Ancient Egyptian cosmetics

  In ancient Egypt, personal portraits were often used as substitutes for the dead in the afterlife. Therefore, in the funeral paintings, both men and women wear their most gorgeous clothes, wear the most exquisite wigs, and depict the most beautiful makeup.
  In daily life, the ancient Egyptians also used various pigments to decorate their faces. The most commonly used cosmetics are eye shadow powder for eye shadow and eyeliner. There are two types of eye shadow powder: green eye shadow powder made of malachite; black eye shadow powder made of galena. The ancient Egyptians also used fat or resin to make red ocher powder into a paste rouge, which was used as lip gloss and blush.
  Sanmohua was also a common cosmetic used by ancient Egyptian women. Sanmo flower is a tall shrub. Its leaves, fruits and seeds all contain orange-yellow Sanmo flower. People carefully select good-quality loose foam leaves, grind them into fine powder, and get a red powder after drying. After mixing this red powder with water, it can be used to paint exquisite body paintings, as well as to dye nails and hair. However, only civilians painted their nails with powdered moss, because the color of nails was a status symbol in ancient Egypt: nobles painted black; commoners painted bright colors.
  Cosmetics also have some practical uses, such as eyeshadow used by soldiers and workers to prevent eyes from being burned by strong sunlight. Besides, they are actually painting the eye of Horus. Horus is the patron saint of ancient Egypt. His eyes are often used to symbolize sacrifice, healing, restoration and protection. Therefore, the ancient Egyptians believed that applying eye shadow can protect the eyes. However, some studies claim that the reason why eye shadow can protect the eyes is actually because these substances can prevent the eyes from being infected by bacteria.
  Although ancient Egyptian cosmetics were not expensive and everyone could have them, the jars and makeup tools for cosmetics could distinguish the rich from the poor. The rich people used delicate and expensive cosmetic containers, and the cosmetic tools were made of ivory; while the poor used pottery and wooden sticks.