The representative of the French ridiculous drama founder Eunicecu, “Bald Singer” has a pen of the gods – the dialogue between the Martins and the couple, the two men and women who have been married, have never seen each other, and ask each other in a dull, dull tone. In the other party’s situation, in the magical coincidence of one small thing, it is confirmed that they are actually husband and wife. The trivial little things actually surpassed the feelings and become the most powerful proof of this marriage, showing the strong absolutism of existentialism. “. The text “Life Terminal” has the same effect as this drama. The ordinary protagonist – two retired old people; the ordinary storyline – live close, come to know each other, know each other, celebrate the move according to the ancient customs of Russia, Buying what you need together is a trivial matter; and a dramatic ending – they have already known each other, one was a judge, and the other was a trialee who had been sentenced to long-term imprisonment… The strange plots and emotional conflicts highlight the absurdity of the hidden existentialism. The objective world is irregular, life is meaningless, and the absurdity comes from the world’s incomprehensible and human bias. It is necessary to try to grasp the contradiction. This article will start from the “blank” theory and “metaphor” and explore the profound implications behind the text.
First, the perfect combination of stylistics and “blank” theory
From the stylistic point of view, the text belongs to a small novel, the length is short, the number of words is small, and the content that can be explained on paper is limited. If the author does not have enough skill, it is easy to cause unintelligible, or the plot is broken and the narrative is broken. However, the text is very sinisterly combined with the “blank” technique after selecting the style of the novel, which not only does not cause the story to be broken, but also leaves more room for thinking for the reader, and enhances the reader’s white hair filling gap. The drama and depth of the story, as well as more vividly reveal and highlight the main theme of the text.
The Polish philosopher Ingaden fully and uniquely expounded the relationship between the unrepresented part of the text hierarchy and reading in the two works “Art Works of Literature” and “Knowledge of Art Works of Literature”, pointing out that the literary works include four Heterogeneous and interdependent layers—the layer of phonological phenomena, the layer of semantic units, the layer of reappearing objects, and the layers of graphic representations, which are considered to be graphically composed of literary works, especially the reproduction of the object layer and the graphic layer. There are a number of “unfixed points” in it, and these uncertainties need to be made specific by the reader during the reading process. Germany accepts the representative of the aesthetics, Isel’s “Reading Behavior”, which clearly puts forward the concept of “blank” to replace “unfixed point” and introduces the blank into the communication between the text and the reader. It is considered that the blank is not only the basic condition of communication but also reading. The indispensable positive driving force plays an important role in grasping the structure and significance of the work.
The text uses this theory brilliantly, showing the truest sense of emptiness. Readers may not notice these “blanks” or “unfixed points” when they first contact the text. In particular, the plots at the beginning and development part are extremely flat and easy to be ignored by readers. But the tearing gaze and identity reveal at the end are enough to make the readers very surprised and deeply absurd. They can make the readers think of the ending part of the plot and trace it back. They have to start thinking about it – what is this case? When was it judged? How long did it take? What kind of life did the trialee live in prison? Does he have hatred? How long does it take? When is the judge not a judge? Why are they crying? Is there any sensation? How do they face each other in the future? And other issues. However, when returning to the front and the text looking for clues, trying to solve the doubts, the reader will find many new questions – why one subject and one judge will be assigned together? Why do retirement times almost coincide? Do you have a conversation when you get along? Have you asked for the identity of the other party? Is this all a drama coincidence? The short text does not answer these deep and detailed questions, but this is the author’s sagacity. Instead of adding more and setting the background and explaining the background, it is better to leave clues to entice the readers to explore and enhance the fun. At the same time, the shortness of the length and the number of words is because of the “blank” contains a huge amount of content, the plain narrative and trivial plot are more dramatic and conflicting due to the end part of the disclosure, part of the blank, and the monotony, meager and watching in the overall environment. In a real life, the unpredictable destiny or the absurdity of existence is vividly presented, prompting people to contact themselves and the society to explore the state and meaning of life.
Second, the terminal and trial in metaphor
Life is often compared to a journey, and the “terminal” is the end or final stage in various senses. Here, everything will be attributed to silence, time is filled with boring little things, behavior is only out of habit, and emotions are difficult to waver. Just like the two old people in the text, they know each other and get along with each other, as they celebrate the joy of moving house to “according to the ancient customs of Russia” and generally follow a certain stereotype, slow and calm. In fact, this is not only the appearance of the two old people when they are old, but also the state of life of most people after they enter old age, and even the general state of some young people. The modern society is running at a high speed, and people are gradually separated. Individuals are more silent and indifferent. It seems that they are no longer willing to accept or actively detect new ideas and changes. Hearts and souls are dying and numbly believe that there are no worlds. significance. The end of the text not only metaphorizes the aging and living conditions of the two old people, but also implies a concern about the living conditions of life in today’s world.
There is no rule in the objective world. The two old people saw the “first time” and felt that “it was not so lonely when they spent their old age together”, but at the end they found a “trial” in the middle. Readers can’t know how they get along in the future, but they can speculate that they can’t easily let go. The initial “realistic” and “reasonable” planning of life alone may no longer be realized. This “judgment” is not only the reason for the two people to cry, but also the basis for filling the blank plot, and it also implicitly indicates that human beings cannot grasp the reality and results of life.
The author skillfully uses the “blank” to open up a valuable space for thinking outside the space. From the point of view, the text only describes some trivial matters. In fact, with the help of “metaphor”, the human “terminal” living state and the irregular objective world are deeply exposed, and an unexpected plot “trial” is used. The contradiction of the person rises to the focus position, which shows the absurd reality of existentialism in an extremely vivid way.