In the case of a fracture due to some external force, if it is not treated in time, it may cause limb deformity or even disability. In the course of treatment, it is generally necessary to use gypsum, splint, traction and other methods to fix the fracture site of the patient to ensure that the bone is not misplaced. Severe patients need surgery and internal fixation with stainless steel plates or steel nails. During the recovery period, if the patient is inactive for a long time, the tendon muscle adhesion or atrophy may occur, which is not conducive to the recovery of the injured part. Therefore, when the situation permits, the fracture patient should start exercising as soon as possible to promote the recovery of the limb function as soon as possible.
First, why should fracture patients exercise as early as possible?
In the healing process of treatment, exercise is an effective way to promote recovery, which can prevent joint stiffness, soft tissue contracture, muscle atrophy and so on. The fractured limb needs to be fixed for a long time, and due to lack of activity for a long time, it is prone to joint movement disorder or complete stiffness. Many patients do not pay attention to early exercise, and it is easy to increase the probability of joint movement disorder. Therefore, the exercise of fracture patients must be early. Depending on the type of fracture, the degree of fracture, and the age of the patient, early exercise can be started at about 3 to 6 weeks after surgery. Joint activity at the fracture site is affected by factors such as early fracture, muscle spasm, limb swelling, external fixation, poor blood return, and unstable fracture. Therefore, in the early exercise, you should also pay attention to moderate exercise, so as not to cause secondary damage to the fracture.
Second, what is included in the early exercise of fracture patients
The rehabilitation exercise of fracture patients should start as soon as possible in light of the actual situation. As a whole, the human body is not conducive to the growth and healing of the fracture after the fracture due to the blood from the meridians and siltation. Through early systemic activities, it promotes phlegm and swelling and blood circulation. At the same time, it can promote metabolism, speed up recovery, and reduce fixed time. Injured limbs should also be exercised early, but care should be taken to protect the splint or plaster. For example, patients with broken forearms will use gypsum to wrap the elbow joints and wrist joints, but expose the finger joints. Therefore, it is possible to perform operations such as grasping, promote blood flow, and improve nerve ending circulation. Through early activities, it can promote muscle contraction around the fracture, increase the pressure on the broken end, and promote healing. After the fixation is lifted, early exercise is also required, but many patients are worried that the injured area does not grow strong, and that the exercise may cause injury or fear of pain, and thus is unwilling to exercise. In this regard, it must be recognized that since the fixation has been lifted, it means that the healing condition is good and meets the standard of exercise.
Third, what methods can be used for fracture patients to carry out early exercise?
Early exercise in fracture patients has important significance, can improve local blood circulation, promote fracture healing, and accelerate functional recovery. In the early morning exercise, we should take into account the whole body and local conditions, focus on restoring the physiological functions of the affected limbs, take active exercise and passive exercise, and follow the principle of gradual and orderly progress. If the upper limb is fractured, early exercise should focus on the recovery and promotion of the function of the opponent. If the lower limb is fractured, it is necessary to pay attention to standing and walking in the early exercise to ensure the stability of the joint and achieve the desired activity. If it is a spinal fracture, you must focus on exercising the back muscles to provide better protection for the spine. For some patients with less fractures, early exercise can be started within 1 week after the fracture, such as muscle contraction exercise, or exercise of the unfixed joints away from the injured site. For example, a forearm fracture can be exercised with a slight fist or a finger flexion, or with the upper arm and forearm muscles, but care should be taken to protect the wrist from movement. As the recovery situation improves, you can increase the amount of activity and activity intensity appropriately, but don’t overwork.
Conclusion: For fracture patients, the recovery of limb function after fracture is very important. According to the fracture situation and the patient’s condition, rehabilitation should be started as soon as possible. This can promote faster healing of the fracture site, and gradually improve and restore limb function, avoid various complications, and promote the patient’s early recovery.