Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It is located between the Baltic Sea bay and Lake Mälaren. The urban area is distributed on 14 islands and a peninsula. More than 70 large and small bridges connect it together. It is known as the “Venice of the North”. The blue sea, black rocks, green islands and pale blue lakes on the island, as well as various buildings, constitute a beautiful picture. Not long ago, the author walked into this beautiful city admiringly. The beautiful scenery of Stockholm is unforgettable.
Beautiful “Wood Island”
Stockholm means “Wood Island” in English. The city was founded in the middle of the 13th century AD. At that time, local residents were often harassed by pirates, so people built a castle with huge wood on a small island at the entrance of Lake Mälaren, and set up wooden piles in the water to resist pirates. Therefore, the island was It was named “Wood Island”.
Stockholm has both an elegant and antique style and the prosperity of a modern city. In the old city, there are magnificent palaces, imposing churches and towering minarets, and the narrow streets and lanes show the style of the medieval streets. In the new city, there are tall buildings, neat streets, and verdant trees and sparkling waves contrast against each other. The cars, ships, planes, and seagulls that race on the ground, sea, and air add infinite vitality to the city, and the satellite cities scattered in the distance give people a sense of smoke and dreams.
Stadan Island is the birthplace of Stockholm City. It is no more than 600 meters wide and 800 meters long. In 1252, a palace was built on the northeast corner of the island, so the island is also called Kings Island. The old city of Gomla was built around the royal palace; later, the parliament building was built on the northern island; the opera house, museum and the Nobel Conference Center were built on the northern land; the royal garden and residential area were built on Queens Island in the west; The famous Skansen Open Air Museum and Vasa Shipwreck Museum were built on the eastern Skansen Island. Finally, a landmark building-the red city hall was built in the center. The main buildings in Stockholm are concentrated within a 4 km square with Stadan Island as the center. The only place of interest far away from this center is the summer palace built on Queen’s Island.
When you arrive in Stockholm, you must visit the Summer Palace. The Summer Palace was built on Zaohou Island, dozens of kilometers away from the city center. This is a famous European garden, comparable to the Palace of Versailles in Paris and the Summer Palace in Beijing. It was listed as a World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1991. The top floor of the Summer Palace is a four-story “convex” building, with yellow walls and green roofs, tall and wide, with a large natural lake in front of the palace and a French garden covering two square kilometers in the back. There is a big library in the palace. There is a Chinese Palace in the south corner of this garden, which houses a lot of Chinese and Japanese porcelain and paintings.
Stockholm is a very big city. There are also many water bridges, and its churches have tall bell towers. My first choice is the National Museum. The collection here is mainly paintings. The collection of the museum occupies two floors, the first floor is mainly paintings. Opposite the hall on the first floor, there are large-scale Renaissance oil paintings, mainly religions and figures. The color is heavy and dark. When I saw the paintings of the 16th century, the style of painting changed slightly, and the natural scenery began to appear, and the colors were slightly brighter. In addition, there are special halls exhibiting paintings from France and other European periods, such as the 17th and 18th centuries, each with its own characteristics. On the other floor are some sculptures, some collections of the Swedish royal family and a modern furniture museum.
Sweden’s royal palace is relatively large, and the flag is flying high to show that the king is home. There are still many cannons on the square behind the palace. The lion head fountain and merchant houses of various colors on the front square are also features. The roads around the island are full of small bars and gift shops, gathering many tourists. The famous Queen Street is a shopping street. The streets and ends are marked by a creeping lion.
Stockholm is also a famous cultural city. It is reported that there are more than 50 museums in the city, such as nationality, nature, fine arts, ancient cultural relics, weapons, and science and technology museums. They are divided into categories and have their own merits. In the Skansen Open Air Museum, there are 150 typical old houses moved from all over Sweden, with different styles, vividly showing people the simple and meaningful years spent by the working people in Sweden. There are also the Royal Library with a collection of more than 1 million volumes and the Stockholm Astronomy with a history of more than 100 years.
Since 1809, Sweden has not been involved in various wars. In the two world wars, because Sweden was declared a neutral country, the residents lived a peaceful and peaceful life as usual, and the Stockholm district was called the “peaceful city”. In the square in front of an ancient church in the city, people feed the peace doves with breadcrumbs. The doves fly around, and some even rest on people’s heads or shoulders, like a peaceful and peaceful picture. Stockholm is the pearl of Northern Europe and one of the birthplaces of European culture. Climbing the high cliffs on the opposite bank of the Baltic Channel Bay, and looking out from the south bank of Lake Mälaren, you can have a panoramic view of Stockholm. The sky is connected with the earth, the sea and the lake are connected, the unique natural beauty, and the rich cultural relics make up this city Cultural heritage.
Stockholm City Hall
The City Hall is the building where the Stockholm Parliament of Sweden is located. The City Hall is located on King’s Island. The city hall is a square red brick building with a small open-air square in the middle. There are four statues on the east side of the building, and a 100-meter-high tower on the southeast corner. The three crowned gilded weathervanes on the tower are a symbol of the Kingdom of Sweden. It also symbolizes the three member states that formed the Kalmar Union-Denmark, Sweden and Norway. To the south is a tall colonnade with a stone statue of Nobel and a large wooden horse. In front of the colonnade is a lakeside garden, decorated with fountains and statues. It has a wide view. You can see the island of Knights across the lake, and you can also overlook the coastal scenery of the southern area. It is a place worth stopping.
Stockholm City Hall was designed by architect Ragner and built between 1911 and 1923. The building is surrounded by two large squares, an outer courtyard and an indoor lobby, and is constructed of 8 million red bricks. The designer originally planned to design the interior lobby in blue, so he called it the “blue lobby”, but when he saw the beautiful red bricks, he changed his mind and didn’t paint the exterior wall blue. The most famous event of the “Blue Lobby” is the dinner after the Nobel Prize presentation ceremony in December every year. The pipe organ in the lobby has 10270 sound pipes, which is the largest in Scandinavia.
The second floor is the Stockholm City Council Hall, where the Stockholm councilors meet. Each seat has the name of the congressman, which means that the seat of the congressman is fixed. There is also an auditorium on the side, everyone can come to observe the meetings of the councillors. The most distinctive and beautiful thing in the parliament hall is the boat-shaped roof in the hall. It is said that the designer did not intend to build the roof as it is now, but when it was about to be completed, he found that the roof before the roof was laid like an upside-down ship, which is in line with the architectural style of the Nordic Viking era. , So the designer changed his mind and drew the sun, moon and stars on the roof to show that the topics discussed by the council are not obscure.
There is also a hall called the “Golden Hall” in the city hall. This is a happy dance place for people after the Nobel Prize dinner. There are two elevators in the dance hall to deliver refreshments and drinks to the guests. The waiter will be in the shortest time. Deliver the drinks to the guests in the time. The “Golden Hall” is about 25 meters in depth, and the four walls are made of 18 million pieces of gold that are about one centimeter square. Under the bright light, countless auras shroud and are magnificent. However, the decoration materials of the gold hall use a sandwich-like technique, with gold leaf sandwiched between two pieces of glass, so the amount of gold in the entire gold hall is not much, only a dozen kilograms. In the meantime, there are also inlaid murals composed of various colored small pieces of glass. On the large mural on the wall in the middle of the hall, Lake Mälaren sits upright
Goddess, she is the patron saint of Stockholm. As soon as the curtain was unveiled, the painting was criticized because the goddess was painted too ugly. However, the painter is eloquent: the goddess is a symbol of peace, and peace is hard to come by, so the goddess should not be too beautiful. The long hair of the goddess symbolizes the waves of the lake. There are two groups of figures at the feet of the goddess, approaching her from the left and right sides.
The group on the right is European, and the group on the left is Asian. There is even a Chinese in Qing Dynasty costumes. This arrangement is to show that Sweden is the center of the world. This mosaic mural symbolizes Stockholm, the birthplace of the combination of Lake Melen and the Baltic Sea. It is a beautiful place that humans yearn for. It is not only a masterpiece of art combining realism and romanticism, but also the “Town Hall Treasure” of the City Hall. “. There is also a mural in the Golden Hall, which is also the work of those unreliable painters. This picture shows a knight on the battlefield. When I drew from the bottom to the top, I realized that I couldn’t draw his head anymore. They continued to plausibly: This is a national hero, an unsung hero, so there is no need to draw his face…
In addition, there is a more sacred place in the city hall than the “Golden Hall” and “Blue Hall”, that is, the marriage registration hall. Only 45 seconds can be allocated, and the person who made the appointment has already registered for half a year. The citizens of Stockholm received not only the marriage certificate from here, but the deep affection and blessings for this beautiful city.
The terrace of the tower is one of the best places to overlook Stockholm. There are four statues around on the terrace. These statues have different expressions and are the patron saints of sailing. Each statue looks at its protected area. At the top of the terrace, there are nine bells. It is said that the largest one is a gift from the Dutch. Standing on the terrace and looking around, you can have a panoramic view of more than 10 islands in Stockholm. Lake Mälaren is gleaming, with little sails, and yachts shuttle between the islands in the city. There are many high-rise buildings in the city, ancient and modern buildings contrast each other, and all sides are beautiful scenery that people can’t see enough. In a sentence introduced by the Chinese Embassy in Sweden about this building, “At this time, you will say: Stockholm is really beautiful!” I think the City Hall should be the most worth seeing building in Stockholm and a landmark in Stockholm one.
Knights Island is the closest place to where I live. In the most powerful years of Sweden in the 17th century, it was the place where powerful knights and nobles lived. It was once the political center of Stockholm. The buildings on the island are antique and colorful, full of medieval flavors. There is a square on the island called Berggill Square, which is the center of the island. The important buildings on the island are all around this square. This square is named after Stockholm’s founder Berggill. In the center of the square is the statue of Berggill. Surrounded by the Supreme Court, Wangeska Palace and the Birjer Yar Round Tower, one of the oldest buildings in the city, these buildings are very interesting. The tall Church of the Island of Knights is the most prominent building on the Island of Knights. The black cast iron spire on the main Gothic red brick building soars into the sky. The Church of the Island of Knights, built in the 13th century, was originally a monastery and later became the cemetery of Swedish monarchs and nobles. As I passed by here many times, the quietness of the island of Knights in the morning and the romance of the sunset in the evening left an unforgettable impression on me.
There is a beautiful building between the Island of Knights and the Old City, the Noble House. Although this building with a history of more than 300 years is not high, it looks extraordinary. This building is in the Dutch Baroque style. There are statues of various figures on the roof of the front of the building, and the wall of the hall is decorated with more than 2,300 shields. It used to be a gathering place for nobles, and it was once the political center of Stockholm. The statue in front of the Noble House is the Swedish Emperor Gustav Adolf II. This building is known as one of the most beautiful buildings in Europe.
Stockholm Old Town
The Old Town of Stockholm is a must-visit place for all those who come to Stockholm. Rows of maroon and bright yellow “new” buildings with spires from the 17th century are cleverly mixed with the brightly colored medieval buildings, and they are well preserved. It’s really fascinating to see. Any building here may be a museum. There are more than 50 museums in Stockholm, many of which are located in these old buildings.
The Old Town of Stockholm was built in the 13th century and is located on the city island in the center of Stockholm. This small island with an area of less than 1 square kilometer is currently a relatively complete and large medieval urban area in Europe. There are medieval alleys, cobblestone streets and ancient buildings in the city, which are deeply influenced by the North Germanic style. Mottled churches, narrow cobblestone paths, and the strong aroma of coffee floating in the air, walking in the old city, you will feel as if time has slowed down.
Walking on the narrow and winding streets paved with stones and large cobblestones in the old city, it feels like going back in time. Visitors here, as if back in the 18th century. The streets and alleys are paved with stones. The widest part is only 5 to 6 meters, and the narrowest part is less than 1 meter. Not only are cars, motorcycles and bicycles impassable, but even if two people walk across from each other, they must walk sideways. On both sides of the street are some small restaurants and small shops selling quaint, chic and exquisite handicrafts and souvenirs. The streets of the old city are narrow, elegant and childish. There are no famous shops, only candy, ice cream shops, bars and small craft shops. But here you can slow down, walk slowly through the century-old streets, and enjoy the leisurely atmosphere. The old streets and old buildings in the old city took me a lot of time. I like to slowly linger on these old streets one by one, watching the old buildings, and feeling slowly in the long river of history. Tired of walking, sitting in a coffee shop on the side of the street and having a cup of coffee to rest, meet the locals, and listen to them talking about the past and present of the ancient buildings. I also think that the old city under the sunset is the most moving moment.
The main square is one of the most visited places in the old town. This 700-year-old place was the center of the old city 500 years ago. The square is surrounded by famous historical buildings, the most famous being the Nobel Museum, formerly the Stock Exchange. This is also the office address of the Swedish Academy. It is said that the annual Nobel Prize in Literature is selected from here. There is also the Nobel Library in this building. This square is also famous for another historical event. On November 8th and 9th, 1520, King Christian II of Denmark used an amnesty as a bait to deceive 94 Swedish nobles, clergy and people. The result was all Was killed in this square. This is the famous Stockholm massacre.
There is a monument to a well in the main square. This is the original site of the earliest well in Stockholm. This well has dried up more than 150 years ago. A beautiful gray building on the square is a non-governmental charity organization provided by the Christian Church for the unemployed and homeless poor people. The red house opposite is the earliest coffee shop in Stockholm. There are many antique shops and bars around the square. It is a warm and cozy place. It seems that the bloody nearly 500 years ago has been gradually forgotten by people. To the southwest of the main square is the famous German church. The German church was donated by a German Chamber of Commerce in the 14th century, and it was once the only German diocese outside of Germany. Another interesting sculpture is below the priest’s pulpit. This kneeling angel is relatively rare in other churches. Nowadays, there are religious ceremonies in German every Sunday, and the big bell of the church still sounds sweet every 4 hours.
The most spectacular building in the Old City is the Royal Palace. This is a square three-story building with a history of 300 years. Before the 1980s, the family of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden lived here, but at that time the royal family occupied only a few rooms and most of the buildings were open to the public. The cathedral next to the Royal Palace is one of the oldest buildings in Stockholm built in 1279. Many important celebrations of the Swedish royal family are arranged in this church. West Chang Street is the most important and prosperous commercial street in the old city. Shops, restaurants, and cafes are lined up on both sides of the street, among which souvenir shops are very popular with tourists from all over the world.
The Old Town is one of the oldest places in Stockholm, and it is also the most fascinating place. Those nearly perfect fusion of fairy tale-like buildings and long twists and turns of cobblestone paths are still bathed in the warm sunshine since the Middle Ages. When you wander the 800-year-old streets and lanes of the old city, you will feel like stepping into it. A long time in the Middle Ages.
Speaking of the world’s highest awards in science and society, maybe everyone’s first reaction is the Nobel Prize. The Nobel Prize was founded with part of the legacy of Alfred Bernhard Nobel, a famous Swedish chemist and inventor of nitroglycerin, as a fund. The Nobel Prize includes gold medals, certificates and bonus checks. In his will, he proposed to use part of the inheritance (US$9.2 million) as a fund, with interest divided into five types of bonuses: physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace (economic awards were added later), and awarded to countries around the world in these fields. Scholars who have made significant contributions to mankind.
I am very impressed with the story of the Swedish chemist Nobel inventing explosives. Stockholm is the hometown of Nobel. After his death, the Nobel Prize was established in accordance with his will and is awarded here every December (except for the Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway). For this reason, Stockholm has always been a magical city in my mind. I decided to visit the Nobel Museum early that morning. Some of Nobel’s relics, writings and precious materials, photos, videos and objects of previous winners are displayed inside. It’s a pity that I won’t be allowed to take pictures. There were so many people that day, I decided not to shame the Chinese.
The Nobel Museum specializes in publicizing information about the lives of Nobel Prizes, Nobel Prize winners, and Alfred Nobel. The museum is located in the north of the Old Town Square in Stockholm, Sweden. The museum was opened in the spring of 2001, the 100th anniversary of the Nobel Prize. The museum houses exhibitions, cinemas, theaters and scientific debates, as well as book and souvenir shops and coffee shops. Since the completion of the Nobel Museum, a large number of tourists will visit this museum after they come to Stockholm, Sweden, to learn about the people who have contributed to human science, history, and civilization.
Walking out of the museum seems to have received an education and baptism. These geniuses in various fields in modern history used arduous exploration to promote the progress of mankind. In the end, they all set foot in this city to receive the highest honor. I can’t help wondering what would the world be like without them?
Venice in the North
I was deeply attracted by the charming city of Stockholm. Shuttle through the old city and the new city every day, full of water, full of natural paintings, every day in the flow of water. The tributaries of the lakes and seas in Stockholm are crisscrossed with water networks everywhere, and more than 70 bridges connect the entire city together. At first glance, the water is connected to the water, bridges and bridges. The water is surrounded by stone roads and neatly manicured green lawns and flower beds. On the docks are moored giant milky white luxury cruise ships. The historic medieval buildings are built by the water: the towering palace, the towering Nicholas Church, the red city hall with three golden crowns, the magnificent Royal Opera House, the stately and elegant National Museum, etc. The exquisite stone sculptures, majestic momentum, and solemn colors make people feel that they are born of water, and their appearance has not changed for hundreds of years. They merge into a piece of solidified music, witnessing her long civilization to the world.
The water here is vast and has a long history, so it can bear the heavy and majestic buildings on the waterfront. The bridges here are of different shapes and dotted around, like punctuation marks, linking the city together. The special charm of the trinity of water, bridges, and ancient buildings tightly embraces the past and present of an ancient city, broad and delicate, magnificent and tender.
The citizens of Stockholm who are nurtured by this clear water have an elegant and refined temperament. Nordic people, both men and women, are tall, with red complexion, and narrow and sharp faces. They rarely see swollen, fat, bald men and fat wives. They walk on the hard stone road, their steps are steady, and they are calm and calm. When you meet a foreigner, you will respond with a kind smile. I heard from friends that the Swedes live a leisurely life, have a slow pace, do things steadily, and never rush. I think, apart from the fact that this high-welfare country relieves all the citizens of their worries, it is because they have enjoyed too much water, and the people who have been nurtured by this water and soil for generations have formed a peaceful and moderate character. They have remained neutral in previous wars, freed from the pain and ravages of the war, and kept their beautiful homeland that they had built for 700 years.