I believe that my friends have heard about it. The 5G mobile communication technology is getting closer and closer to our life. The 5G era is coming soon!
At the 2019 World Mobile Communications Conference held in Barcelona, Spain not long ago, Huawei and other terminal manufacturers have released a number of 5G smart phones. What kind of changes will 5G make in this world? Just let our mobile phone go online faster?
It is necessary to know that 5G has three technical characteristics, namely, high-speed, low-latency, and Internet architecture of all things, which means that the communication between people, people and things, things and things will be qualitatively improved. 5G will not only change the existing traditional communication methods, but also change the entire human society.
Therefore, as the latest generation of mobile communication technology, 5G also has broad application prospects in the military field. It can not only greatly enhance the battlefield communication capability, but also deeply influence the future warfare. The role of 5G in the future battlefield is mainly reflected in the battlefield communication capability, the improvement of combat effectiveness, and the support of new intelligent combat forms.
Improve battlefield communication capabilities and operational effectiveness
According to Professor Wu Minwen of the School of Information and Communication of National University of Defense Technology, the four major combat links of observation, orientation, decision-making and action in the war require information transmission. These four aspects include battlefield awareness, data processing, intelligence integration, command and control, precision strike, comprehensive support, performance evaluation, etc. To effectively implement this series of steps, it must ensure large capacity, fast, accurate, reliable, low latency. Communication environment.
It can be said that the technical characteristics of 5G can better meet the above requirements.
First of all, 5G can effectively enhance the combatant’s perception of the battlefield form, and can help the command center to open the fog of war. Modern warfare relies more on science and technology for reconnaissance. It often collects battlefield information through sensors deployed in multiple spatial dimensions of sea, land and air to form a unified battlefield situation map. Since the 5G network speed reaches 20Gbps, which is much faster than the original 4G 1Gbps, it can transmit massive battlefield data such as coordinates, audio, images, and high-definition video in a very short time, greatly improving the transmission and processing speed of intelligence information. Improve operational efficiency.
Secondly, 5G allows the combat platform and combat personnel to achieve interconnection in a wider space! Since 5G technology realizes the integration of network communication, such as satellite communication and wireless network (WIFI), which is isolated from the 4G network, the coverage is greatly increased. Even in areas such as oceans and deserts where communication is difficult in the past, 5G can use satellites as communication nodes to realize information transmission, which will greatly enhance the battlefield communication capability in combat in harsh environments.
In addition, 5G technology can reduce the battlefield command level. For the generals and soldiers, what is the most fearful of the war? Most afraid of the layer transfer after the highest order is issued, this cumbersome process will reduce the execution of war. The 5G high speed and low delay feature can transmit battlefield image information to the commander in real time, and the highest commander can directly direct to a class or even a soldier. This is like when the US military executed the task of killing bin Laden, when US President Barack Obama watched the entire battle process in real time in the White House. The continuous maturity of 5G technology makes war command more rapid, intuitive and efficient.
The extremely low latency of the 5G also provides technical support for combating high-speed maneuvering targets. Since targets such as fighters move extremely fast, they must be accurately struck, and their positioning data is valid only at extremely low delays, so that they can be knocked down more accurately and quickly.
Support new smart combat styles
If there is a war in the future, perhaps there will be fewer and fewer human warriors for this, because with the continuous advancement of science and technology, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, autonomous driving, virtual reality and other means are bound to Let the future operations gradually become intelligent and unmanned. The previous network communication technology has a ceiling, which makes this series of new technical means not fully utilized, and the emergence of 5G will undoubtedly solve these problems!
For example, existing communication technologies are no longer able to meet the interconnection and intercommunication of weapons and equipment in the future battlefield. To know the communication between the machine and the machine, it is a kind of format communication, the formatted message is transmitted in the data link, and the different combat platforms and units communicate with the formatted messages with strict specifications, and the combat operations can be guided without manual interpretation.
It is impossible to transmit such a large amount of information in the past with a very small communication technology. Only the most critical tactical information transmission can be screened. However, the characteristics of the 5G platform Internet of Things enable it to connect millions of devices within a range of 1 square kilometer. Massive inter-machine communication can efficiently command and control a large number of unmanned combat aircraft, unmanned combat vehicles, unmanned warships, etc. Unmanned combat platforms, while allowing them to be interconnected.
5G massive inter-machine communication, combined with artificial intelligence, provides a technical means for the use of large-scale unmanned weapons. The US military has unmanned aircraft with reconnaissance and strike functions, and is used to clear the terrorist leader. In the future war, it is undoubtedly impossible to command thousands of such unmanned weapons, relying on humans to manually command, and can only rely on mature algorithms of artificial intelligence.
In order to perform battlefield missions more efficiently and reduce casualties, there may be a large number of unmanned vehicles such as unmanned tanks, armored vehicles, and logistics transport vehicles in the future battlefield. In order to ensure that these vehicles can pass through various complex terrains without human manipulation, and can make emergency decisions in an instant, effectively ensuring safety and reliability, it must rely on 5G network high-speed, low-latency, and all-object interconnection. characteristic.
It can be said that the continuous application of 5G in the field of war can make the future battlefield battle mode that would only appear in science fiction movies become a reality more quickly!