The second largest film country is actually an African country

  When you think of a big movie country, which country do you think of? Probably very few people mentioned Nigeria. But this West African country does have one of the best film industries in the world. In terms of production alone, it ranks second in the world all year round, second only to Bollywood in India. In 2020, Nigeria will rank first in the world with an annual output of 2,599 films, greatly surpassing India’s 1,541 films, China’s 650 films, and the United States’ 338 films.
  Therefore, the Nigerian film industry has also acquired an exclusive nickname – Nollywood (Nollywood) to highlight its unique status. However, in terms of movie quality, although Nollywood has made a qualitative leap compared with a decade ago, people can still feel a sense of cheapness caused by lack of resources.
  First of all, most Nollywood movies do not have professional sets and lighting, and the shooting location is likely to be on the street, in an alley, or in someone’s living room. Secondly, they don’t seem to have high quality requirements, and one or two cameras are enough to complete the shooting of the entire movie. Of course, the special effects are also fifty cents. As for acting skills, it can only be said that different people have different opinions.
  Due to the simple hardware, it only takes one to thirty thousand dollars and one or two months to make a film in Nigeria on average, which has largely contributed to the prolific production of Nollywood. There is a similarity between Nollywood and domestic short video platforms, that is, whenever a certain theme becomes popular, there will be countless remakes. Overall, there are some themes that run through the entire development cycle of Nollywood: Love, Betrayal, Revenge, and Conflict, for example.
  Nigeria’s film industry can be traced back to 1960 after independence. From 1960 to 1990, the sole producer of films and TV series in the country was the Nigeria Television Directorate. In 1990, the General Administration of Television decided not to produce film and television works, and countless film and television talents were released into the society.
  In the 1990s, just as audio-visual digitization was on the rise, CDs gradually replaced video tapes, and the price of video tapes plummeted. As a result, some smart Nigerian businessmen began to use cheap video tapes as carriers to distribute film works. Through this distribution channel, filmmaker Kenneth Emboué made a fortune with the phenomenal 1992 Life of a Bondage. The business model proved to be feasible, and countless Nigerian filmmakers flocked to it, and the country’s film production was on the fast track. According to the mainstream media, it was from “Life in Bondage” that the Nigerian film industry opened the era of Nollywood.
  The process of internationalization has increased the global influence of Nollywood. There are many Africans and African-descendants all over the world. Before Nollywood took shape, they could only watch film and television works made by Westerners. The emergence of Nollywood can be said to have hit the hearts of African-descendants all over the world. With the help of domestic and foreign demand, the economic benefits created by Nollywood once accounted for 5% of the country’s GDP. In 2013, it was valued at 5.1 billion US dollars, making it the second largest film and television country in the world.