Gastritis is a relatively common digestive disease. The stomach is the place where food is digested and continuously provides energy to the body. Once the stomach disease appears, it will seriously endanger people’s health. Therefore, the patient has stomach disease. Such as gastritis, etc., should be treated in time to keep the condition under control.
Gastritis is an inflammation of the gastric mucosa caused by a variety of reasons. It is one of the most common manifestations of many digestive system diseases. There are two simple types of gastritis, namely: acute and chronic gastritis; according to the different causes of the disease, it can be divided into autoimmune gastritis and stress gastritis. Due to the different causes, the pathological changes are also different. Generally, there are three processes: epithelial injury, mucosal inflammation, and epithelial regeneration.
Clinical symptoms of gastritis
1. Clinical symptoms of acute gastritis: Although the symptoms of acute gastritis vary in degree, the onset is very urgent. Mild patients will have symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, and indigestion; severe patients will have symptoms such as melena, hematemesis, poisoning and shock. (1) There are usually fever, headache, general malaise and poisoning. (2) Patients with severe vomiting and diarrhea will have symptoms of dehydration and acidosis, and shock will occur in severe cases. (3) Usually there is no obvious physical signs, there will be tenderness in the upper abdomen and around the umbilical cord, and the bowel sounds are more hyperactive. (4) There will be a history of overeating, eating unclean and spoiled food. (5) The onset is very rapid, with symptoms such as repeated vomiting, severe abdominal pain, and frequent diarrhea. The stools are mostly watery, with a small amount of mucus, blood, or undigested food.
2. Clinical symptoms of chronic gastritis. Chronic gastritis is a chronic gastric disease. It is a pathological change mainly caused by non-specific chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa. The disease will only appear in a local area of the stomach, or it may spread to the entire stomach. The severity of symptoms is not consistent with the degree of gastric mucosal lesions. Many patients have no symptoms or have varying degrees of indigestion, such as upper abdominal discomfort or pain, nausea and vomiting, weakened appetite, acid reflux, etc. Patients with gastric mucosal erosion and bleeding may have hematemesis and melena. Patients with chronic atrophic gastritis will have indigestion, anemia, weight loss, diarrhea, etc. Some patients will have obvious upper abdominal pain and bleeding symptoms.
Common treatments for gastritis
1. General treatment. Patients should stay in bed for rest, give easy digestible liquid food, and not eat greasy food. In severe cases, fasting should be used to reduce gastrointestinal pressure, and nutrition and water can be supplemented by intravenous drip.
2. Antispasmodic and analgesic treatment. Atropine or vitamin K can be injected intramuscularly; nitroglycerin can also be sublingual; analgesics such as pethidine can be used, but morphine should not be used.
3. Antibacterial treatment. For example, ciprofloxacin, metronidazole, etc.; cephalosporin antibiotics can also be used, and antibiotics should be selected based on the results of bacterial culture and drug sensitivity test.
4. Cholesterol. After the seizure is relieved, you can take orally Tripibuton, Xiaoyan Lidan tablets, etc.
5. Surgical treatment. If there are patients with necrosis, perforation, suppuration, etc., surgical treatment should be performed in time, and cholecystectomy or cholecystostomy should be performed.
Care of gastritis
1. Stay positive and optimistic
Malaise, sadness, depression, depression, suffering from gains and losses, seemingly unimportant factors are one of the culprits that cause or aggravate various types of gastritis. Emotional fluctuations often affect other aspects such as diet. When you are in dispute or venting, it will affect your appetite. The decrease in appetite will affect the digestive tract, and the secretion of digestive glands will decrease. If you eat at this time, due to the gastrointestinal tract Peristalsis becomes slow as the digestive glands are lowered, and the food will not be completely digested. It is easy to cause bloating and lack of interest in food. Therefore, we must maintain a positive and optimistic attitude to make our lives better. Only when our bodies get better, our living environment and lifestyle will get better and better.
2. Food hygiene
The stomach is one of our most important organs, because it provides nutrition for various cells and tissues in our body. While taking in nutrition, we also have to cherish our stomachs. When suffering from chronic gastritis, we should avoid eating too spicy, too cold or too hot food, smoking and drinking. When you find that you have bad symptoms in your upper abdomen, avoid eating too irritating foods, such as raw garlic, green onions, and mustard. Develop a good habit of chewing slowly and eating regularly when eating. Due to the accelerated pace of life, many people have developed the habit of not eating breakfast, but this is not worth promoting. Statistics show that people who do not eat breakfast for a long time are prone to gastritis.
Self-use massage method to press and knead the corresponding acupuncture points. Modern experimental studies have shown that massage on the abdomen can help gastrointestinal peristalsis and emptying, can enhance the function of gastrointestinal secretion glands, improve digestion, and also has antispasmodic and pain relief effects.
4. Eat stomach-protecting foods often
You can eat more grains in your daily life, because grains can promote the digestion and absorption of the gastrointestinal tract. General coarse grains include millet, rice, corn, wheat, etc. These coarse grains are more comprehensive in nutrition than polished rice and refined noodles. Such as fresh milk, soy milk, eggs, various red date porridge, yam porridge, vermicelli, tofu, tender vegetable leaves, etc., these foods can protect the gastric mucosa and clear the gastrointestinal tract.