I believe that many parents have noticed a phenomenon. From primary school to junior high school and even high school, there are very few students who have a bottom in learning. In class management, there are more female class committees; psychologically, girls are more mature… girls than Boys seem to have an advantage at school. “As far as the overall situation of the education sector is concerned, it is normal for students to be strong and weak.” Shao Zhifang, an associate professor at the School of Psychology and Cognition Science at East China Normal University, said.
“Zhuangyuanhua” replaced “Zhuangyuanlang”: The boy is “full” behind, have you noticed?
It is generally believed that after junior high school, boys can often catch up with even surpassing girls. However, in recent years, the proportion of female students who have become college students through college entrance examinations has continued to rise: the number of female students studying for various degrees in colleges and universities is 51.65% for female masters and 52.12% for female undergraduates. But at the basic education level, the total number of girls is less than that of boys. The proportion of girls in high school is 49.98%, and the proportion of junior high school students and primary school students is no more than 47%.
At the same time, the trend of the transition from “Zhuangyuanlang” to “Zhongyuanhua” has also emerged in recent years. Between 1999 and 2008, the proportion of male students in the college entrance examination dropped from 66.2% to 39.7%. Among them, the proportion of male students in liberal arts graduates dropped from 47.1% to 17.9%, and the proportion of male students in science champions fell from 86.1% to 60.0%. According to data from the Ai Rui Shen China Alumni Association Network, in the past 10 years, the female champion has risen to 53.41%, and the male champion has 46.59%. The academic advantages of girls continue to expand and extend. In most disciplines and at all levels of education, the academic performance of girls has caught up with or surpassed boys.
The quality of an education system depends on whether it is conducive to the development of children’s personality and maximizes the life potential of boys and girls. It is an indisputable fact that boys and girls are different. But in our education, we often ignore the differences between boys and girls.
Why are boys gradually falling behind? 4 reasons lead to deep thinking
Reason 1 The university is no longer “only for boys”
After 00, this generation is mostly an only child. Boys and girls are treasures. Parents will also create conditions for girls to go to college. This will develop intellectual resources for half of the population and will greatly improve the quality of family education. Moreover, the phenomenon of male and female strong has also appeared in other developed countries. For example, the gap between male and female students in the United States began to shrink from 1947. By 1979, the proportion of female students enrolled in colleges exceeded that of male students and continued to expand. There is a significant drop in the proportion of girls and boys admitted to Canadian colleges and universities, and girls are 15 percentage points higher than boys.
Reason 2 Girls’ performance is more stable than boys
There is a difference in cognitive ability between boys and girls. “Under the exam-oriented education, men are more and more poor, and women are getting more and more eugenics.” Li Wendao, an associate professor at the School of Education at Capital Normal University, said. Boys have large individual differences, good and poor, and girls are generally stable, with very few or very poor numbers. Taking Shanghai as an example, the admission rate of the Shanghai college entrance examination has reached 890%. There are more boys among the students with poor grades, and more are eliminated. Therefore, girls generally dominate. This phenomenon is also reflected in the process of admission to the senior high school entrance examination. Therefore, when the admission rate changes, the boys are at a disadvantage.
Reason 3 The college entrance examination reform is beneficial to girls
The new college entrance examination is commonly known as “3+1+2”. The three main subjects of language, mathematics and English in the college entrance examination account each account for 150 points, which account for a large proportion of the total scores. The three Chinese language and English are the language subjects, which are objectively beneficial to girls. The study found that girls have a learning advantage over boys in both Chinese and English subjects: a large amount of reading and memorization makes girls perform better in the language English class. In mathematics, men and women are equal, and the mathematics advantages of boys are gradually disappearing.
In general, boys’ spatial imagination, abstract generalization, and innovative consciousness are superior to girls, while girls are better than boys in data processing, computational solution, and application awareness. The advantages of girls are reflected in speech, perception and computing skills. The advantages of boys are reflected in science, mechanical reasoning and spatial ability.
Reason 4 girls are more suitable for exam-oriented education
At present, the education mode with the class-based teaching system as the main mode prohibits children from tens of square meters of space and concentrates on listening as the main learning method. As a male character who uses “running” as a gender feature and is accustomed to learning in practice, there will be an instinctive resistance.
According to relevant research, girls are better than boys in language, memorization, expression, and computing. The current examination system is mainly about language, memorization, expression and calculation. Men have the advantages of superior imagination, innovation consciousness, experimental operation, etc., but it is difficult to investigate for various reasons.
Save the boy: 4 ways to solve the “boy crisis”
Method 1: Change the evaluation mode for boys
Traditional exam-oriented education often puts “rules” and “obedient” in the first place. The boy is active, curious, and over time, he misses the best stage of nature stretching and personality development. In the new curriculum reform situation, we should take care of the child’s nature, implement a diversified and personalized education evaluation, and allow children to publicize their personality and vitality. It is necessary to let the diversified and personalized education evaluation be implemented, establish a management method for boys, allow them to “make a mess”, allow them to publicize their personality and vitality, have more opportunities for transformation and outbreak, and have more patience and expectation. You should not only stare at the shortcomings of the boy, but also his merits; communicate with him and try to encourage him with the students and the teacher.
Method 2: Guide the boy to learn self-discipline
Test-oriented education emphasizes discipline obedience and knowledge indoctrination, and this kind of law can sometimes be counterproductive and even lead to the child’s rebellion. A better approach is to take the appropriate approach to guide your child’s ability to improve self-discipline.
Parents and teachers first need to lead by example and set a good demonstration for their children. And give the child positive incentives, give him praise and reward when the child is doing well, encourage the child to stick to the good quality, and guide the boys to form a good self-discipline quality.
Method 3: Give the boy a positive evaluation
The feminization of the teaching team may inadvertently create opportunities that are more conducive to the girl’s praise, thus depriving the boy of the positive impact of early approval, making it a hidden factor in the phenomenon of “female strong men and weak” in the college entrance examination results. .
For the study of the differences in the performance of boys and girls, it may be useful to find the reasons from the starting point of education. Parents should actively praise the boy and not deprive the boy of the positive impact of early approval. With the right encouragement, guide the boy to develop in a better direction.
Method 4: Accept the “growth period” of boys
Exam education ignores the fact that boys’ early development lags behind girls. Studies have confirmed that in the primary school of children, boys’ physical development and psychological development lag behind girls.
Studies have shown that the 3.5-year-old girl’s brain language area is equivalent to the level of a 5-year-old boy. British scholar Jeff Harman provided a quantitative conclusion on the boy’s psychological backwardness: at the age of 11, the boys’ oral, literacy and numeracy development levels were 11, 12 and 6 months later than girls.
Therefore, parents should accept the phenomenon that men build longer and longer, and actively help boys transition into a long-term and push their children to a better life.