When people reach middle age, about 10% to 30% of the probability will be long-term polyps, most of the intestinal polyps are asymptomatic, may not be found without colonoscopy, when there is abdominal pain, diarrhea or intestinal bleeding, colonoscopy Fortunately, I was discovered. Although it grows very slowly, it is an important source of colorectal cancer and should be removed as soon as possible.
Why do you have a long intestine polyp? It is still unclear. Studies have shown that overweight, obesity, smoking, family history and other people have a higher risk of polyps. Diet is also a factor that can not be ignored in intestinal polyps. Improper diet can increase the risk of intestinal polyps. Proper food can prevent polyps from happening, prevent development, reduce recurrence and cancer. opportunity.
The effect of food on intestinal polyps is not very clear. It is not a meal or a food, it will appear immediately, and it is not everyone’s role. It is a habit and accumulation process, good food choices and eating habits. It is definitely beneficial to prevent intestinal polyps. The author collects literature in recent years to readers.
Eat less red meat
Adults need about 50 grams of protein per day, most of which can be obtained from plant foods. However, human beings are a omnivorous animal. In recent years, the commercial production of red meat such as pork, beef and mutton has not been considered.
Various local flavors give the unique flavor of red meat. If you choose, most people will choose the red meat that is fragrant and oily. This is one of the reasons why intestinal polyps and intestinal tumors are getting more and more in recent years.
The main culprit is the mixture of red meat containing methemoglobin, reddish nitrite and high-temperature cooking heterocyclic amines. Therefore, eat as little red meat as possible. It is worth mentioning that white meat also has these diseases. The ingredients are only a relatively small amount.
Overweight and obesity are the main culprit of all diseases, and are also risk factors for colon polyps and colon cancer. The more fat, the higher the risk. The animal’s red meat and white meat contain too much saturated fatty acid. Excessive intake stimulates excessive bile. Excessive bile is retained in the large intestine and converted into a valeric acid that has been proven to be a carcinogen.
Eat less animal fat
Saturated fat contains more arachidonic acid, which can promote the abnormal growth of intestinal epithelial cells into polyps and even cancer. These saturated fatty acids are collectively called bad fat. It is wise to reduce the intake. The total daily fat is limited to 20%. ~25 grams or so.
In contrast, foods rich in w-3 unsaturated fatty acids, low in arachidonic acid, are believed to have protective effects on colon polyps and cancer, and are good for human health, called good fat.
W-3 can only be taken from food, eat more salmon, sardines, squid and other fish, eat more walnuts, melon, tofu and other foods; cooking can use linseed oil, olive oil, rapeseed oil, peanut oil And other vegetable oils.
Eat more foods rich in prebiotics
Oligosaccharides are soluble fibers and are beneficial elements for the growth of intestinal flora. They are called prebiotics. After entering the intestines, they provide fuel for the growth of normal bacteria such as bifidobacteria and lactic acid bacteria, and produce acetic acid and lactic acidified intestinal tract. It inhibits the growth of harmful microorganisms and provides a healthy environment for intestinal cell growth. The benefits are reduced the possibility of transformation of intestinal cells into polyps and cancer, and prevention of polyp growth.
The bacteria that live in the colon depend on the prebiotics we eat to make substances that keep our gut health. Scientists call these bacteria probiotics, a phenomenon that is mutually beneficial. Wheat, onions, garlic and other foods are rich in soluble fiber oligosaccharides, which are considered to be one of the most convenient food sources of oligosaccharides.
Eat more foods rich in dietary fiber
Dietary fiber is not absorbed by the body. It enters the large intestine and promotes intestinal peristalsis. It reduces the residence time of food and potential carcinogens in the intestine. The contact time between carcinogens and intestinal wall is greatly shortened. Dietary fiber is fermented by bacteria in the large intestine, which preserves the water in the stool, softens the stool, creates a laxative effect, and protects the intestinal ecology.
Despite the controversy in clinical research, most scholars agree that it is beneficial to prevent intestinal polyps and bowel cancer. More than 25 grams of dietary fiber should be added daily.
Dietary fiber-rich foods include figs, beans, barley, eggplant, pears, and green leafy vegetables. The dietary fiber of coarse grains has the highest overall content, the most legume content, no dietary fiber in meat, eggs and milk; the content of dietary fiber of chewy vegetables, wild vegetables and dark vegetables is high, and the fiber content is not changed after the vegetables are shredded. .
Eat more food rich in curcumin
Curcumin extracted from Chinese herbal medicine turmeric is a kind of spice that makes curry and food appear yellow. It is one of the natural food additives allowed by the state. It has the functions of lowering blood fat, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation, anti-tumor and gallbladder in medicine. .
A study of familial polyposis found that 480 mg of curcumin and 20 mg of quercetin were given daily, and after six months, the number of polyps was reduced by 60% and polyps were cut in half.
Onions, mustard, ginger, curry and other foods are more abundant, of which the curry content is as high as 60%. It is beneficial to eat more onions and more with mustard, ginger and curry.
Eat more food rich in quercetin
Quercetin is a natural plant flavonoid with antitussive, antispasmodic, anti-tumor and anti-tumor effects. Clinical studies have shown potential to prevent and control the formation of intestinal polyps.
Apples, onions, wine, green tea, etc. are the best natural sources of bioflavonoid quercetin. Onions are one of the best natural sources of quercetin in vegetables and the least likely to contain pesticides and other potentially carcinogenic chemicals.
Eat more foods rich in sulforaphane
Nutritional superstars broccoli and cabbage are classified as cruciferous vegetables, rich in glucosinolates, converted to isothiocyanates and sulforaphane after chewing.
Studies have found that sulforaphane can protect the intestinal tract of animals, slow down the growth of polyps, and induce the self-destruction of harmful cells, called apoptosis.
If you are looking for a powerful food to reduce the risk of intestinal polyps, broccoli, broccoli, carrots, and white radish are the best natural sources of sulforaphane. Studies have found that sulforaphane can destroy up to 90% after cooking. Should be eaten raw or slightly boiled, to maximize the effectiveness of its prevention and treatment of intestinal polyps.
Eat more foods rich in folic acid
Folic acid, also known as vitamin B9, is an essential vitamin for life. A 14-year study of nurses and health experts showed that daily intake of more than 400 micrograms of folic acid has a protective effect on the prevention of polyp formation and a lower probability of colon cancer.
Foods containing a lot of folic acid can be obtained from cereals such as rice, wheat, corn, etc., and can also be obtained from foods containing more folic acid such as beans, lentils, asparagus, spinach, lettuce, avocado, broccoli, mango, and orange. .
Eat more garlic, use more ginger
Allicin is a unique taste compound of garlic. Studies have shown that allicin effectively reduces the risk of colon cancer and the risk of colon polyps.
Allow the garlic to stand in contact with air for 10 minutes before eating or cooking, releasing more allicin. Gingerol is the main active compound of ginger and has been shown to reduce the size and number of tumors in experimental animals.
Eat more colorful vegetables
Colorful vegetables, in addition to rich in vitamins and minerals, also contain more antioxidant and anti-tumor plant active ingredients.
○ Green vegetables such as spinach, green pepper and broccoli contain more chlorophyll and lutein.
○ Red vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, and red bell peppers contain lycopene and capsanthin.
○ Orange vegetables such as carrots, pumpkins, and yellow peppers contain β-carotene, which can be converted into vitamin A in the human body.
○ Purple vegetables such as purple cabbage, beet and purple potato contain anthocyanins and beet glycosides.
Studies have found that lycopene and capsanthin may help reduce the risk of intestinal polyps and colon cancer. A study of 62 cases of intestinal polyp resection found that taking red pepper has anti-cancer properties N-acetylcysteine, 800 mg per day, and the recurrence rate of polyps decreased.
The deep red soup made of beets and carrots is the best match for preventing colon polyps.
Eat more foods rich in calcium, magnesium and vitamin D
The strong bone action of calcium is well known, and calcium can also regulate the growth of human cells. Animal studies have found that lack of calcium leads to excessive growth of colon cells; clinical studies have found that daily calcium supplementation of 1200 mg can reduce the risk of intestinal hyperplasia of 14% to 35%, but can increase the risk of serrated polyps.
It is generally believed that the intake of calcium from the diet is beneficial and safe for preventing the formation of intestinal polyps.
Adults need to consume 1000 mg a day. A bottle of milk can provide enough calcium. People who don’t drink or can’t drink milk or yogurt can supplement calcium through shellfish, seafood and green leafy vegetables.
The calcium of green leafy vegetables is affected by the absorption of oxalic acid, which is not as easily absorbed by the body as calcium. The arugula contains a lot of calcium and the absorption of oxalic acid and less calcium is good. Calcium-rich foods must be combined with foods rich in magnesium and vitamin D to ensure that calcium absorption works.
One study found that daily intake of 645 international units of vitamin D reduced the risk of one-third of colonic polyps. Vitamin D can control the proliferation rate of intestinal polyp cells and promote the absorption of calcium. The best sources of vitamin D include liver, fish and vitamin D fortified dairy products, and more sun exposure can also produce vitamin D.
The absorption of calcium requires the participation of magnesium. The study found that maintaining a perfect ratio of these two minerals is 2:1 to better prevent the growth of polyps. The mild deficiency of magnesium in the population is quite common. Green leafy vegetables are a natural source of magnesium, but much magnesium is lost during growth and food processing in greenhouses.
Spinach is rich in magnesium and is one of the healthiest vegetables for anyone concerned with colon polyps. It is effective for cleansing and protecting the bowel.
Eat more foods rich in vitamin E
Vitamin E plays an important role in the body’s antioxidant system and has been shown to prevent cancer. It has been reported to be beneficial for the prevention of intestinal polyps. Wheat germ is one of the most concentrated natural sources of vitamin E.
Lettuce, tomatoes, carrots, green leafy vegetables, egg yolks, various nuts, meat and dairy products are rich in vitamin E. The temperature should not be too high during processing to avoid damage.
Eat more foods rich in selenium
Demographic studies have shown that colon polyps and colorectal cancers have a lower risk of death in people with higher selenium intake. Seafood, edible fungi, broccoli, purple sweet potato, black bean, black sesame and garlic all have more natural selenium.
Food has a certain preventive effect on intestinal polyps. It is certainly beneficial to choose the above foods. As long as good eating habits are developed, the prevention and treatment effects will gradually appear. Eat less animal meat and eat more vegetables and vegetables. Eat less food and eat more vegetarian food. The more foods you choose, the better. The process of processing is as simple as possible.