Fever is not terrible, the scary thing is that you don’t understand these!
A fever is actually a self-defense campaign launched by the human body. When pathogens invade, they can grow and multiply comfortably and rapidly at 37 degrees Celsius, and the human body launches attacks! The handsome white blood cell assembly, phagocytic cells and neutrophils have enhanced bactericidal activity, and at the same time the body temperature rises, the growth and reproduction of these pathogens become slow, destroying these invaders!
When the child’s body or forehead is hot, the face is red, the hands and feet are cold, please measure the body temperature in time, the rectal temperature is ≥38 degrees Celsius or the temperature is ≥37.5 degrees Celsius, indicating that the child has a fever. But don’t panic, you must use a scientific method to accompany your child to win.
The effects of fever on the body include both beneficial and unfavorable aspects.
1. Beneficial effects: Fever is a process in which the baby’s body launches the immune system against pathogens, inhibits the growth of pathogens, and is conducive to disease recovery.
2. Adverse effects:
1 When the skin is evaporating during fever and sweating during fever, the loss of water is increased, which is likely to cause dehydration, which is manifested by a decrease in the amount of urine and a dry mouth.
2 digestive function is weakened during fever, and it is prone to loss of appetite and bloating.
3 When the fever is high, the excitability of the nervous system is increased. The children are often irritated, crying, and restless. In severe cases, paralysis, hallucinations, and cramps may occur.
4 repeated fever can lead to weight loss.
How do families choose a thermometer?
1 The glass thermometer is easy to break, causing glass fragments to hurt the child, and mercury (mercury) leakage may occur, which is generally not used for infants and young children.
2 electronic thermometer measurement is convenient, accurate and fast.
3 Infrared thermometers measure quickly, but they are expensive, and the results are quite different. The average value can be measured multiple times.
Newborns can use the underarm electronic thermometer to measure body temperature. Children from 1 month to 5 years old can use the underarm electronic thermometer or infrared thermometer. Tools for measuring body temperature have their own advantages and disadvantages, and parents can purchase and use them as needed.
Selection of antipyretic and antipyretic methods
Physical cooling methods include: 1 loosening and reducing clothing; 2 using cooling stickers.
Others such as warm water bathing, ice pillows, and alcohol rubbing baths have long been widely used as auxiliary antipyretic methods, but they may cause discomfort such as chills, crying, etc., especially for children under 5 years old.
The purpose of fever reduction is not only to lower body temperature, but also to relieve the symptoms of fever caused by fever.
○ The anus temperature is ≥39 degrees Celsius (the ear temperature is about 0.2 degrees Celsius lower than the anus temperature), or the oral temperature is greater than 38.5 degrees Celsius, and the underarm temperature is greater than 38.2 degrees Celsius.
○ Children with a history of convulsions ≥ 38.0 degrees Celsius can use antipyretics.
○ Some children do not meet the above criteria for fever, but they may have obvious discomfort due to fever, such as crying, mental retardation, etc. Antipyretics may also be used.
The commonly used antipyretics for children include ibuprofen and acetaminophen, which are easy to use, have good antipyretic effect, and have few side effects. For children 2 to 6 months, acetaminophen can be used at least 6 hours between treatments; for ibuprofen or acetaminophen for 6 months or more, ibuprofen should be administered at least 6 to 8 hours apart.
It is not recommended to use both drugs simultaneously or alternately because of the possibility of increasing the side effects of the drug. However, if an antipyretic is not effective, there is obvious high fever discomfort, and it can be used alternately. Each antipyretic should not be used more than 4 times within 24 hours.
Both ibuprofen and acetaminophen may have gastrointestinal reactions such as nausea, vomiting, upper abdominal pain, etc., and food can reduce symptoms. (Please follow the doctor’s advice for medication, and pay special attention to adverse reactions and applicable populations.)
The use of antipyretic drugs in the case of fever and dehydration may increase the risk of liver and kidney dysfunction, and it is difficult to reduce fever during dehydration. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the appropriate amount of water, and hypotonic oral rehydration salts may be used.
Other antipyretics such as aspirin, dipyridamole, nimesulide, etc. are not recommended because of the side effects. Hormone can not be used for fever in children. Anal suppository, the dose is not easy to grasp, the drug effect is unstable, prone to low body temperature.
Fever is only a manifestation of the child’s disease, parents should also observe other symptoms, if the baby <3 months, body temperature ≥ 38 degrees Celsius; or 3 to 6 months of children, body temperature ≥ 39 degrees Celsius, often suggesting serious bacterial infection, must Pay attention to it and go to the hospital for treatment in time.