Former Indian spacecraft expert

Dr. Miswamy Anna Durayi in front of the “Moon Ship One” detector

“I have to clean up the cow dung before class, but the smell of cow dung left on us is always gone.”

Dr. Miswamy Anaturai’s elementary school experience was a hundred thousand miles away from the cutting-edge work he later worked on.

He is India’s top aerospace expert and a heavyweight in the Indian lunar exploration project and Mars engineering.

However, the class that such an expert recalls is in a place where there is no desk at all: under the tree, in the village temple, or in a slightly modified cowshed.

What does Dr. Anna Durayi become a cutting-edge scientist in the Indian aerospace industry?

Juvenile dream
Dr. Anna Duray was born in a remote rural area of ​​India and grew up barefoot. When he was eight years old, the small village where he lived finally got electricity. The outside world is changing with each passing day.

In the 1960s, almost at the same time, the United States and the Soviet Union began a space race.

India soon began to join the ranks of the international development of the aerospace industry, and on November 21, 1963, the first rocket was launched. However, such technological innovation has not had any impact on the lives of ordinary people.

At that time, Anna Durai lived in Tamil Nadu, the southernmost tip of India. The small village where his family is located is called Kohhavati. Like him, most people in India lived before large-scale industrialization, and education, medical care and living resources were very scarce.

Title Anna Durai (middle) with the younger brothers

Dr. Anna Durayi’s elementary school class photo, when he was nine years old

Straight A student
But poverty in the family did not prevent him from becoming a school tyrant. At school, he is particularly interested in mathematics and chemistry courses, but he doesn’t like history very much.

Dr. Anna Duray said: “My father used to say that the whole purpose of learning history is to understand how to create history.”

His father is a teacher. In his spare time, he uses his tailoring skills to earn extra money to subsidize his family. The income from the two jobs is enough to support the family, but there is basically no money.

For a while, my father was not even sure if there was any money to send Anna Durai to school. However, one day Annadurai found a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity.

“I was 12 years old and I heard from the radio that the government offered scholarships to students in remote places. I went to submit the application.” It was this scholarship that made him no longer worry about tuition and took him to the nearby town. A good school.

“At that time my father earned 120 rupees a month. And the scholarship is 1000 rupees per year.” In the 1970s, 1 dollar could be exchanged for about 7.5 rupees.

When he graduated, he scored the first place in the region and ranked 39th in the whole country. His excellent results have earned him more scholarships.

Initial struggle
In 1975, just before Anna Dulai entered the School of Engineering, the Indian Space Agency launched the first artificial satellite with the help of the Soviet Union.

In order to receive the signals transmitted by the satellites, some of the toilets in Bangalore were rushed into data centers. The satellite should have been designed to run for half a year, but it only failed for four days.

Four years later, India’s attempt to launch a domestic rocket capable of carrying satellites for the first time also failed.

In the early 1980s, Anna Dulai joined the Indian Aerospace Research Institute (ISRO).

“We work in a simple shed built by asbestos tiles and only launch a satellite every four years.”

His English and Hindi are not fluent, he only speaks hometown. “Sometimes people will laugh at the English I speak.”

The first satellite he participated in was designed to reach the orbit 400 kilometers away from the Earth. But backfired, the satellite finally crashed in the Bay of Bengal.

Exploring the moon
Despite his unfavorable experience, he successfully completed eight Indian satellite projects. The Indian satellite system has become the main force of the Indian space program, and is also widely used in weather forecasting, resource detection and broadcasting.

In 2003, Dr. Anna Durayi once considered leaving the Indian space agency to work for a high-paying private company. This idea was completely dispelled after he was elected as the head of India’s first moon landing project.

“Our main goal is to explore issues that have not been touched by previous projects. We also need to find out how much water is on the moon and how it is formed.”

In October 2008, one day in the rainy season in India, India’s Luna No. 1 lunar probe was launched into the space center 100 kilometers north of Chennai, a large city in southern India. The detector dropped the Indian flag on the surface of the moon and confirmed that there was water on the moon.

Anna Duray said that the Indian space program has provided great help to farmers.