As we all know, medication treatment over the course of treatment is not only not conducive to improving the condition, but may also lead to aggravation of the condition. The United States “prevention” magazine has summarized several cases of overtime may aggravate the condition of the disease. As far as China is concerned, patients in the following situations should pay special attention to avoid overtime when taking medication.
Nasal drops containing vasoconstrictor
The application of nasal drops containing vasoconstrictor components makes people feel unobstructed during nasal congestion, and is therefore commonly used. Common vasoconstrictor drugs include pseudoephedrine, phenylephrine, and oxymetazoline hydrochloride. Such drugs can make the nasal mucosa vasoconstriction and relieve the symptoms of nasal congestion, but long-term use will damage the nasal mucosa and cause drug-induced rhinitis. Therefore, the continuous use of nasal drops containing such drugs is generally not more than 5 days, if the symptoms are still Seek medical attention immediately if it does not relieve.
When the skin is itchy, people often use ointments containing hormones to relieve itching. Commonly used hormones are fluocinolone acetonide, mometasone furoate, clobetasol propionate, triamcinolone acetonide, and hydrocortisone. However, the initial use of these ointments is very effective. After long-term use, the antipruritic effect is getting worse and worse, and even the itching of the skin is more frequent. Long-term use can also lead to skin atrophy, telangiectasia, hyperpigmentation, secondary infection, etc. . General topical hormonal ointment recommended for 1 to 2 weeks, should not exceed 4 weeks, if the symptoms have not improved, you should seek medical advice.
In the case of pain, people often use over-the-counter (OTC) antipyretic analgesics to relieve discomfort. Common analgesics include ibuprofen, acetaminophen, and aspirin. These drugs relieve moderate pain, but are almost ineffective for traumatic pain and cramps caused by visceral smooth muscle spasms. When an over-the-counter analgesic is used to relieve pain, it should not be more than 5 days.
In addition, such analgesics have a dose “ceiling effect”, that is, when the drug reaches a certain dose, the analgesic effect will not increase with the increase of the dose, but the long-term use does not produce drug resistance and addiction. Sex. When you have fever, you usually use antipyretic and analgesic drugs to reduce fever. These drugs should be used when the body temperature is higher than 38.5 °C, and should not be used for more than 3 days. If the symptoms are not improved, you should seek medical advice promptly to avoid delay. .
Eye drops containing vasoconstrictor
For conjunctival hyperemia caused by excessive eye, the eyes are dry, and eye drops containing vasoconstrictor components can be used to relieve eye discomfort, such as eye drops containing naphazoline or oxymetazoline. However, the long-term use of such eye drops may affect local blood circulation, which may aggravate the congestive symptoms of the conjunctiva. Generally use for 3 to 7 days, if the symptoms have not improved, you should seek medical advice. Dry eye discomfort can also be relieved with artificial tears, but if you have dry eye symptoms associated with inflammatory reactions or tear film destruction, you need medical attention.
These drugs should not be used continuously for more than one month, otherwise they may develop resistance. In the treatment of an anti-allergic drug, if the symptoms are not significantly improved, other anti-allergic drugs with different mechanisms of action may be used.
When using the above drugs for treatment, you should pay attention to the time of medication, and avoid overdose. When the symptoms have not been significantly improved after administration, it is not advisable to use the drug for a long time. The rational way is to seek medical advice promptly and find out the cause so as not to delay the disease.