In recent years, it has been widely circulated on the Internet that a Chinese medicine expert said that “no lunch” is beneficial to health and longevity, and those who oppose this have also pointed their finger directly at Chinese medicine. In fact, this statement is neither from Chinese medicine nor its mainstream view.
“No lunch” is not derived from the theory of traditional Chinese medicine
According to research, the earliest person in the medical family who talked about “do not eat at noon” should clarify Yu Chang, one of the three famous doctors in the early days. He mentioned the importance of dietary care in his medical case monograph “Elegant Grass”. He believes that not only is the fat and thick taste easy to produce sputum, but the diet time is also related to the phlegm and phlegm. From the perspective of the body’s yang change, the yang is gradually rising before noon, which can help the spleen to be transported, and it is not easy to produce sputum; It is declining. If you eat again at this time, the fire will not warm the soil, and the diet will not change and become phlegm: “Although the diet should be prudent, not only fat and phlegm, but also a strong taste to hurt the yin. During the middle of the day, Xingyang is 25 degrees, the diet is easy to eliminate, so it does not produce sputum. From midday to night, the line is Yin 25 degrees, the diet is not disappearing, so it is easy to become phlegm. One of the body protectors is the most important thing.
The reason why Yu Chang quoted Buddhism’s concept of “drinking food after lunch” to talk about nursing after illness is related to his experience of entering meditation by Confucianism and medical treatment by Zen. After Yu Chang, many medical experts have similar statements, such as Chen Qi’s “Medical Light” said: “I will not eat after lunch.”
The connotation of Buddhism “no lunch”
The so-called “don’t eat at noon”, the accurate saying of Buddhism is “to not eat in the middle” and “not a non-time eclipse.” The “noon” here is not the noon hour of the 12 o’clock hour (11 noon to 13 o’clock noon), but refers to the 12 o’clock of the “cocoa”. According to the explanation of the Buddhist scientist Mr. Zhao Puchu, in order to cherish the support of the dwellers and help to clear the mind and mind, Buddhists only eat one meal a day before noon: “According to the Buddhist system, Bhikkhu does not eat food in the afternoon. There are two reasons: One is Bhikkhu. The meals are provided by the lay people, and they only hold the bowl once a day. Eating a meal in the middle of the day can reduce the burden of the lay people; the second is not to eat at noon, which helps to repair. ”
Despite this, Buddhists allowed to eat tea soup and “medicinal food” after “zhong”. The so-called tea soup is not a cup of clear tea, but contains tea leaves, green onions, ginger, dates, orange peel, (edible) dogwood and mint, etc., and eat together after cooking. Not to mention anything else, the jujube in it alone is higher than glucose from the modern food’s glycemic index, so eating two jujubes is also hungry.
In addition to tea soup, there are also “replacement tea drinks” for monks. In Tang Tao Wang Tao’s “Outer Taiwan Secrets”, there is a “new tea recipe”, which contains Astragalus, Poria, Pueraria, Coix seed, Tong grass, dried ginger, mulberry root, rat stick root, raw 14 flavors of dried rehmannia root, wolfberry root, honeysuckle, Smilax, asparagus, and bamboo, all of which are mashed first, then roasted on the charcoal fire, smashed into the mortar, add a little salt before eating , Orange peel, long pepper and other cooked, “fried to replace tea.” Wang Tao specifically stated that this side is especially suitable for monks to eat more: “Dwelling in the monk’s home should be good for drinking, clearing the internal organs, adjusting the bloodline, serving less, benefiting less, and drinking hungry and full.” Poria, Pueraria lobata, and coix seed are all low in carbohydrate, which can supplement energy and resist hunger.
The essence of “don’t eat in the afternoon” is to eat less in the afternoon
Many medical experts believe that “no lunch” is not fasting at midday but less food. According to the ancient meal system of our country, the expression “no lunch” does not conform to people’s production and living habits. Before Qin and Han dynasties, two meals a day were quite common. People referred to the meals eaten before work as “big foods” or “gourmet foods” and ate relatively full; the food eaten after work was called “snacks” or “snacks” “Breakfast”, which is usually done by soaking the leftover rice in the morning with water: “Breakfast, water the rice, eat from the evening.”
Chinese medicine believes that if the last meal is too close to falling asleep, it can cause food accumulation and stagnation, as stated in “Medical Lights”: “Go to bed after eating most, sleep without ears, the spleen will not grind, and the lungs will not It ’s not the only thing, only the stagnation becomes a disease. ”” The Secret of Waitai “contains:” People are not allowed to eat every night. After eating, they have to walk to make them sit and lie down slightly. Drunk lying, as if accumulating a hundred diseases “. Therefore, eating less in the afternoon can prevent indigestion caused by going to bed after eating. From the perspective of modern nutrition, the three-meal mode given in the “Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents” is: sufficient nutrition for breakfast, good lunch, and moderate amount for dinner. The principle of an appropriate amount of dinner is in line with the concept of “less lunch”.
Eat at regular intervals
How did the ancients keep in good health? The law of life is nothing more than: “Eating and drinking are regular, living is regular, and don’t work arrogantly, so you can be as good as the gods, and you’ll have to live for a hundred years before you die.” (“Su Wen · Ancient Naive Theory”) Among them, “food and drink festivals” include meal timing, quantitative and five flavor harmony.
Chinese medicine coincides with modern nutrition in terms of meal system and food intake. Both emphasize that each meal should be eaten less but a few more. Just like a sumo wrestler, you only eat one meal a day, but the amount of food that exceeds the ability of the spleen and stomach will still hurt the body. Therefore, the total amount of food should be controlled, as the “Medical Light” said: “Daily meals should only be eight points, not as much as possible.” If you are too hungry, you can easily overeat it. “If you are hungry, you will eat too much. “The correct approach is to eat regularly, and eat less at every meal.” Often as hungry and hungry. ”
In addition, similar to the online story “No lunch,” there is “No Shishi”. This statement was first seen in Shi Jihong’s side book “Lingnan Health Prescription” for the treatment of the epidemic infectious disease malaria malaria in the Yuan Dynasty: “Mo Yin Mao Shi Jiu, Mo Shi Shenhou.” This life experience was originally designed to prevent epidemics Because of the mountainous malaria in Guangdong and Guangxi, the morning meals may be spoiled and spoiled if left in the natural environment of high temperature and high humidity for more than half a day. Similarly, wines are fermented beverages and are prone to rancidity at high temperatures. , Alcoholism is more heat stroke poison. ” Similar claims include “less food Shenhou porridge”, “less meal Shenhou rice”, “shenhou rice desire to reduce” and “shenhou rice should be less” and so on, all of which emphasize that eating less after eating rather than fasting.