More than 100 pyramids scattered on the west bank of the Nile are miracles built by ancient Egyptians about 4,500 years ago. The Egyptian pyramid has brought us an infinite mystery. Its orientation is very much in line with astronomical knowledge. Its size is exquisite. Around the ancient Egyptians how to build these huge buildings, people have been talking about it.
In the mystery about the pyramid, there is a mystery that most puzzles the archaeologists: Why is the location of the pyramid constantly changing?
When it comes to the pyramids of Egypt, in the minds of many people, it will be equivalent to the three giant pyramids near Giza – the Khufu Pyramid, the Khafre Pyramid and the Mengkara Pyramid. Between 2600 BC and 2450 BC, Pharaoh Khufu and his son Hafra and his grandson Mengkara built their pyramids on the edge of the Giza Desert Plateau. These three pyramids have stood tallest and attracted the world. Eyes.
In fact, Egypt’s earliest pyramid of stone materials is a stepped pyramid built in Sagara near Memphis, Egypt’s ancient capital, which has been around for more than 4,600 years. The second pyramid was also built in this place. But soon, Egypt entered the fourth dynasty, the most prosperous period in the ancient kingdom. Hufu decided to build his great pyramid in Giza, far from Memphis. In the next 100 years, the pyramids of Pharaoh were basically built in the Giza area. .
But after the establishment of the Fifth Dynasty, the first Pharaoh built his pyramid back into Saqqara. Later, the pharaohs chose another location, Absill, which became another important construction site for the Egyptian pyramids. At least four important pharaohs, Sahura, Neferkara, and Shepsekla New Zealand built the pyramid here.
From the late fifth dynasty, the construction site of the pyramid returned to Saqqara, and several pharaohs built their pyramids here.
Segara, Giza, Absir… For nearly 400 years, for some mysterious reasons, the pharaohs of ancient Egypt changed the construction sites of the pyramids from time to time. From the engineering point of view, their actions It is very abnormal.
Because the construction of the pyramid is a huge project, it requires tens of thousands of laborers to work together, as well as various infrastructures, such as labor shelters, raw material transportation roads, food delivery systems, and so on. Every time a construction site is relocated, it means that the infrastructure of the old site will be abandoned and the infrastructure of the new site will be rebuilt. The amount of construction of the pyramid has been enormous, and the replacement of the construction site, waste of manpower and material resources, is too heavy burden for the ancient civilization with weak economic foundation and low science and technology. If there is no strong reason to unite people from all over the country, the Pharaohs are free to change the construction site of their mausoleum. It is purely tossing and will inevitably arouse the boycott of the officials and the people. The project is bound to be difficult to carry out.
What is the mysterious reason that prompted Pharaohs to change the construction site? How do they consider the new location?
Geologists have proposed an explanation that the change in the location of the pyramid is due to stone considerations.
For example, most of the pyramids are constructed of limestone because of its many advantages, such as compaction, rock stratification, easy mining, and limestone in many parts of Egypt. Giza is a mining area for limestone, where there are more stones and the terrain is relatively flat, making it easy to build huge buildings. Hufu and his son and grandson took a fancy to the stone of Giza, where they built the three pyramids of Giza that passed away.
However, the stone in one place will always be exhausted. In addition to the pyramid, the stone is used to cover the temple and the residence. The pharaoh of the third dynasty exhausted the stone of Giza in 100 years, and the later pharaohs moved to other limestones. Produced places, such as Absail and Saqqara, use the stone there to build their own pyramids.
Stacking huge pyramids often requires millions of tons of stone, so the source and availability of the stone is indeed a problem that Pharaoh has to face. However, this interpretation of geologists is now increasingly questioned by scholars.
First of all, when the ancient Egyptians built the pyramids, they not only used local materials, but also used local stone. They also built roads that lead to distant places and transported high-quality stones from distant mountains. Therefore, the pyramids do not have to be built in stone production areas. Secondly, the construction site of the pyramid often turns around and returns to the place where the pyramids were built, such as the Saqqara area, where the birthplace of the first stone pyramid, and hundreds of years later, ancient Egyptian architecture Although the division has fought in various places, there are still Pharaohs who choose to build their pyramids in Saqqara from time to time. This obviously cannot be explained by the exhaustion of stones.
Recent research on the arrangement of pyramids in Egypt adds a mystery to the mystery of the pyramid building.
At first glance, the construction of the Egyptian pyramids seems to be irregular. For example, the three pyramids of Giza are arranged in order from northeast to southwest, but the centers of the three pyramids are not in a straight line. Moreover, the height of the pyramid is also irregular. For example, the pyramid of Mengkara is on the high ground, so it seems that it is even larger than the pyramid of Hufu. In fact, the height and volume of the building is the largest. So for a long time, pyramid researchers have thought that there is no regularity in the arrangement of the pyramids.
But recently, when scholars are studying the pyramid arrangement, they do not connect the center points of the pyramids, but choose one of their corners to connect, and an amazing secret appears in their writings!
For the three pyramids of Giza, their southeast corner is a straight line. Is this just a coincidence? Do not! As we mentioned earlier, Absir is the location of another important pyramid complex, where the three important pyramids – the Pyramid of Sahura, the Pyramid of Nefercara, the Pyramid of Shepseskara, one of their corners The line is also a straight line, except that this angle is not the southeast corner of the pyramid, but the northwest corner. They are also arranged in order from northeast to southwest.
Let’s go to another important location, Segara, to have a look. The pyramids there were built by Pharaohs in different periods, so they looked very messy and there seemed to be no rules. But the two pyramids that were first built, and the two longest pyramids ever discovered, are arranged in the northeast to southwest. The main pyramids in Sa and other places are in the same order.
The connection of the pyramid is a straight line. The order of seating is from northeast to southwest. Many pyramid construction sites have such a pattern. Obviously this has nothing to do with the origin of the stone. Then, what is the reason for the Egyptians to lay such a strange and neat pyramid puzzle on the vast land?
Since pyramid groups in many places can be connected in a line, if we extend these links around, will they intersect at one point?
That’s right! Whether it is Giza, Absill or Saqqara, the connection of several major pyramids intersects in the northeast direction, and this is the famous ancient city of Egypt, Heliopolis, which has disappeared!
What kind of city is Heliopolis? According to historical records, there is a city of the sun god in the eyes of ancient Egyptians. There was a splendid temple of the sun in the city. When the pyramid researchers discovered that the pyramids intersected in Heliopolis, the mystery of the pyramid construction site was finally solved.
The Egyptian Pharaoh built the pyramid not only to use this building as his own tomb, but also to give the pyramid an important religious meaning. Since the connection of the pyramid points to the Temple of the Sun, if you look at the pyramids around the Sun Temple, such as the three pyramids of Giza, you will only see the huge Pyramid of Khufu, and the pyramids of Khafre and The pyramids of Mengkara are blocked by the huge figure of the Hufu pyramid. In Absill and Saqqara, the situation is similar. Whether it is the southeast corner or the northwest corner, the pyramids in the northeast cover the pyramids in the southwest.
Thus, the pyramids everywhere seemed to be neatly arranged to pay tribute to the sun god, extending from the direction of the temple of the sun, and the other end of the line penetrated into the vast desert. On the eastern shore of the Nile, in addition to a small early stepped pyramid, almost all the pyramids are arranged on the west bank of the Nile. If the sun god really looks at the west bank of the Nile from the Temple of the Sun, he will see this spectacular and respectful array of pyramids. He will definitely be “Long Yan Da Yue” and care for the people he shelters. The ancient Egyptians are Think so.
From the names of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs, we can find more evidence that they built a well-arranged pyramid, indeed to pay tribute to the sun god. Look at the names of the Egyptian pharaohs we mentioned earlier. Many of the names of the names are “pull”, and “pull” is the name of the ancient Egyptian sun god! The meaning of the name of Pharaoh Havra is “the crown of the pull”. The meaning of the name of Pharaoh Mengkara is “the power of pull always exists”… These names all express the pious respect of Pharaoh to the sun god.
Since the pharaohs and subjects are so revered to the sun god, it is reasonable to construct a neat array of pyramids to worship the sun god. Perhaps the pyramids were only the idea in the minds of the ancient Egyptian pharaohs, and they had decided to build neat pyramidal buildings on the earth.
There is another question left about the pyramid puzzle. That is why after the construction of the three pyramids of Giza, the pharaohs who followed did not follow the line connecting the southeast corner of the pyramid and continued to build the pyramid in the southwest. But moved to other locations?
Pyramid researchers have no definitive answer. The current guess is that the Mengkara Pyramid is already at the junction of the highlands and deserts on the west bank of the Nile. If the Pharaohs continue to build pyramids along the line, they must build their pyramids deep into the desert, which means It is hard to imagine the difficulty of transporting stones to the hot, remote desert. Moreover, on the scale, the Mengkara Pyramid is much smaller than the Khufu Pyramid and the Khafre Pyramid. This also seems to indicate that the arduousness of the project has greatly increased when Mengkara built the pyramid at the border between the plateau and the desert.
The more you go to the desert, the harder the project will be, so the later Pharaoh gave up the original plan to build a pyramid in Giza, and turned to Absail to start a new stove, building a pyramid on a new line, as long as this line is also pointing Heliopolis is all right.
There is another speculation: if you stand in the Temple of the Sun in Heliopolis, looking at Giza, Absir, and another important pyramid group in Abravac, the three places are vertically upwards, pointing to the night sky. Southern Cross Centaur, Sirius and the base of the ship, the composition of the ground pyramid group and the composition of the night sky constellation are the same.
If the pyramid array is repaired to the sun god, then the ancient Egyptian pharaohs changed the construction site of the pyramid, perhaps not just the engineering difficulty. They actually made a huge and careful plan very early, simulating the composition of the starry sky, and For centuries, I did not hesitate to work hard, and realized this plan step by step at various locations on the west bank of the Nile, giving the Sun God a complete and grand miracle.
We don’t know who the original planners of this plan are, or whether the plan is really finished, or only a small part. In addition, is such a huge plan really just to offer gifts to the sun god? Is it possible to construct a pyramid on the ground in accordance with the composition of the starry sky, and does it have the intention of transmitting information to distant alien civilizations?
Once we get into the pyramid mystery, we will get deeper and deeper.