In July 2022, the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway (“Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway”) in Indonesia began to lay tracks. On August 5th, high-speed EMUs and comprehensive inspection trains tailored for the “Yawan High-speed Railway” using Chinese standards rolled off the assembly line in Qingdao, and 11 high-speed EMUs and 1 comprehensive inspection train will be shipped to Indonesia. A solid foundation will be laid for the completion of the “Yawan High-speed Railway”. “Jakarta-Bandung High-speed Railway” is the first high-speed railway project in Southeast Asia. Its construction fully reflects the cooperation model of mutual benefit, negotiation and win-win between China and Indonesia. Relationships have a positive impact.
The two heads of state personally promoted
The “Jakarta-Bandung High Speed Rail” connects the Indonesian capital Jakarta and the West Java capital Bandung, with a total length of 142.3 kilometers and a maximum design speed of 350 kilometers per hour. It is an important infrastructure cooperation project that has attracted the attention of the international community.
In March and April 2015, President Xi Jinping and Indonesian President Joko Widodo exchanged visits, and the two countries signed the Memorandum of Understanding on China-Indonesia Jakarta-Bandung High-speed Railway Cooperation and the Framework Arrangement for the Development of the Jakarta-Bandung High-speed Railway Project , the curtain of the joint construction of “Yawan High-speed Railway” was opened. In October of the same year, a consortium of enterprises from China and Indonesia signed a cooperation agreement to form the Indonesia-China High-speed Railway Joint Venture Company (KCIC) to jointly build and operate the “Jakarta-Bandung High-speed Railway”. In January 2016, with the vigorous promotion of the governments of the two countries, the construction of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway started. President Xi Jinping specially sent a congratulatory letter to President Joko Widodo, pointing out that the cooperative construction of the “Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway” is an important consensus reached by the two sides, and it is also a major early harvest of the strategic alignment between China and Indonesia.
In May 2017, witnessed by the two heads of state, China Development Bank and Indonesia-China High-speed Railway Co., Ltd. formally signed a loan agreement for the “Jakarta-Bandung High-speed Railway” project. In June 2018, the construction of the key and controllable projects of the “Yawan High-speed Railway” started, and since then, the high-quality construction has been steadily advanced: the track laying construction will start in April 2022; in June, all 13 tunnels on the entire line will be connected, with a total length of about 16.64 kilometers; Track laying stage; high-speed EMU and comprehensive inspection train successfully rolled off the assembly line in August…
President Joko Widodo attaches great importance to the construction of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway, and personally leads the progress of the project. In 2015, Joko Widodo issued the Presidential Regulation “On Accelerating the Implementation of the Infrastructure Construction of Jakarta-Bandung High-speed Railway” to promote the smooth launch of the project. In 2021, Widodo also issued a presidential regulation approving the use of the state budget to support high-speed rail construction. Joko Widodo has also visited the construction site many times to inspect the construction of the project. On May 18, 2021, Joko Widodo was accompanied by Indonesian Coordinating Minister of Oceans and Investments Luhut, State-owned Enterprise Minister Eric Tohir, Minister of Finance Mu Yanni, Chinese Ambassador to Indonesia Xiao Qian and others to the scene inspection. Widodo hopes that the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail will be ready for operation by the end of 2022, and will connect the light rail and the subway to save time and improve efficiency. On January 17, 2022, Joko Widodo once again inspected the construction site of the “Jackson-Bandung High-speed Railway” and affirmed the progress of the construction. Joko Widodo said that the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway reflects the good cooperation between Indonesia and China. He hopes to show the construction results to the outside world during the G20 summit in November 2022, and looks forward to its operation in June 2023.
great for indonesia
The Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway is an important achievement project of the Jokowi government. Indonesia is the largest economy in Southeast Asia, with a GDP of more than 1 trillion US dollars. However, the lagging infrastructure has long restricted the sustainable development of Indonesia’s economy. Therefore, improving infrastructure conditions has become a priority for successive Indonesian governments. Since becoming president in 2014, Widodo has made infrastructure a priority in power. In November of that year, Joko Widodo proposed the strategy of building a “global marine fulcrum”. One of the four pillars of the strategy is infrastructure. In order to promote infrastructure and strengthen the interconnection between large and small islands in Indonesia, Widodo proposed the “Ocean Expressway” plan, which plans to build 24 ports across the country, and expand North Sumatra, Jakarta, East Java, South Sulawesi and Papua in the first phase. The five major hub ports in the region. In terms of land connectivity, in addition to actively promoting the construction of the “Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway”, Joko Widodo also plans to build the Jakarta-Surabaya railway that runs through the island of Java, focusing on the islands of Java and Sumatra, and constructing a total mileage of 5,400 kilometers of expressways across the country. road network.
On July 25, 2022, Indonesian President Joko Widodo arrived at Beijing Capital International Airport.
Under the vigorous promotion of the Joko Widodo government, Indonesia’s transportation infrastructure has been greatly improved in the past eight years. Thousands of kilometers of highways have been built, major progress has been made in the construction of airports and ports, and the relocation of the new capital has been launched. As the first high-speed rail in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, the completion of the “Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail” has made Indonesian people excited and eagerly looking forward to it. Widodo has also been widely recognized by the nation for his outstanding contributions to infrastructure, and the National Democratic Party of Indonesia specially awarded him the honorary title of “Father of Infrastructure”. Said Syed, president of Indonesia’s largest Muslim organization, the Federation of Islamic Shariah, praised that without Jokowi’s leadership, it would be difficult for Indonesia to complete such a large-scale infrastructure construction in a short period of time.
”Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail” will promote Indonesia’s economic and social development. On the one hand, the project has driven the development of Indonesia’s railway carriage assembly, rail manufacturing and other related industries, promoted foreign investment in railway-related industries such as steel and aluminum, and driven the development of Indonesia’s train manufacturing and transportation industries. At the same time, the construction of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway has created a large number of jobs, easing the employment pressure in Indonesia. On the other hand, the four upcoming stations of the “Jakarta-Bandung High Speed Rail”, namely Halim, Karawang, Valini and Dekarul, are located in the prosperous Greater Jakarta metropolitan area and West Java province. The completion and opening of the high-speed rail will have a radiating and stimulating effect on many industrial parks along the line, further creating jobs, attracting investment, boosting the development of tourism, logistics and emerging industries, and driving the regions along the line to build an “economic growth belt”. The travel time for Indonesian residents from Jakarta to Bandung will be cut to 40 minutes from more than three hours now. In the future, if the “Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway” is extended to Surabaya and runs through the entire Java island, it will further deepen regional connectivity and drive the economic development of the entire island.
Witness the friendship between China and Indonesia
”Jakarta-Bandung High-speed Railway” is the “flagship” project of the “Belt and Road” cooperation between China and Indonesia, as well as a landmark project of infrastructure cooperation between China and Indonesia. Steady progress was made under the concerted efforts of the departments. High-speed rail construction adopts Chinese standards throughout the entire process, focusing on the “localization” of cutting-edge technologies. Relying on China’s “Fuxing” technology, the “Yawan High-speed Railway” EMU is painted with a red abstract pattern textured by the Indonesian national treasure animal “Komodo Dragon”, reflecting the concept of harmonious coexistence between man and nature; the main color of the interior is The color is gray, red and blue, which are taken from the Indonesian “Borobudur” pagoda, the national flag and the ocean; the seats are embedded with Indonesian “Badik” style auspicious cloud patterns.
The successful construction of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway has enhanced the mutual trust between the two governments. It has not only set a new benchmark for bilateral cooperation in various fields, especially in the fields of infrastructure and production capacity, but also made local people feel that the Belt and Road Initiative has brought Indonesia. The benefits from the past have consolidated the public opinion foundation for China-Indonesia cooperation and promoted the development of the comprehensive strategic partnership between the two countries to a higher level. It can be seen that after the construction of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway project, Indonesia has a more positive attitude towards cooperation with China on the “Belt and Road” initiative. It is clear that the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway will be completed as scheduled, and then efforts will be made to build “new flagship” projects such as “regional comprehensive economic corridor” and “two countries and two parks”. The two countries also agreed to build the “Highlights Project for the Implementation of the Global Development Initiative” at the bilateral and regional levels to accelerate the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals.
On August 16, 2022, the 6th Silk Road International Expo opened in Xi’an. The picture shows the shield machine model displayed at the booth of China Railway Group, which undertook the construction of the “Yawan High-speed Railway”.
Since President Xi Jinping proposed the joint construction of the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road” initiative in Jakarta in 2013, the relationship between China and Indonesia has continued to improve steadily. The trade between China and Indonesia has also continued to rise, exceeding US$120 billion in 2021. China has become Indonesia’s largest trading partner for nine consecutive years, and China is also Indonesia’s second largest source of foreign investment. With the construction of the “Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway”, economic corridor, industrial parks and hydropower stations in full swing in Indonesia, the two countries have established a new relationship pattern of “four-wheel drive” of political, economic, cultural and maritime cooperation. At the end of July 2022, President Joko Widodo will visit China again, becoming the first foreign head of state received by China after the Beijing Winter Olympics. The two heads of state agreed to establish the general direction of jointly building a community with a shared future for China and Indonesia, and to create a model of mutual benefit and win-win results for major developing countries, a model for common development, and a vanguard for South-South cooperation. The two sides renewed the memorandum of understanding on the cooperation between the “Belt and Road” initiative and the “Global Maritime Fulcrum”, and signed cooperation documents in the fields of joint research on vaccines and genes, green development, information exchange and law enforcement, cyber security capacity building, ocean, and pineapple export to China. The two countries also agreed to further deepen strategic communication, have a comprehensive and in-depth exchange of views on China-Indonesia relations and international and regional issues of common concern, and reached a series of important consensuses. As the benchmark and epitome of friendly cooperation between China and Indonesia in the new era, the completion and opening of the “Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway” will mark a new era of higher-level relations between the two countries.