Red-backed cormorant

  Red-backed salamanders have attracted the attention of scientists for its special appearance and huge number. This red-backed salamander, which is widely distributed in North American forests, is a special amphibian, which plays a vital role in forest ecological balance. Its role in storing forest carbon and stabilizing the food chain is more prominent than in other animals.
  These eastern red-backed magpies live in moist, dark corners, and especially like living under rocks, wood, and fallen leaves. They are widely distributed from Nova Scotia in Canada to Minnesota in the United States and all the way to northern California. Their traces. It also has a special ability: self-help by breaking the tail-when it encounters a predator, it will cut off its own tail and run away. Where the tail is broken, it will grow a new tail by itself, although the color of the new tail has already changed. Not as bright as before.
  Red-backed magpies like to eat a variety of small invertebrates, including some insects and worms. Their greedy habits and extremely large numbers make them a very important part of the food chain in the forest. By hunting insects, the red-backed magpie can control the number of insects and maintain the balance of the forest food chain.
  Red-backed cormorants contain a large amount of protein, so they are also meat-rich foods for raccoons, snakes, wild turkeys and other animals. In this way, red-backed magpies have become an important part of the food chain from small insects to larger forest animals.
  In a 2014 research study, scientists found that some invertebrates and other interstitial organisms in the forest will accelerate the decay of fallen leaves and release a large amount of carbon dioxide. However, due to the presence of red-backed salamanders in the forest, which controls their number, they can reduce the rate of leaf decay in the forest by 15%, which indicates that these salamanders can store 80 tons of carbon in the forest each year. These are quite Carbon emissions from more than 100 kilometers in 10,000 cars. Due to the red-backed cricket, the decay rate of deciduous dead branches is slowed down, and these deciduous leaves can continue to provide nutrients for more other organisms, which makes the forest surface vegetation more stable and can store more nutrients. The nutrients are left to other animals in the forest.
  Such widely distributed species have not yet faced real threats to survival, but they have also encountered some disturbing problems. A recent study has also discovered a fungus called dysentery fungus that kills tadpoles. Scientists worry that if this fungus spreads from the United States to Asia as a whole, it will have a carry on the rest of the world With unimaginable catastrophic consequences, it is also difficult for forests to keep their ecosystems stable.
  The role of red-backed pheasants in forest ecosystems cannot be underestimated. Their survival deserves our attention and protection.