The “Rene Style” of St Paul’s Cathedral

  St Paul’s Cathedral is the most spectacular building in London. Its height of 111 meters still occupies the sky above London, dignified by the surrounding office buildings. It was designed by the famous medieval British designer Christopher Wren. St Paul’s Cathedral dates back to 604 AD. It is a typical Gothic building. This has been the seat of the Cathedral of London since St. Augustine. In 1666, there was a fire caused by a bakery in London, which burned half of London. The old Gothic building was destroyed in the fire. After the fire, Rennes redesigned a new cathedral on the site of St. Paul’s Church, which is now St. Paul’s Cathedral.
  
  Artistic style
  
  Wren is a professor of astronomy at Oxford University and an amateur architect. Before the lingering fire of the Gothic building’s ruins, Wren had already designed a new blueprint, bright, bright, and bright in stark contrast to the original dimness. At the time, Renaissance and Baroque visual arts had little impact on British culture. The British were so absorbed in their gratifying achievements in dramatic literature, poetry and music that they continued to use Gothic and Tudor styles in architecture. Since the Royal Architect Jones (1575-1652) visited Italy, there has been a revolution in British architecture. British architecture was later influenced by Palladio and Baroque features, but faster than anyone could have imagined. In 1666, King Charles II commissioned Christopher: Wren to redesign St Paul’s Cathedral. When Rennes designed the new St. Paul’s Cathedral, he learned from others and adopted an eclectic approach to the architectural style. Wren combined Jones, Palladio and the then popular Baroque and Rocco art styles to create his own unique “Wennes style”.
  In design, St. Paul’s Cathedral absorbed the advantages of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Although Rennes was influenced by Michelangelo’s extravagant style, he was impressed by Palladio’s architectural designs. Wren did not imitate Palladio’s architecture, but he chose the classical style as the basis for the architectural style of the cathedral. St. Paul’s Cathedral is a building designed in a neoclassical style, which is elegant and pure with the tranquility of pure Roman classicism, and has an early renaissance style. Although St. Paul’s Cathedral is generally in the classical style, each part has its own characteristics. Predominant is the dome, reminiscent of the dome of the Pantheon in Rome, the small church enlarged by Bramont. The façade is essentially classical, with pairs of Corinthian columns arranged in a baroque fashion, but the ornately decorated twin towers resemble Borromini’s multi-curve style. St Paul’s Cathedral is one of Rennes’ outstanding masterpieces and one of the few buildings in the UK with Baroque features.
  Structurally, St. Paul’s Cathedral consists of a nave, a north transept, aisles, basements and cloisters. Its main building is composed of two two-story cross-shaped buildings with a length of 150.5 meters and a width of 37.5 meters. There is a large gilded cross on the top of the dome. The part under the big dome that is higher than the Cross Building is a two-story round building. There is a circle of tall and straight circular stone pillars around it. On the top floor there is a balcony surrounded by a circle of stone railings. The main entrance of the church faces west, and in front of the door is a corridor composed of 6 pairs of tall circular stone columns. The herringbone wall on the upper part of the main entrance is engraved with the pattern of St. Paul’s mission to Damascus. At the top of the herringbone wall is a stone statue of St. Paul. At both ends of the building on the front of the church, there are a pair of bell towers that echo each other symmetrically. There are bronze bells hanging on the two bell towers, one of which weighs 17 tons, which is second to none in England. The whole cathedral is solemn and majestic. Despite the controversy surrounding Wren’s design, we can still see many of his original design concepts, “the most outstanding Greco-Roman architecture”, with arcades, domes and stone columns that make the space unpredictable.
  
  decoration and aesthetics
  
  The architectural scale of St Paul’s Church is enormous. The 20-ton stone was shipped from Dorset on the south coast. On the one hand, this huge and exquisite stone can reflect the noble beauty of religion, and at the same time it also condenses the religious sentiment of Christians. In St. Paul’s Cathedral, the vaulted hall is supported by square stone columns, the windows are inlaid with stained glass, huge oil paintings of the Virgin and the faithful, and there are exquisite carvings on the ceiling. The stained glass inlaid in the windows is one of the symbols of Gothic architecture, indicating that part of the Gothic architectural style is preserved in the decoration of the church. At the same time, the decoration of the church also reflects the distinctive Baroque and Locke characteristics. Baroque art is characterized by vibrant, gorgeous, luxurious, colorful, and often exaggerated, while Rocco is characterized by exquisite craftsmanship, extravagance and grotesqueness. The engraving of the choir seats, the gates of the temple and the ironwork of the spiral staircase in the patriarch’s quarters all reflect the Roquek art style.
  The Rocco style of the church is both charming and interesting. The interior of the church is extremely beautifully furnished: white stucco, gold paint, a lot of decoration, the north-south orientation of the church and the large windows with clear glass maximize their advantages. Most of the elegant decorations are wood carvings, and the “marble” pillars are wooden and painted like marble. The mischievous reddish-brown angel graces the stucco flower, above which the paint vault soars effortlessly. Despite the plethora of details, the overall effect is harmonious and the overall impression is one of mystery and excitement.
  Inside St. Paul’s Cathedral there are 8 pictures depicting the life of St. Paul. The pictures are drawn in a single tone, without any color. This kind of painting is like a line drawing in prose writing, pulling worshippers and visitors into the distant historical years. Spatial separation is a key feature of Baroque art, and St. Paul’s Church has a spacious interior set with organs played by Heidel and Mendelssohn. Seeing these pianos and the spacious hall, people seem to hear the loud chants of the church chorus accompanied by the elegant piano accompaniment. On the south side of the church is the throne of the Archbishop of London, whose decorative carvings are masterpieces by Gibbons; on the north side is the seat of the Mayor of London. The sight of these magnificently carved thrones evokes awe of the majesty of the bishop and the power of the mayor.
  
  cultural connotation
  
  St Paul’s Cathedral is not only a Christian chapel, it is also a symbol of the British national spirit. The new church that has re-emerged on the site of the original Gothic church has a profound meaning in itself. This is just like the motto of designer Rennes: “I can rise again”. Construction workers carved Wren’s inscription on the stone that marked the center of the church’s ruins. The British people are not afraid of setbacks, and their heroic and tenacious national spirit was fully demonstrated in World War II. Churchill summed up this spirit in his war memoirs: “In war, be resolute and resolute; in defeat, be tenacious and unyielding; in victory, be tolerant and honest; in peace, be friendly and friendly.”
  This is where the British government and the royal family held major ceremonies.
  In World War II, the state funeral of Prime Minister Qiu Yaner, who led the British heroically against the Fascist Dekos, was held here. The wedding of Prince Charles and Diana, Princess Spencer in 1981 was held on the high altar at the back of the church. The High Altar itself, a modern building rebuilt after the original Victorian altar screen was bombed, commemorates British citizens who died in the two world wars. In the south aisle, the only sculpture preserved in the Great Fire of London is the statue of John Dunn, the archbishop and poet of St Paul’s Cathedral in the early 17th century, which gives a strong shock.
  The crypt of St Paul’s Cathedral is the largest in Europe. Indoors there are many graves and monuments of heroes and artistic personalities. Among them are the tombs of the famous British Admiral Nelson and General Wellington who defeated Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815. Alexander Fleming, the inventor of penicillin, is also buried here. In addition, here are the tombs of famous British painters, musicians and many artists. The designer of the church, Wren, was also buried in the church after his death. There are 350 memorabilia and 100 graves of dignitaries and artists in the basement, but nothing about the architect. His epitaph is humorous and witty: “If you want my monument, look around.”