Architecture without an architect

Lalibela rock church

  The rock church of Lalibela, Ethiopia, was hewn out of the large red volcanic travertine that formed the Rasta Plateau, and is an extraordinary product of the 12th and 13th centuries Christian civilization flourished in Ethiopia.
  The most famous is St. George’s Church, which, like a sculpture, was built and hollowed out of a rock. The entire giant rock was carved into a regular cross shape. A huge cross is also carved on the flat roof. Nestled in a deep rock pit, with an underground passage connecting its entrance, the interior decoration and furnishings of the church are extremely modest and stately.

Floating Island on Lake Titicaca


  The island has “roots”. The island in the water is connected to the earth. So, are there islands floating away from the earth in the world? Some small islands in Lake Titicaca in Peru, South America, are “floating islands” with no roots (crust rock), and are known as rare wonders.
  Housing on the floating island is inseparable from reeds and papyrus. The islanders first weave reeds and papyrus into thick reed mats and papyrus mats, and then build small and exquisite houses. Many indoor utensils are also made of reeds and papyrus. The rhizomes of the reeds are fresh and delicious, and because they are readily available, the islanders eat them as snacks, and sometimes the rhizomes of the reeds can be used to make wine. Reed pollen is a good hemostatic. It is because of the reeds and papyrus that the residents of the floating island can spend thousands of years on the lake under the blue sky and white clouds.

Castle in the Sky

  The City in the Sky was built 2,500 years ago, about 120 kilometers north of Rome. It was built on the top of the mountain. When you look down, it is all cliffs. From a distance, it really looks like a castle in the sky, so it is called “City in the Sky”. “.
  This small slap city is less than 300 meters long and 200 meters wide, like an island city suspended in the air. The “city in the sky” is mysterious. There is no road, no means of transportation, and all modern means of transportation cannot enter the city. It is only connected to the outside world by a narrow long bridge, and there is no special travel book or information introduction. Mottled walls, ancient doors and windows, asymmetric structures and seemingly casual designs give people all kinds of reverie, and this architectural style also reflects people’s understanding of architectural aesthetics during the Renaissance.

mushroom house

  The mushroom houses of the Hani people in Yunnan, China, are shaped like mushrooms and are made of soil-based walls, bamboo and wood frames and thatched roofs. The roof has four slopes. The house is divided into three layers: the ground floor is closed for cattle and horses to store farm implements, etc.; the middle layer is laid with wooden boards, which are divided into left, middle and right rooms, and there is a square fire pit in the middle where fireworks are constantly flowing; the top layer is covered with soil, which can not only prevent fire, but also Stackable items. The roof has a flat-roofed “earth house” and a thatched house with double slopes and four slopes. Due to the steep terrain and the lack of flat ground, flat-roofed houses are more common, which can not only prevent fire, but also facilitate the use of roofs to dry grain, and the space is fully utilized. Beautiful shape, warm in winter and cool in summer.