It is more cost-effective for husbands and wives to stay at home

  Two studies published this week in the journal Personnel Psychology suggest that in Chinese and South Korean dual-career families, it may be more “budget” for the husband to work at home than for the wife in some respects.
  Research shows that both husbands and wives accomplish more family-related tasks working from home than from an office. However, when wives work at home, husbands complete less housework than when wives work in an office. While the husband works at home, the wife does a lot of housework.
  Additionally, when wives got more work done at the office in two studies, they experienced more guilt for failing to complete chores and not being able to get along with their families. In men, only one study found this result.
  ”We found that men and women experience working from home differently,” said study lead author Jasmine Hu, a professor of management at Ohio State University’s Fisher School of Business. “There are still some gender differences in how you manage your work and family responsibilities.” The
  study The researchers conducted both studies during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  One study involved 172 dual-income couples in mainland China who had at least one child. The study was conducted from April to May 2020.
  Another study was conducted in South Korea from June to August 2021. The study involved 60 dual-career couples, some with children and some without.
  In both studies, all participants completed two surveys each day for 14 consecutive working days. Each husband and wife reported how well they were working from home, as well as the amount of work and chores they got done. Participants also completed various tests including work-family conflict and family-work conflict, their feelings of guilt about family and work, and psychological “withdrawal” from work and family.
  The findings showed that when husbands had flexible work schedules, wives completed significantly more work tasks at home than in the office. And when wives had inflexible work schedules, husbands completed significantly more housework while working from home.
  ”These findings suggest that when wives work more flexible hours, husbands can help wives who work remotely, and when wives work more regular hours, husbands can do more housework,” Hu said.
  Overall, the findings suggest a sense of conflict among dual-career couples when the boundaries between work time and family time blur.
  Findings showed that when employees (including husbands and wives) worked from home, the amount of work done increased, but it also increased their sense of role conflict, withdrawal from work and guilt about working for their employer.
  ”The findings suggest that husbands who are flexible about their work schedules can provide more support for their wives to complete remote work,” she said. We are better able to deal with crises such as COVID-19.”
  Hu said: “COVID-19 has changed the way we work forever. Remote work will become more normative. People are so used to working from home that many don’t want to go back to the office.”
  She believes mixed working is the best option for the future of dual-career families. “This will allow employees to gain flexibility while having the opportunity to interact more with office colleagues, enhance collaboration, and stimulate creativity and innovation.”