New technology exploration of Stonehenge underground
In 2003, Parker Pearson of the University of London conducted a separate investigation, focusing on settlements in the vicinity of the Durlington Wall and the River Avon. Based on the huts, tools and animal bones he found, he concluded that it was probably the craftsmen who lived near the wall of Durlington who built Stonehenge. Based on the analysis of the human remains that were later excavated near Stonehenge, he speculated that it was far from being a place for daily religious activities, and Stonehenge was still the burial site for the dead.
The research on the Stonehenge Hidden Landscape Project is different from what was done before. Gaffney and his team are more interested in data than theoretical speculation. For this purpose, they focus on 3D imagery in a 3 meter deep underground landscape. “Expanding what we know about the monument, with data,” said Gaffney.
Gaffney’s brother Chris Gaffney is one of the proponents of this new approach. The brothers’ grandfather was a teacher interested in archaeology in Newcastle. He had a bright grandson to visit the famous Great Wall of Great Wall on the British Isles of Hadrian, the northern defensive barrier established by the Roman Empire. So it is not surprising that Vince grew up to be an archaeologist and his brother Chris became a geophysicist at the university.
The Gavni brothers’ interest in new technologies led them to use the GPS navigation magnetometer system in archaeological research. The magnetometer’s sensors allow geophysicists to see underground historic buildings and monuments based on changes in the underground magnetic field. The remains of the ancient gully excavation. The GPS navigation system can be accurately positioned with an error of no more than 1 cm. Gaffney believes that Stonehenge researchers need a huge radar magnetometer and radar to facilitate a complete site survey of Stonehenge. “We don’t know what’s there, so there are many different assumptions about things we don’t know.”
At about the same time, the archaeologists of Wolfgang Neubauer hope to promote large-scale archaeology with GPS magnetometers and ground penetrating radars throughout Europe. Neubauer’s team also developed software that can process 40 to 50 megabytes of raw data in a single day, so that researchers can wait until weeks or even months before the instrument is discovered. Magnetometers and radars can cover more than 2,000 square meters in a day, and the information can be displayed on the screen almost instantly.
Stonehenge is also one of the areas where Neubauer wants to scan with these instruments. In the spring of 2009, he contacted Vince Gaffney. A few months later, they began a joint investigation of Stonehenge.
Gaffney recalled that on the first day of the scene, “just like a geophysical mission”, the fleet of squatters, with precision instruments such as ground penetrating radar and magnetometer sensors, walked on uneven ground. Above, “These instruments were put into work the next day, and the on-site inspection day was 120 days, which lasted 4 years.” Gaffney said.
Stonehenge underground hidden new clues
The University of Birmingham’s multimedia classroom has a huge touch screen that displays a newly-painted panorama of Stonehenge, and Gaffney stands in front of some of the major landscapes of Stonehenge.
The Stonehenge itself is in a circular circle that people are familiar with. On the north side is a slender ditch that is nearly 3 kilometers from east to west, called the Dagu Ditch of Kosas. William Strickley, an 18th-century ancient artifact researcher, named it Cosas because it looked a lot like the ancient Roman racecourse. It was built hundreds of years earlier than the earliest megalithic monument in Stonehenge. Gaffney also pointed out that the ancient tomb of Stonehenge, a mountain where many human bones were buried, is on the south side of the Dagu Ditch.
Some unmarked black spots scattered on the map are new discoveries, including more than 15 Neolithic relics that may be new or poorly known. Gaffney emphasized the possibility of their existence, but to confirm that it is still necessary to excavate – “to prove with a shovel” – to really find out what is there.
In the face of this series of newly discovered evidence, he seems unable to decide where to start first, like a child standing under the Christmas tree, do not know what to take first. “These are smaller stone monuments,” he pointed to a dense black dot on the touch screen. “Here is a ditch, you can start here. We don’t know anything about these things,” said Gaffney. The Dagugou Dyke has always been considered a “great barrier to the north of Stonehenge”. No one knows why people built this ditch from east to west at the time, and archaeologists believe that it may be related to the route the sun passes through in the sky.
Some new clues have been discovered in the instruments that hide the landscape project. First of all, they found some gaps in the ditch, especially a very large gap in the north, which allowed people to enter and exit the big ditch. Gaffney began to think that this ruins from east to west does not only represent the running route of the sun, but may also lead people to go north to south through the gaps.
Gaffney pointed out that one of the bigger discoveries was a large pit about 4.5 meters in diameter at the eastern end of Kosas. Today it is buried at least 1 meter below the surface. Considering the large amount of manpower required to dig such a large pit, such a large pit does not seem to have much practical use—such as burying garbage. Archaeologists believe that it may have some kind of ritual meaning and is “a certain kind of marker.” More importantly, if you draw a straight line between the big pit and the stepping stone of Stonehenge, it is on the same line as the last section of the ancient road and the running route of the sun on the summer solstice. Gaffney believes that “this should be related to the running route of the sun.”
Gaffney demonstrates on the map with his hands, and on the longest day of the year, how these pits form a triangle with the Stonehenge that marks the sunrise and sunset. Interestingly, the pit representing “Sunrise” can be seen from Stonehenge, but the pit representing “Sunset” is located behind the ridge, which can only be seen if there is a fireworks there. In a sense, these can only be proved after these pits have been discovered. These discoveries of the Stonehenge underground ruins give us a more important understanding of the meaning of Stonehenge: Stonehenge may have meanings in the “astronomical calendar” such as light and darkness, sunrise and sunset, day and night.
Parker Pearson is cautious about the new discovery of Stonehenge. He said, “We don’t know what to discover until the evidence is discovered. Unusual new ruins are already coming out, we have to think about it, they will be What is the age of the age? What is the significance?”
He said that it is certain that the data obtained from the hidden landscape project supports the research findings over the years. In this landscape, we have a lot of ground landscapes that line up with the summer sun’s solar route, he added. “This is the most wonderful thing in history. It may take many years to crack the mystery.”
The sun passed through the floating white clouds and cast the ground. Gaffney and I walked on the ancient road about 280 meters away from Stonehenge. The distant tombs in the distance shimmered like opals in the sun. He admits that although some archaeological predictions may make mistakes, they may prove “we are wrong” in the end, but he believes that their research can at least produce a new interpretation of the use of Stonehenge.
We walked down the slope and across the field, and Gaffney stopped from time to time pointing at the hills where the “outstanding deceased” was buried. He also pointed out that the ancient road is not a straight line between the Avon River and the Stonehenge, but the line that guides the tourists to rise along the summer solstice and bring them to the Stonehenge.
He imagined himself to be a visitor to the Stonehenge in the Bronze Age. “It will bring you shock and shock. We will soon enter a valley below, called the Stonehenge, from the Stonehenge above. Only 90 meters, then we found that they disappeared… look!” he was surprised.
At this point, your mind may still be imagining the concentric circle surrounded by boulders, standing on a bleak open monument on the open landscape, you can see it outside the square, but now we are only leaving 100 meters away, they disappeared in front of our eyes.
We stood in a field and stared at a few lazy cows, enjoying the strange feeling of this moment. Then we started uphill and Stonehenge appeared again on the horizon.