The story begins in 1904, a year that is significant to both Picasso and Dali. This year, 23-year-old Picasso fell in love and gradually emerged from the depression caused by the death of a previous friend. The warm and delicate rose red on the brush gradually replaced the heavy and empty depression blue. On the canvas is an atmosphere of youth and love. This period is called the Pink Rose Period or the Rose Period (1904-1906).
In the same year, Dali was born in Figueras, a small town in northern Spain. Dali has shown extraordinary artistic talents early on. When he was 6 years old, he used various paints to paint on the white walls and white cloths at home to enjoy the joy of artistic creation. Dali’s father is a well-known lawyer and notary with a strong family background. His father established his first art studio by the sea for Dali. Dalí loved this seaside landscape, and in his works, he repeatedly appeared in his homeland, the great plains surrounding Figueras, and the Catalan coast with olive groves and pointed rocks. His most familiar works in China are “Eternity of Memory”, which appears in the art textbook of junior high school. The distant sea and the abrupt coast rocks are Dali’s portrayal of his hometown.
While Dali was still studying painting, in another part of Europe, Picasso, 22 years older than Dali, had already arrived in France and became famous as Dali’s idol.
In 1921, Dalí accelerated his pace to follow Picasso. He entered the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in Madrid, which was also Picasso’s alma mater. In 1926, the 22-year-old Dali became more and more abstract in his artistic performance, and his crazy surreal creation and academic teaching could not reach a consensus. Decent art education is no longer suitable for Dali. His art exams often fail, coupled with extreme self-confidence, leading him to be talented and have no teacher. He was eventually fired from the school.
Being fired may be a relief for Daley, because no one told him that the painting was right or wrong, and his art was free. He happily ran to Paris, not only because Paris has an art temple that is extremely tolerant of different art styles, but also because of his idol, Picasso, an elder celebrity older than himself. Dali felt that Picasso would not understand my art, even if the whole world didn’t understand my art. So Dalí went to Picasso with his works.
When Dali entered, he paid tribute to 46-year-old Picasso: “Sir, I came to visit you before going to the Louvre.” Picasso was more important to Dali than the Louvre. Picasso replied, “You did it right.” Dali took out a prepared work for Picasso to show, and Picasso then led Dali to visit his studio. After this meeting, Dalí was asked about his impression of Picasso. Dalí said the widely circulated saying: “Picasso is a Spanish, so is me; Picasso is a genius, me too; Picasso is world famous, I Also. ”
In 1929, Dali moved from Madrid to Paris, the city where Picasso lives and works, and brought his work to French galleries and salons. This is his first demonstration of “Dali-style surrealism.” Dali said: “I found the real expression of Dali-style surrealism from Picasso.” Dali’s exploration of the magic of “surrealism” in turn promoted the rigor of Picasso’s “cubism” Turn to Diverse Creation. The two stimulated each other’s artistic growth. In the end, Picasso also slowly admired Dali. At this point, the two were not only friends, but also their respective idols, mentors, and even opponents. In November of that year, for the first time, the art critics compared Dali with the legendary Picasso.
Picasso and Dali once painted each other’s portraits in the form of facial features. In 1923, “Salvador as a Clown” by Picasso, the figure in the painting is Dali; then, Dali created the famous portrait “Picasso in the 21st Century”. In the picture is a bust of Picasso, with his brain bare, liquid metal flowing over Picasso’s head, and the flesh of his chest has begun to melt. This is a typical Dali surrealist approach. It’s similar to most of Dali’s surrealist paintings: you can hardly confirm whether his painting expresses contempt or derogation to Picasso.
The competition peaked around 1958. In 1957, Picasso painted a series of works, parodying the most famous painter of Spain in the 17th century, Velázquez; one year later, Dali also started a series of imitations of Velázquez. Their depiction of the same subject in the same period made art critics half-jokingly say: “Sometimes the orderliness of their salute to each other makes me mistakenly think that they live next to each other!” Picasso also prepaid Dali’s traffic Fei, so that Dali could attend his first exhibition in the United States. Some people say that Picasso used his own money to establish a strong opponent.
In 1963, the Picasso Museum opened in Barcelona, and Dali donated his collection of cubist collages created by Picasso. In the end, no matter how they competed at the peak of the times, Dali still kept some love for Picasso and some respect for Picasso’s art without any comparison.