When do humans start to be thin and beautiful?

Why are primitive people fat?
In the weight loss advertising everywhere, fat is everyone’s desire to get rid of it and then quickly, if you really invented the time machine, I believe that the Stone Age will be the first ideal place for the fat people.

In the early harsh living environment, both men and women need to engage in social work or family work, and women have a strong body and can have an advantage in survival. In prehistoric times, the strongest beauty that can be brought to humans is “breeding of the population” and “continuation of race”. The ancestors who have no way to explain the fertility problem naturally respect women, and the strong figure that represents reproductive ability is naturally affected by the opposite sex. Appreciation.

Therefore, we see that the styling features of the unearthed stone age female body image are the breast, the fat buttocks, the belly, and the overall image. Even in the period of writing, the utilitarian aesthetic of fertility is still deeply rooted. For example, the word “good”, regardless of the golden scorpion, its structure is from the female to the child, women who can not have more children are not good women. In such an aesthetic culture, the self-esteem of fat people has been greatly satisfied. Jianshuo means not only fertility, but also power.

The beautiful age of fat people – Western medieval
The Western Roman Empire died in 476. In the long medieval period of more than a thousand years, Europe has been shrouded in years of war, plague and various natural disasters.

The memories of hunger and turmoil go hand in hand. The population has fallen sharply, and most ordinary people are worried about being able to feed their stomachs. People can see skinny, hungry women everywhere. In contrast, mellow, fat-wrapped women have become the target of men’s pursuit. Frequent famines and disasters cause most people’s stomachs to be unsatisfied, and only very wealthy people can eat unrestrained. Therefore, a full and even fat body is considered a privilege and the most intuitive of the upper class. Sign.

In this period, weight loss is not a problem, how to become fuller and fatter is the problem. The German historian Joachim Bumke pointed out in the book “The Court Culture” that the medieval court is an indispensable feature of the “jud chin” in the judging criteria of the beauty. The fear of the subconscious of extinction has made the “truth” that “full women are more likely to have children” has been organically integrated into the love of men and women before the Renaissance.

Why do people start to “skinny”?
The emergence of obese people and obesity have been rejected by society, and they all have a lot to do with modern lifestyles.

The industrial revolution of the 18th century completely overturned the classical farming civilization. Modern lifestyles and emerging transportation have drastically reduced the cost of food growing and transportation. In the 1920s, railways became popular and steamships appeared. Food transportation between different regions and even different countries became cheap and rapid. In the 1860s, the invention of preservatives allowed food to be stored for a longer period of time; 1903 Trans fatty acids have been discovered and used in large quantities in packaged foods, fried foods in restaurants, and kept food for months without damage. In the 19th century, due to the improvement of material life, more and more farmers and workers were born, and obesity was no longer a patent of the upper class in the West.

Advances in science have led people to realize that inadequate energy consumption can lead to obesity. This recognition led to the transformation of European food culture, where traditional sumptuous meals were replaced by fine, healthy middle-class cuisine. The Frenchman Bria Savalan pointed out in his book “Taste Physiology” that food is a rational study, and the premise of food is to control weight and maintain body shape. Overeating has since been regarded as the opposite of food.

However, it is worth noting that before the 20th century, most people’s pursuit of slenderness and slenderness remained in the upper class. In the lower classes, people still pursue full-fledged and strong women. It can be said that the early modern era is an era in which the fat and thin image is equally divided.

It’s just a matter of nearly 100 years
At the beginning of the 20th century, with the accelerated pace of life brought about by industrialized society and the rise of modern entertainment, Westerners’ fundamentals of body shape changed radically. If people used to keep their bodies mainly for the beauty of the image, then from the 20th century, the figure was given an unprecedented social meaning.

People gradually realized the danger of obesity, and for the first time made the concept of “diet” a well-known healthy fashion. The article published in the Lancet in 1933 wrote: “Today, dieting has become a buzzword about weight loss.” The emergence of a special vocabulary for weight loss shows that the number of people losing weight is no longer a minority.

On July 5, 1945, after Paris fashion designer Louis Reid invented the “bikini”, obesity was completely associated with unfashion. Driven by this concept, the weight loss column is classified in the “fashion column” in various newspapers and magazines. At the same time, countless movies, advertisements and posters with the theme of “beauty”, “beach” and “bikini” are constantly strengthening this concept.

In 1950, biophysicist John Goffman of the University of California at Berkeley believed that cholesterol levels were strongly associated with coronary heart disease and found that cholesterol-containing lipoproteins in the blood were associated with heart disease. Studies have shown that obesity is related to blood lipoproteins. Studies on hypertension and hyperlipidemia have also confirmed that obesity is a very important cause of disease, and scientists and doctors have joined the “anti-obesity” tide.

In 1972, Ansel Keith’s “Chronic Disease Diary” officially adopted BMI (Body Mass Index, referred to as body mass index) to measure the body fatness and thinness.

Under the precise measurement of BMI, scientists can count the proportion of fat people in a region and a country. At this time, obesity is not a personal matter of the individual, but the whole society is relishing things.

At the same time, the meaning of thinness has undergone a fundamental change. Skinny is a symbol of death or illness in classic art, but by the 20th century, thinness meant exquisiteness. Energetic faces, muscles without excess fat, and slim body have become ideal examples of the feminine beauty of the new era.

The 20th century coincided with the rapid development of the mass media, the emergence of fashion magazines, newspapers, and television, which made the aesthetic trend for the first time helped by the mass media. Therefore, thin is the United States quickly and unquestionably occupy the hegemonic status of women’s aesthetic.

If the thin, thin waist dance of the previous waist is still a noble woman’s demand for women, then in the 20th century, the ordinary people also accepted the “truth” of thinness and beauty.

What are the benefits of thinning?
In order to be thinner and more beautiful, how many girls have embarked on the “crazy” way to lose weight. Is the woman really thinner and more beautiful? Scientists have studied the amount of fat in the most attractive female body.

The research team surveyed more than 1,300 volunteers from 10 different countries – allowing respondents to rank a series of female contours by attractiveness. Respondents ranged from male to female and from different countries.

The researchers used the BMI index to represent the fatness and thinness of women. The thinner the person, the smaller the BMI value. The above study found that respondents in all countries, regardless of gender, ranked the results very similarly, and the attractiveness of women was inversely related to the degree of obesity in their bodies. In other words, people do think that women who are thinner are more attractive. In addition, the study also found that there was a significant correlation between the respondents’ predictions of model age and the actual BMI of the model.

The results of the study are a good explanation of the psychological mechanism by which people are thin and beautiful – people usually think that the most attractive women’s body fits perfectly with the BMI of young women with the strongest fertility and viability in the future.