1. Why is self-employed immigrants attractive?
Since the shortening of the trial time in 2011, Canadian federal self-employed immigrants have received increasing attention and attention from all quarters.
The Canadian immigration system has long favored technical talent and entrepreneurs. Self-employed immigrants opened the door to the literary and art circles and sports people. Before that, these two types of talents almost missed the Canadian immigrants.
More importantly, self-employed immigrants have no strict limits on academic qualifications, age, and IELTS scores. Relative to the ultra-high requirements of the Federal Skilled Migration EE, the conditions for self-employed immigrants seem to be much looser. Even if you don’t have an IELTS score, you don’t have a bachelor’s degree, or even an older applicant, as long as you have achieved professional success, everything is possible.
This is unique among all immigration projects in Canada. It is important to know that Canada’s immigration system is building a complex scoring system, while self-employed immigrants are the opposite direction, focusing more on individual abilities and achievements. From this perspective, Canadian self-employed immigrants are somewhat similar to the US EB1A first priority talent and NIW national interest exemption.
Using an inappropriate metaphor, Canadian technology and experience immigrants seem to be Chinese college entrance examinations, and the results are everything; while the economic immigrants represented by self-employed immigrants are more like the American Ivy League school, paying more attention to the overall quality of the applicants. unique.
So in one sentence, Canada’s self-employed immigrant application has more flexibility and space.
Second, what kind of occupation does self-employed immigrants need?
Many people understand that self-employment means hiring oneself, as long as it is a self-employed person. But in fact, self-employed immigrants in Canada are only immigrants from the literature and sports circles. From a large professional perspective, only these two groups of people meet the requirements.
In short, self-employment includes a wide range of occupations. Basically, as long as you work in the media, art gallery, library, visual, fine arts, sculpture, animation, music, dance, crafts and sports, you can almost find your corresponding career.
Third, what is self-employment?
In addition to the limitation of occupational scope, self-employed immigrants also have strict requirements on the professional nature.
The first case is mainly aimed at people in the literary and art circles. It must be “freelance” and have more than 2 years of freelance experience. The so-called freelance is that there can be no fixed employers, nor can it be a monthly job.
Of course, it can be a seasonal job, a paid work, or simply a self-employed individual. If you are a company owner, such as interior design companies, music schools, business is ok.
The second case is mainly for the sports people. Because such people are difficult to meet the conditions of self-employment, most of the athletes and contestants are in the professional sports team. Therefore, there is another definition for sports festivals or some literary and artistic people. It is also possible to participate in world-class events or cultural activities for 2 years.
The third case is a mix of the first two, a one-year self-employment experience, and a year of world-class experience.
Self-employment or world-class experience is the most basic requirement for self-employed immigrants, and should be given priority when applying.
Fourth, how high is the achievement?
It is good to have achievements, to win prizes in world-class competitions, or to be famous in the country, these are great points.
However, self-employed immigrants do not require applicants to have high professional accomplishments, which is quite different from EB1A and NIW in the United States. Applicants only need to prove that they are professional, can support themselves in their own professional fields, and have certain professional pursuits and accomplishments. Therefore, it is not the top professional sports industry to win, as long as there is an opportunity above the industry average.
The past experience of the applicant is only one of the entry thresholds and assessment factors. What is more important is how to conduct business in Canada in the future and contribute to society.
5. Is the rating of self-employed immigrants important?
Self-employed immigrants do have their own scoring system, but this scoring system is only a rough reference and does not make much sense.
In the scoring standard of 100 points, as long as 35 points are met, the requirements are met. The score is only a sideline of the judgment of the immigration officer and is not the main criterion. So even if the score is higher, it does not mean success.
What is the standard of 35 points? As long as there are 2 years of self-employment experience, between the ages of 21 and 49, it is enough. So in self-employed immigrants, scores don’t have to be overly concerned.
6. What is the criteria for the immigration officer?
In short, immigration officials will mainly look at three points.
The first is whether the applicant’s self-employment experience meets the requirements. This can be said to be a past achievement. This is also the first question that immigration officers consider when considering materials. If there is doubt about the self-employment profession, the immigration officer has the right to refuse the visa directly.
The second is the applicant’s future business plan in Canada. This is to judge whether the applicant can continue to be professional in Canada in the future and to succeed. Applicants should make careful plans at both the commercial and professional levels.
Business plans, personal promotion plans, English proficiency, spouse qualifications and occupations, family property, and links with Canada are all areas of investigation.
The third is whether the applicant can contribute to Canada. This is often overlooked when many applicants apply, but it seems to me that it is the key to success. There is no clear definition of what “contribution” should be.
This is not like the NIW national interest exemption in the United States, which clearly stipulates that it is to contribute to the entire country. But one thing is certain. Applicants need to use their professional skills to contribute to Canadian society, community, culture, education or a specific group of people outside of business.
7. How do you prove your self-employment career? Is the tax record necessary?
Undoubtedly, taxation is the best self-employment certificate. However, the problem faced by many cultural figures is that there are very few tax records for self-employed occupations in the country. So the first question that many applicants ask is, I am not paying taxes, can I apply for self-employed immigrants?
The answer is yes, taxation is the most convincing proof, but it is not the only one. There are many proofs of self-employment, first of all, income records, regardless of income through WeChat, Alipay and the bank, can provide transaction records to prove their income and self-employment.
Secondly, the proof of the business, such as the music teacher’s class record, the independent designer’s design contract, the writer’s published books, the film and television workers’ works and so on. These business evidence can reflect a person’s professional level, but also can reflect the obligation ability from the side.
8. What is a good business plan?
The business plan for self-employed immigrants is slightly different from entrepreneurial immigrants.
Entrepreneurial immigration is the creation of a business enterprise, how to make a profit, and thus to the value of the Canadian economy. The goal of a self-employed immigrant business plan is to develop a business in Canada and continue its profession with the goal of contributing to Canadian society and culture.
Therefore, although the business plan for self-employed immigrants must consider commercial factors, it is more important to prove how their profession can continue in Canada and even further develop. How to make money is not the only goal. Immigration officials value social value.
When doing business planning, we must meet the most basic conditions of entrepreneurship, and make detailed plans for conventional business elements such as market, budget, business model, etc. At the same time, we must also reflect the characteristics of artists and athletes, and have their own business pursuits and individuality. Inside, avoid excessive business.
Self-employed immigrants need literary and sports talents, not an entrepreneur.
9. Does the business plan have to be fulfilled?
The Immigration Department does not require 100% compliance with the business plan, nor does the Canadian government have the ability to monitor the future development of each applicant. This is different from entrepreneurial immigration.
Emphasizing this issue is not to tell everyone that you can do business planning in a vain manner, and no one will supervise it in the future. What I want to say is that from this starting point, we can think that the immigration officer also knows that the business plan is not necessarily fully implemented, so his focus is on the feasibility of the plan! Let the immigration officer believe that he is capable and capable of performing business.
Therefore, the design of the program must be tailored to each applicant’s past experience, and the business must be extended with the previous experience. Created out of thin air, inexperienced programs and plans cannot be convinced by immigration officials.
In addition, it is necessary to have a detailed understanding of the cities and related markets in the future, so that immigration officials can be sure that they are not only qualified applicants, but also prepared for the future and show a serious and cautious attitude.
Self-employed immigrants are not dealing with scores and computer systems. It is the immigration officer’s judgment that determines the success or failure. Therefore, attitude determines everything.
10. Does IELTS have to be?
IELTS is not a must, but there are achievements that can prove your language level and help to create a business in Canada in the future.
What is the appropriate score for IELTS? You may be confused when you look at the Immigration website, because the official does not give a clear request. Only four levels of high, medium, low and zero are given. The corresponding scores of the four levels are as follows:
The suggestion is that if you provide an IELTS score, you must have at least 55 points on the listening and speaking, which is a medium level. If you can’t get it, you can reduce it properly. Listening and speaking ability is more important for future business development. Only when it reaches a medium level can immigration officials believe that their English ability is no problem.
11. Is the property certificate important?
The answer is very important! Financial resources are the guarantee for the applicant to successfully carry out business in Canada in the future. In the official review manual of the immigration officer, it is clearly indicated that the financial situation of the applicant is an important factor.
How much reserve funds should there be, and what standards should family assets meet? This is entirely determined by the applicant’s business model.
In the applicant’s business plan, a reasonable estimate of the future cost should be made, and sufficient reserve funds should be prepared according to the estimate. This fund is preferably a time deposit. For example, if you want to open a music school in Canada, you should make an estimate of rent, musical instruments, teachers, marketing costs, etc., and prepare funds to cover expenses for a period of time.
12. How important is the interview?
If paper materials are the basis of an application, then the interview is the key to success.
Unlike other immigration programs, self-employed immigrants must be interviewed. The interview will be conducted in Hong Kong and the applicant will meet face to face with the immigration officer. Usually the interview will last for more than an hour, and the interviewer will verify the following questions:
1. Whether the past experience is true and whether the basic conditions of self-employed immigrants are met;
2. Understand the business plan and future business and determine whether the applicant has the ability to continue to engage in self-employment in Canada;
3. Verify the applicant’s actual English ability, interpersonal communication skills and professional ability;
The interview will be completed in English and the applicant can request an interpreter, but if the whole process cannot be communicated in English, it will also affect the application.
Throughout the process, immigration officers appear as a challenger, and the questions they ask are often very savvy, requiring reasonable explanations from the applicants and dispelling the doubts of immigration officers. It can be said that the interview process is extremely challenging.
In addition, it should be noted that the interviews are all arranged in a centralized manner. It is also very important to arrange a batch of self-employed applicants for interviews within a few days. How to stand out among many applicants, especially among competitors in the industry. Among the same batch of applicants for interviews, there may be several music teachers, art teachers, and designers who have their own unique manifestations in these highly competitive occupations.
Therefore, after the self-employed immigrant application submits the paper materials, it is more important to prepare for the interview. It is best to prepare all the problems you may face in advance, past experiences, future plans, challenges that immigration officers may ask, and so on. And it is best to prepare the answer in English, and the one-year preparation period is completely within reach.
Within a few days after the interview, there will be a final result. If you fail, you will receive a refusal letter. If successful, you will continue to complete a series of procedures such as physical examination, fingerprint, and passport.
XIII. Application period for self-employed immigrants?
According to the July 2019 data, the trial period for self-employed immigrants is 22 months, and the trial period has been slowly decreasing in the recent period. However, the time will change with the number of applicants and the immigration officer’s progress, and will be adjusted at any time.
One to two months after submitting the materials, you will receive a file number indicating that the immigration office has begun the trial.
If the preliminary materials are approved, between 1 and 1 and a half years, they will be asked to go to Hong Kong for an interview with the immigration officer.
XIV. Key summary of self-employed immigration applications
There is no fixed template for material preparation. Everything that proves that your profession and achievements are good proof materials. Third-party evaluations such as media reports, recommendation letters, and testimonials from professionals are excellent. Therefore, to prepare for the preparation of materials, not only to collect the existing evidence, but also to open up thinking and seek other third-party certificates.
Business plans must be tailored and never set. To be aware of oneself and oneself, oneself is his past experience, professional ability and potential; he is Canada’s social culture, the future settled city, his own industry, market competition, and the immigration officer’s focus.
Social contribution is the essence of the application. It is the most basic requirement for the immigration officer to be confident of his professional ability and to live in Canada in the future. The key to success is to use his expertise to create value for Canada!
The materials are prepared well, and the challenges of the interview process should be dealt with later. Prepare the briefing book as you prepare for the press conference, prepare all questions that may be questioned in advance, and make plans for potential emergencies, and continue to simulate the drill. It may be more serious than all of our previous school and workplace interviews. This interview may determine the trajectory of a family.