In addition to the ecologically dominant utopian vision, futurists have conceived various types of utopian homes that meet the future of human life in terms of the realities and needs of human habitation.
Ingenious community designed for the poor
In the future, all economically disadvantaged people may have their own houses. Even if you are a refugee, you can get a new shelter, because some architects in Europe and America are already designing super affordable housing that is very cheap.
An American architect firm found a way to lower the threshold for buying a home, which is to reduce the cost of building and designing the home (in the United States, the cost is half of the purchase price of a home). To this end, the architect firm designed a magical house, Hex House. Hex House is a two-bedroom, 40-square-meter residential assembly box that homeowners can assemble with simple tools. These assembly boxes include lightweight, sturdy and energy-efficient insulated building boards and a variety of assembly parts.
European architects have placed their minds more on refugees. In Paris, France and Spain, the team of architects jointly designed a small house called “In My Backyard” (in my backyard). “In My Backyard” is also spliced and flexible in size, located on the estate of European residents who are willing to share the backyard with refugees. But “In My Backyard” doesn’t just mean a place to live. Architects are working with universities in France and Spain to develop the “In My Backyard” construction process into a training class. Refugees worked with the promoters of “In My Backyard” to build their own homes and learn the skills to help them find architectural jobs in the city. When the training session is over and the house is completed, the refugees will receive a certificate as a proof of integration into urban life.
New car city
In the big city of southwestern California, Los Angeles, where trams were popular, they invigorated urban development. However, several car companies colluded and planned to acquire the tram company step by step, and then gradually shut down the tram.
The automotive industry has indeed developed, but gasoline tail gas pollution has spread in large cities. Los Angeles has been the region with the most serious air pollution in the United States for many years. As a result, more and more people are calling for the restoration of trams in the city, which will allow the city’s air to be re-cleaned.
It is estimated that at the end of the century, world oil exploitation will be exhausted, and cars that run everywhere will be “nothing”, but they can also be recycled and used as part of dense buildings in the city. This will be a new architectural style. . Small cars make the building naturally form a small and exquisite structure. People live and work in such a structure, and they will be more closely connected. At the same time, it also means that big cities such as Los Angeles will no longer need to expand to the outside, rural areas and fields can continue to remain as they are, and the original ecosystem will not be destroyed.
Urban expressways will gradually shrink and be converted into vegetation greenways. People can take a walk on it, take a bike excursion, exercise, leisure, or build it into an ecological corridor, making it a unique landscape in the city, and even open a paradise for wildlife here.
Let the death waterfall regenerate
In central South America, the Parana River passes through Paraguay and Brazil, and at the border junction, the river forms a natural and beautiful waterfall, the Guaira Falls. This is a steep valley. The Parana River has been reduced from 381 meters wide to 61 meters wide, with a total drop of 114 meters. A total of 18 large and small waterfalls are formed, collectively known as Guaira Falls. The waterfalls are stirring in the canyons, flying down, and thundering, and the rainbows are hanging high and beautiful all year round.
However, in the early 1980s, the governments of Paraguay and Brazil fudged the construction of hydropower stations, so the Brazilian government blew up some of the large stones that the waterfalls flowed through and built large dams. When the dam was completed and the hydropower station was completed, the Guaira Falls group was completely flooded by the reservoir and the natural landscape no longer existed. For this reason, people in Guaira City are very sad.
However, futurists believe that there is no need to be too sad, because over time, after more than 100 years, the reservoir dam will collapse due to disrepair, negligence, etc., Guaira will regain control of their land and then do their best. Repair the waterfall. At that time, Guaira Falls will be reborn and reappear in front of the world. The city of Guaira will also be built into a beautiful eco-city with a new attitude to attract tourists from all over the world.
Building a house on the tree for flood control
Accra, the capital of Ghana, is located in the western part of the African continent and borders the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. It is one of the most modern and richest cities in Africa. However, it is affected by the Atlantic monsoon, and it is hit by a flood every year. The disaster is serious. In recent years, due to the impact of climate change, coupled with the unplanned construction of the surrounding waters, the dumping of domestic garbage and the destruction of the ecological environment have caused the flooding of Accra to occur frequently, and people’s living environment has become worse and worse.
How will people survive in the future? Some scientists have given bold plans to build houses on trees. Considering the geographical situation of Accra and the flood control function of the forest, it is the best way to plan trees and build low-cost tree houses on the trees. In 2121, this house would be a very good ecological home.
According to this plan, it is also possible to save the deteriorating deforestation in Ghana. It is expected that by 2121, forests will become a major landscape in this country. Akra people should strive to protect local forest resources and reduce environmental damage caused by logging, mining and oil industries.
New Amundsen: The City of Antarctica
Today, Antarctica is not inhabited except for the expedition, but in the next century, the situation will be different. As the global climate continues to warm, by the next century, the Antarctic ice sheet is likely to melt, and the Antarctic continent is exposed to the world, which makes energy development in Antarctica feasible and economic value more prominent.
In the history of mankind, Norwegian Amundsen first arrived at the South Pole. In the future, Norway is also the first to establish a town in the Antarctic and to exploit oil and gas resources. This new town will be named – New Town of Amundsen. People will use high technology to build various infrastructures, and schools, parks, plazas and other places are convenient and practical. At that time, the oil workers and their families working in Antarctica can live freely in the town and have a stable and comfortable living space. They have excellent working conditions, enjoy high salary, can walk to and from work, and can also hold impromptu concerts and drink for fun.
In addition, oil and gas energy companies are constantly innovating technology. In the future, the oil and gas mining in New Amundsen will no longer need to build a lot of pipelines as they used to, and they will be stacked on the Antarctic continent. Instead, they will use new technologies to complete transportation tasks with giant balloons. These container-like giant balloons float in the air, filled with natural gas, and floated along the sea to the oil markets around the world.
In fact, as long as we have enough imagination and the rapid development of technology, there will be endless possibilities for future human settlements, far more than just the reinforced concrete jungle, the streets full of cars, the crowded and noisy business districts. It will be a beautiful home full of fun, fun and life.