36-year-old Chris Burlington led the British mountaineering team and climbed to the top of the South Wall route for the first time.
In 2013, Uli Stark, known as the “Swiss Machine” alone, completed the climb to Annapurna in 28 hours and became the first person in the history of conquering Anfeng alone. Before leaving, Wuli once wrote on his blog: “It is not my goal to spend my life in peace. I want to make all my dreams a reality, and climbing Annapurna is one of them.”
Among the top ten peaks, in addition to An Feng, the unpopular had to mention “Qiao Feng”-Chogori Peak. “Georgi”, Tajik means “tall and majestic”. Chogori Peak is 8611 meters above sea level. It is the main peak of the Karakorum Mountains and the second highest peak in the world. It is often called “K2” abroad. Chogori Peak is located in the middle of Karakorum Mountain, the border between China and Pakistan.
Although the altitude is lower than that of Mount Everest, the climbing difficulty of Chogori is much higher than that of Mount Everest, and the climbing mortality rate has been twice that of Mount Everest. Due to the perennial weather and the high mortality rate of human climbing, it is also called “barbaric giant peak”, and the number of climbers is far less than Everest.
On July 31, 1954, the Italian explorers Noresdri and Aciri Copacononi took the lead. On July 31, 2012, Chinese climber Yang Chunfeng once led an international mountaineering team to successfully climb the Chogori Peak. However, in the course of the retreat that year, Chinese team member Zhang Jingchuan and three Sherpas in the same group collided at 8,500 meters. Fortunately, two ice cracks blocked the falling speed, and 4 people actually survived. It can be said that all who can survive the collective fall are rare in the history of mountain climbing in the world.
Popular peaks that are relatively friendly to tourists
There are peaks of “unpopularity”, and of course there are hot spots. If a peak is considered “hot”, it is not only famous enough, but also relatively difficult to climb. This means that, in addition to professional climbers, there are also many mountaineering hobbyists who can venture into these peaks.
Siguniang Mountain, located in Sichuan Province, China, has not appeared in the eyes of climbers around the world for many years compared with Mount Everest or Qiao Gori, but due to its relatively convenient geographical location, Siguniang Mountain is now the preferred climbing target in the western Sichuan mountainous area .
Since 1980, mountaineers from the United States, Japan and Italy have successively climbed the various peaks of Mount Siguniang from different routes. After entering the 21st century, with the growth of Chinese climbers and the development of mountain tourism in Siguniangshan, the footprints of Chinese and foreign climbers are getting wider and wider and distributed to more peaks, and the number of climbers is increasing. Among them, even the most dazzling and difficult to climb Yaomei Peak (6240 meters), has so far been developed nearly 10 climbing routes.
“Kilimanjaro is a high-altitude snow-covered mountain at an altitude of 19,710 feet. It is said to be the highest mountain in Africa. The western peak is called the Masai’s “Eachi-Eai,” The temple of God.” Hemingway’s description of the highest peak in Africa in his novel “The Snow of Kilimanjaro” makes it quite mysterious. In fact, with more and more tourists and climbers visiting, now Kilimanjaro and Siguniangshan are no longer mysterious. It is not only the highest peak in Africa, but also the highest independent mountain in the world. The mountain is towering and steep, rising from 900 meters above sea level to 5895 meters, which is known as the “African Roof”.
Although the altitude of nearly 6000 meters is not low, it is favored by climbers. Especially in recent years, due to global warming, the snow on the top of Kilimanjaro has melted and glaciers have disappeared more and more seriously. Over the past 80 years, its mountain glaciers have shrunk by more than 80%. This climatic factor objectively makes it more popular. Today, climbing Kilimanjaro has become a punch card for many tourists visiting the African continent.