Treating ear diseases with drugs

  Some patients are convenient for the map, they will buy drugs themselves or find prescriptions to treat ear diseases, which not only delays diagnosis and treatment, but also causes serious complications. Now I will explain the general knowledge of otology medication for you.
  Ear nose drops drugs there
  are many ways the treatment of ear disease, drug therapy is the basic treatment, proper use of medication, vital for recovery of the disease.
  The scope of otology is wide. According to the type of drug, it can be divided into:
  5% sodium bicarbonate ear drops are often used to soften large and hard external auditory canal embolization, but it is not suitable for inflammation of the external auditory canal.
  3% hydrogen peroxide solution is often used to clean the external auditory canal and middle ear because of its cleansing action, but patients with cholesteatous otitis media are banned.
  Antibiotics It is important to note that antibiotics with ototoxicity are not available.
  Glucocorticoids such as dexamethasone, prednisone, etc., can not be used by hormone contraindications, such as hypertension, diabetes, peptic ulcer or bleeding disorders.
  In addition, there are also improved microcirculation drugs, nutrient nerve drugs, nerve growth factor biological agents, anti-vertigo drugs, analgesics, anti-allergy drugs and the like.
  It is worth emphasizing that sometimes nasal drops are needed to treat ear diseases, and patients should not think that doctors have made the wrong medicine. For example, 0.5% to 1% of chlorinated nasal drops can make blood vessels contract, reduce mucosal swelling, keep the nasal cavity and eustachian tube unobstructed, but can not be applied for a long time, so as not to cause drug-induced rhinitis.
  With the only effective medicine for ear drops
  Dropping into the external auditory canal, the drug may act directly on the affected area, to play a fuller efficacy, and therefore is an important method of treatment of the external auditory canal and middle ear disease. However, many patients are unable to obtain the desired therapeutic effect because they cannot master the correct method of dropping. The following is a brief introduction to the correct method of using ear drops.
  Before dropping the medicine, the patient can lie on the bed or sit on the chair with the head tilted to one side and the ear facing up. If the patient is a baby, the parent can hold it in his arms, the left hand holds the head, the right hand and the arm hold the child’s torso and hands, and the legs sandwich the child’s legs. Before dropping the liquid, clean the ear canal with a sterile cotton swab, or wash it with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution before dropping the liquid.
  Because the external auditory canal has a certain degree of inclination, when the baby is under the age of one, the parents can gently pull the child’s earlobe down, and then drop the liquid. For slightly older children, parents should gently pull the auricle to the back, so that the external auditory canal can be straightened, and then the liquid is slowly dripped, preferably 3 to 5 drops per drop. After the medicine drops, gently press the tragus with your fingers, so that the liquid is evenly distributed in the middle part of the middle ear, and the effect is fully exerted.
  If the eustachian tube is not blocked, the patient will feel the inflow of liquid in the throat after taking the medicine. The liquid through the eustachian tube can also play a role in anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, and swelling, and make it smooth, and at the same time facilitate the discharge of secretions from the middle ear and mastoid. After the medicine is dropped, the patient should keep the affected ear for a while, do not stand immediately, and wait until the liquid is slowly distributed into the tissue before moving. If both sides of the ear need medication, then after the end of one ear, wait a while and then drop the opposite side.
  It is also necessary to pay attention to the patient’s medication. The temperature of the liquid must be similar to the body temperature, so as to avoid adverse reactions such as dizziness, nausea and vomiting after the drug is too cold. You can hold the bottle for a few minutes by hand so that it is close to body temperature. When dropping the medicine, the dropping tube should not touch the wall of the external ear canal to avoid contamination of the liquid.
  Ear problems can not be random drug
  for the prevention of ear disease, hearing protection, it is recommended you suffering from ear problems, should go to hospital for treatment, not listen to random drug prescriptions.