Will the process of destroying the planetary environment continue?
These questions came from the second season of the National Geographic Channel’s “Mars” documentary. This episode explores how future conflicts will be impacted if government-funded scientific research conflicts with private companies.
Despite the technological advances brought by the early aerospace industry, climate change and environmental degradation have been exacerbated by corporate greed and lack of regulation, which has become a hot topic of attention today.
Documentary co-executive producer Steven Petranic said: “Business interests are always in conflict with scientific interests. We are now making this program to spark discussion and begin to reflect on how we will take a different planet on Mars. Action on.”
As in the first season, the second season will also consist of fictional scenes that may be staged in the future, with comments from scientists, historians and astronauts. The year of the show is scheduled to be 2042, after scientists have established a base on Mars for 9 years. By then, there will be a research team of 200 people in the Mars base, and private companies to extract water resources will also begin to threaten the Mars ecosystem.
Oil and energy analyst Antonia Yuhas said: “The key to this episode is the discussion it has raised, that is, whether the process of destroying the planetary environment will continue.”
Yujas said that this similarity with our situation today makes people understand the urgency of this issue. Will the extraction of water for Martian residents follow the pattern we use for resource extraction on Earth, a model that makes the Earth almost uninhabitable for most people, especially fossil fuels?
Yujas added: “When we develop resources on Mars, do we have to learn from the mistakes of the earth: not only to respect this planet, but also to respect human ability to survive on Mars?”
Who owns space?
In 1967, the United Nations established the first of five treaties, outlining the will to peaceful use of outer space and forming the core of the Space Act. However, as the space commercialization process accelerates, newer and more stringent rules are needed. Diversification and conflicts make international consensus more difficult to achieve, and also allow individual countries to self-regulate under the lobbying of relevant industries.
Petranik said: “We signed the treaty in 1967, basically confirming that no country can claim to occupy anything other than the Earth’s orbit. But if people invest in Mars, they will want to have something. ”
In his book, Petranik said that looking forward to the future, Mars will provide a particularly attractive base for exploiting the wealth of metals located in the asteroid belt. Compared to Earth, Mars is not only closer to the asteroid belt, but also provides a lighter and cheaper launching gravity. These minerals will support sustainable economic development on Mars.
The US Congress is now weighing two bills on asteroids and scientific resources. Juhas said: “These regulations are completely deregulation, allowing the US government to play a role in promoting the development of asteroids and Mars resources.”
She also said: “The attempt to build a legal framework is driven by the enterprise. We hope that this program will let more people know that we need to make a sound in this regard. When we enter space, how to build a system. Where is needed There is a regulatory mechanism dedicated to protecting what can be found on Mars, making it a place where we can continue to sustain our lives, rather than destroying the Earth so that it cannot sustain our existence.”
How to prevent the same mistake?
American space shuttle astronaut May Jamieson, who helped train actors, believes that stories like Mars Rescue can make people better understand the problem. She said: “Sometimes, if we imagine things happen somewhere in the future, we can see more clearly.”
How we succeed in exploring Mars to colonizing Mars and then commercializing Mars will depend largely on the leader. In the harsh environment of space and Mars, a layered approach is needed to help Mars colonization evolve into a sustainable development model.
Space Shuttle astronaut Leland Melvin said: “There is no provision for who has any space policy or law, and this must have good leadership, because both must exist in a harmonious way.”
Participants in the Mars documentary also have differences as to the ability of humans to learn from their mistakes. Historian Susan Wise Bauer said: “We are destined to fail, and we will repeat the same mistakes. The problem of Mars colonization and the conflict between science and business enterprises lies in the need for scientific support in the scientific community. We cannot It bears the huge cost of pure research. Scientific research is usually sponsored by pharmaceutical companies, universities, etc. This will make things more entangled, as well as stakeholders, and people will even compromise without knowing it. ”
“Mars Rescue” writer Andy Weil is more optimistic, at least in a sense, the pursuit of economic interests can bring benefits.
He said: “The relentless pursuit of profit has led companies to invest huge sums of money in research. If there is a way to transfer profits to Mars, then the company will spend billions of dollars to study how to reach Mars at a low cost, which in turn can Let people reach Mars. The best analogy I can think of is the ill-treated pharmaceutical industry. They are really making money, but the relentless pursuit of profit has made them create a lot of drugs for people.”
Petranik said that the harsh environment of Mars may not allow people to choose between business and scientific priorities. He said: “On Mars, we need to act in a smarter way than on Earth. This is determined by the survival mechanism. You can’t just think about pursuing pure commercial interests. When you are forced to recycle everything. At the time, it will completely change the attitude of people working together, whether they are scientists or industrial giants.”