The bottleneck that hinders the leader from excellence to excellence comes mainly from the leader himself, not the outside world. What factors of the leader itself have become the bottleneck?
The essence of leadership development bottleneck
The four parts of the subconscious
In order to analyze this problem more thoroughly, we first popularize some basic knowledge. Consciousness is mainly divided into table consciousness and subconsciousness. Table consciousness is rational thinking. We are very clear about the whole decision process and ensure the logic of the process. In general, it is generally unclear how this part of the decision is derived from the subconscious. Most of our decisions are made by the subconscious.
The author believes that the subconscious mind contains at least the following four parts: self, instinct, mental model and high-level subconscious.
self. The subconscious of the self part is mainly related to “I”. At its core is the self-concept, which is about who I am and how I differ from others. On this basis, there is self-esteem, which is a comprehensive evaluation of the self. Under the demand of self-esteem, we like to do social comparisons, that is, we like to compare ourselves with people who have similar conditions, and find self-presence, sense of accomplishment and satisfaction in comparison. For example, class reunion is often the most active classmates, and those who feel that their careers are average are reluctant. In addition, we like others to praise and affirm their own words, but they hate to derogate and deny their own words. At the same time, we also have self-service prejudice, we will find all kinds of reasons to attribute credit to ourselves, failure and responsibility are attributed to others. Sustained success will make people’s self-confidence expand, and they will increasingly think that their ability is very strong; failure will make people’s self-confidence hurt, and lead to associations about more setbacks in the past.
instinct. The subconscious of the instinctive part is mainly related to human instinct, including eating and drinking, sleeping, etc., as well as emotions, instinct to avoid disadvantages, unwilling to give up vested interests, being lazy, retreating, and enjoying the fresh stimulation of various senses. Wait. In “Historical Records”, “the world is bustling, all for the benefit of the world; the world is awkward, all for the benefit” and “the ass decides the head” portrays our profit-seeking nature. In addition, our emotions often have biased influences on decision-making, such as halo effect, love house and black, and Shih Tzu in the eyes of lovers.
Mental mode. The mental model is mainly the long-term memory that is formed in the brain by our repeated repetition of certain behaviors, which is acquired by us, including experience, norms, and thinking habits. For example, chess woman champion Susan Polga attributed her success to hundreds of thousands of games in her childhood. She describes chess as “smart guessing” because the game has become a long-term memory. It does not require rational thinking when playing chess, and relies entirely on the subconscious.
High-level subconscious. The high-level subconscious is mainly about big love and beauty. It will be beyond the thinking of a single person. More thinking is holistic and systematic. When the high-level subconscious is active, we are easy to establish with ourselves, others, society, nature and the world. The sense of connection is easy to give birth to empathy, and it is the place where our creativity and innovation ability are mainly presented. Wen Si Ru Quan, improvisation is the performance of the high-level subconscious.
For example, in the spring, everyone likes to go to the park to see flowers, and different parts of the subconscious thinking bring different behaviors. If you think about yourself with partial subconsciousness, your behavior is to take a self-portrait in the WeChat circle of friends, and hope to get more praise. The behavior corresponding to the instinctive partial subconscious is to pick flowers for your own sake; the mental model will remind you Own, although instinctively want to pick flowers, but there is a sign on the side to remind you not to pick flowers, you will be bound by the rules of public ethics and other learned rules; and the high-level subconscious is more willing to look at the flowers, feel the beauty of flowers, Experience the connection with flowers, feel that you and the flower are already a whole, it should be left in the branches, this is the real beauty, and there is a feeling of happiness and happiness from the heart.
2. Reasons for hindering leadership development
The essence of the bottleneck of leadership development is that the leader is often the subconscious of the self, instinct, and mental model in strategic decision-making, rather than the high-level subconscious in decision-making. When the subconsciousness of the self, instinct, and mental model is activated in decision-making, it often produces various biased interpretations of the current objective information, resulting in non-objective judgments and ultimately making wrong decisions; or causing high Blindly pursue personal self-esteem, power, etc., put personal interests above the overall interests of the organization; or because they pursue vested interests and dare not adapt to the current situation; or because of various temptations and setbacks that interfere with executives, let executives deviate Initially; or the founder of the company lost the motivation and passion to start a business after the company’s development matured. The use of high-level subconscious to analyze, it is possible to maximize the objective analysis of external information, so as to make relatively correct judgment; maintain commitment and passion for fulfilling personal mission, eliminate temptation and interference; consider organizational or overall interests, conduct Systematic thinking; willing to overcome or sacrifice the immediate interests of individuals or organizations to serve the development of the organization as a whole or in the future.
The paradox of leadership development bottleneck
The essence of the bottleneck of leadership development is that leaders often rely on the subconscious of the self, instinct, and mental models in strategic decision-making, rather than the high-level subconscious. To break through this bottleneck, leaders need to focus on subconscious thinking based on self, instinct, and mental models, and adjust to high-level subconscious thinking. The process of this adjustment involves a paradox: How do “I” perform surgery on the brain of “I”?
To solve this premise of self-concussion requires the leader to have the ability to perceive himself from the perspective of a third party. Once the subconsciousness of the self, instinct, and mental model becomes the object of perception, the identification of these three parts of the subconscious mind will quickly disappear. Therefore, self-awareness is a must-have skill for a great leader. For example, Zeng Zi said that “I am the three provinces of my body”, Tang Taizong said in the evaluation of Wei Zheng, “With copper as a mirror, you can wear a crown, with history as a mirror, you can know that it is a replacement, a mirror for people, you can lose money.” On the contrary, the leader hopes to break through the self. In the way that is adopted, if the self-awareness cannot be enhanced, then this method will have little effect.
Ways to break through the bottleneck: mindfulness leadership
1. What is righteous thought leadership?
Mindfulness is a flexible state of consciousness that focuses on and perceives the inner and outer world of the individual in an open and acceptable manner. Mindfulness leadership emphasizes that leaders insist on studying righteous thoughts, strengthen their self-awareness, stimulate their own high-level subconscious thinking, recognize themselves, accept themselves, learn to love themselves, find their own mission, encourage and guide themselves, eliminate interference, and improve their ability to resist frustration. Overcome the weakness of human nature, greatly improve self-lead, gain a deep understanding of human nature in this process, and thus significantly enhance the influence and leadership of others, and break through the bottleneck of outstanding leaders to the development of outstanding leaders.
2. Change of mind state
There are four states of thought, which are chaos, security, and stability. Chaos is the inconsistency between the thought and the current body, such as distraction, desertion, insomnia, anxiety, nervousness, exertion, depression, depression, fear, etc. For example, when insomnia, the brain has been thinking, these thoughts are related to the past or the future, and have nothing to do with the state of sleeping now.
The second state of thought is security. When you exclude interference and concentrate on doing one thing, your thoughts are settled in the moment, such as reading books, listening to music, playing chess, playing instruments, and so on.
The third state of thought is stop. In the state of chaos and security, the thought is continuous on the time axis, there is no interruption, and in the state of the stop, there will be a short interruption between the thought and the thought, and the interruption time is generally no more than a few seconds. Usually, we rarely have this state.
The fourth state is fixed, which means that the interruption between thought and thought is more than one minute, and some people can even do half an hour or even hours or more. Innovative ideas, such as epiphany, insight, instant vision, impromptu performance, etc., often arise in a state of cessation or certainty.
If there is no special mindfulness training, the state of mind is often chaotic, there is a certain amount of time is in peace, and few opportunities are in a state of cessation and certainty. In order to make the high-level subconscious more active, we should let the state of mind realize the transition from chaos to security, stability and stability. Therefore, the key to the transition from excellence to excellence is to achieve most of the time from the state of chaos before. The proportion of security is very small, and there is no such thing as a certain degree. There is very little state of chaos, and the state of An is very large. The proportion, the ratio of the stop and the fixed ratio are constantly increasing.
3. How to achieve mindfulness leadership
The way to achieve mindfulness leadership is mindfulness. Leaders can only make substantial gains in every mindfulness exercise if they persist in researching and practicing mindfulness. In practice, we will deepen our understanding of righteous thoughts, and at the same time insist on studying righteous thoughts, linking and summarizing our own understandings and the knowledge of others’ research, so that the knowledge and theory of mindfulness can be further expanded and sublimated.
The bottleneck for the development of outstanding leaders to outstanding leaders lies in the leadership itself, that is, the leaders use the subconscious of the self, instinct, and mental models to think, and rarely use the high-level subconscious. When leaders try to break through this bottleneck, they face a key difficulty, the paradox of “I am doing surgery on my brain.” Mindfulness can not only help leaders learn to self-aware as a third party, break this paradox, but also help leaders to achieve the transformation and upgrading of their minds. Mindfulness leadership highlights the role of mindfulness, emphasizing that leaders must study righteous thoughts and break through the bottleneck of outstanding leaders to excellent leadership development.