The Yang dynasty tells the Yin and Yang division who exiled the ghosts and prays, and the yin articles we understand to understand – the opposite of the Yin and Yang division – the Japanese monster. The word “Hundred Ghosts and Nights” was first used in Japan from Uji to pick up the story – the practitioners, the ghosts and nights, and the happy things. Then the Japanese “speaking” art form produced a relatively complete description of the works of the ghosts and nights, and then painted the drama. There is a gradual interpretation of the Bai Ghost Night.
Before telling the source of Bai Ghost, I had to mention the characteristics of Japanese religious culture. The ancient Japanese religious culture experienced a long process of multi-religious integration. In Japan, the local religious Shinto belief protects the various gods of nature. In Japan’s creation mythology, there are as many as three gods involved in the creation, and then there are seven gods who control the mud, the plants sprout, and create everything. Therefore, the Japanese nation tends to hold various sacrificial activities to alleviate the contradiction between man and nature. The so-called “everything is spiritual.” The Confucianism that was later incorporated reinforces the concept of sacrificial ancestors, while Buddhist thought emphasizes the reincarnation.
In the legend of Japan’s gods, the pan-God belief that “everything is spiritual” has almost reached its roots. There are “eight million gods” in Japanese Shinto. In the original belief, mountains and rivers are regarded as gods: for example, the god Shen Bishou in “Yin Yang Shi” is the sea patron and the shipping business god of Japanese fishermen’s belief. For example, the legendary old calendar July or the new moon will appear outside the coastline, “I don’t know the fire”, it is considered to be the light of the dragon god travel. On the days when there is no fire, fishing villages near the sea are prohibited from fishing. In addition, Japan has a unique “death” culture. In the Japanese monster legend, many monsters are old objects. In China, it is often the swords such as swords. However, in Japan, the gods are the objects that people use every day, such as paper umbrellas, sandals, and cymbals.
During the Nara period, Chinese culture and Buddhist thoughts were introduced into Japan in large numbers, and the meaning of ghosts was gradually enriched. For example, the Tengu from China, his image in Japan is a big red face, a high nose, tall and bivalve, wearing a squat, high-toothed raft, holding a fan. This image originally came from the ancient Japanese god Minoda, and was later changed by the Buddhist affiliation into a buddhist but unable to ascend into the heavenly practice. At the same time, the Japanese Tengu has the elements of the mountain god beliefs. For example, the poem “Ghost One Eye”, which teaches the source of martial arts and military methods, is the representative of the good-looking Tiangou. For example, the ghost killing stone is described as a poisonous stone, which will cause the birds and beasts of the route to die. In the Japanese legend, before the predecessor of the killing stone, the algae was originally favored by the emperor, and was later found to be the nine-year-old demon fox, and was ordered to be killed by the emperor. Is it very similar to the legend of the nine-tailed fox?
Of course, there are also many monsters in Japan that have been legends since ancient times. They have come from local geeks and are widely recognized because of their bizarre life. They have become household names in Japan. “Snow woman, early home” is a widely circulated ancient saying in Japan. The legendary snow girl lives in the mountains and has amazing beauty. She often attracts men who have lost their way into the mountains and kisses through the mountains. Freeze it to death. The same monsters who like to pull people to death, Bridge Ji who jumped into the bridge, the singer who came from the spider, and so on. Of course, these legendary monsters are not all ghosts, such as the seated boy who can bring wealth to people, the blue-eyed lights that like to listen to people telling stories, the river boy who likes to play with children, the slick-headed ghost who runs to strangers’ homes, and so on. Wait.
As mentioned in the Yang article, the Heian period is the heyday of the monster culture. It is during this period that the existence of the Yin and Yang division and the popularity of the Yin and Yang Five Elements theory have gradually transformed the monster culture from the folk culture into the mainstream culture recognized by the public. . At the beginning of the Heian era, the monsters appeared for the first time in the picture, such as “Evil Painting” and “Six Paintings”. The “Hundred Ghost Nights”, which is considered to be the originator of Japanese monster paintings, was born from the subsequent Muromachi era, in which the artist Tosa Kyoshin added the image of the god of death. In the Edo period, reading the scrolls that show the monster culture has become a daily entertainment for people of all walks of life. Among them, Kanoyama’s artist, Toshiyama Shiyan, is also proficient in haiku. He collected the legends of the scattered folk monsters, and completed the “Drawing Hundred Ghosts Night”, “The Past and Present Paintings Continued One Hundred Ghosts”, “The Past and the Ghosts, and the Paintings and Hundreds of Objects”. The book of monsters has established the prototype of the Japanese monster we have seen today. The most famous Japanese monster in contemporary research is the “Monster Dr.” Shuimu Mao, the originator of the Japanese monster comics. He personally hand-painted the “Japanese Monsters”, which contains 764 kinds of Japanese monsters, called the Japanese Monster Bible.
TIPS: The image of the demon boy
Japanese folklore likes to describe the hero who can drop the demon and demon as a child’s image. In addition to the three people to be introduced below, folklore also includes “Tokyo Taro”, “Yutaro”, etc., “Three-eyed prodigy in contemporary anime” The protagonist of “Tai Zi Taro”, the Monkey King in “The Dragon Ball” and the protagonist in Hayao Miyazaki’s animation are all in the image of children.
Momotaro is a famous boy in Japanese folklore. It is said that he was born from a peach with a glutinous rice dumpling to conquer white dogs, monkeys and pheasants, and defeated the monsters in the ghost town together with three partners. The historical prototype of Momotaro is the ancient Japanese general, Ji Beijin. After the annihilation of the Baekje Kingdom on the Korean peninsula, Prince Wen Luo led his men on the cliffs of southern Japan to establish a “ghost town” that was easy to defend and difficult to attack. The emperor who had never made meritorious deeds finally sent the generals Ji Zizin to attack the ghost town. Dodging the rafters and falling rocks. Jin Yan ordered his men to shoot at the enemy camp. As a result, the ghost town was too high beyond the range. Finally, Jin Yan ordered an elite squad to climb back to the enemy and wounded Wen Luo to lay the victory.
Kintaroo is the young name of Putian Jinshi, one of the “Laiguang Four Kings” under the source. Lai Yuanguang and his four-day king have a reputation for making the ghosts and gods tremble in the Heian era. The four-day Wang Zhongdu Biangang is the man who cut off the arm of the “Ghost of Luoshengmen”. The most famous thing in the life of Bu Ji Jiwu is to break the blind eye of the bird, and the well-known witchcraft is well-received. There are also good performances in the middle. Legend has it that Kintaro was originally a baby in the abandoned mountain and was raised and raised by the monster mountain. From childhood to the big bear sumo as a play, let Jin Tailang become a powerful teenager. In the story of Momotaro, Kim Tae-ro is a good partner of Momotaro, the god of five earths and five earths with a handcuff (a big axe). The legend about him is mainly recorded in the Collection of the Past and Present. The name of the protagonist in the famous Japanese anime “Gintama” is also a spoof of Putian Kim.
In the Muromachi era, popular Japanese literature called “Yugao Grass”, “grass” as the name suggests is the story recorded on the grass paper, which corresponds to the popular court literature in the Heian period. “Yu Jiacaozi” likes to make a court story and there is no shortage of folk stories. One of the most representative is the story of “One inch Master”. One inch of the Master is the old man who touched the gods. Although he was short, but the inch of the Master was very angry, he used the straw as the sheath and decided to go to Kyoto as a knife. The back is the cliché story of the Master who defeated the evil spirits and married the princess.
Although the majority of the Japanese folklore are weird, most of them are closely related to human society. Japanese folklore beliefs believe that monsters also have spirits, and monsters have sentiments. They can live in peace with them through offerings or repelling sacrifices. This concept is particularly evident in traditional Japanese festivals.
The day before Li Chun was called “segmentation” in Japan. In traditional customs, temples or ordinary families will hold the “Sand Bean Exorcism” activity on this day, so this day is also known as “Sado Festival”. From the owner of the family or the man of the birth year, he sprinkles the bean in the direction of the northeast, which is considered to be the gate of the ghost. When he sprinkles, he still reads “Ghosts go out, Fujin comes.” After the beans are sown, the whole family will rush to pick up the beans and eat them. Folklore, as long as you eat the same number of beans as your own age, will be able to bless this year. The beans used to exorcise ghosts need to be cooked first. The Japanese yin and yang five-line theory believes that hard soybeans and ghosts are attributed to metallic sex. The fried soybeans are equivalent to fire grams, so that the beans can surrender to ghosts.
Every March 3rd is the exclusive festival for Japanese girls – the festival of girls, also known as the doll festival. This festival originated from the rituals of our country. On this day, the Japanese prayed and blessed the girls to thrive, each family set up a doll frame of different sizes, and the parents placed the mahogany carved little doll on the bedside of the daughter to help the daughter drive the ghost. Town evil. Girls will wear beautiful kimonos this day and will receive gifts from friends and relatives. In the evening, the dolls and supplies in red paper were placed on the round cover and discharged into the river. The Japanese hoped that the exiled dolls could replace themselves and the sickness and drift away.
There are also many festivals in the summer that evolved from the Bon Festival. In addition to the Tanabata Festival and the Bon Festival, the summer festival also includes the spontaneous sacrifices of the local people and the large and small shrines. Festival activities. One of the most famous summer festivals is the Tokyo Kanda Festival, the Kyoto Gion Festival and the Osaka Tenjin Festival, which are known as the “Three Great Festivals”. The Kanda Festival is in May, while the Gion Festival and the Tenjin Festival are in July. The Gion Festival in Kyoto has the longest and most famous history. It originated in BC BC, a popular plague in Kyoto in the Heian period. At that time, the Yin and Yang priests thought that it was a ghost god named Niutou Tianwang, so the Gion Shrine (later the Yasaka Shrine) The residents used the 66 sticks to build the shrine to pull the statues of the shrine to the city for sightseeing. They were called the “Guanyuan Yuling Society” and later evolved into a garden festival to expel the plague and pray for peace every year.
TIPS: The most powerful demon here
Emperor Zongde is the 75th emperor of Japan. The previous generation of Emperor Toba forced him to abdicate and let his younger brother, Prince. After the death of Emperor Toba, the emperor brothers called the “war of the Yuan Dynasty” for the throne. The Emperor Zongde, who was exiled after the defeat, died in the praise of the country. The resentment of the Emperor of Chongde is called “the first demon king of Japan.” Legend has it that his grievances have become the Baifengshan Xiangmofang Datian dog, which continues to be chaotic in the world. In order to calm the grievances, the Baifeng Jingu Temple was established in Baifeng Mountain to worship, and the sacrifice to the Baifeng Jingu Temple became one of the most famous spiritual beliefs in Japanese history.
The slicker ghost, also known as the Skull Ghost, is an image of a bald old man wearing a luxurious kimono. The slippery ghost in Japanese folklore is one of the leaders of the monster. In the evening, when everyone is too busy, he will not come to the house, walk into the house, and sit in the living room to drink tea. The family will also think about which one is this, but in the end it will be distracted because it is too busy to see through his true colors. The power of the slicker is to understand the hearts of the people, but the owner can not refuse to enter the hall of others, so it is said that he often comes out to mediate the dispute between the monsters.
Wine swallowing boy
The legendary monster leader of the Heian period in Japan is a teenager with a handsome appearance. Legend has it that he specifically seduce virgins and cut off their precious parts to drink. Because of alcoholism, he is known as a wine-sucking boy. Legend has it that the wine-swallowing boy who lived on the Danjiang National River and the mountains gathered a group of evil spirits. They did not do evil, built a palace of iron casting privately, sneaked into the wealthy home to steal treasures at night, and took away women and children as their food. In the end, in the “death of the wine to swallow the boy”, the famous source Lai Guang and “Laiguang four kings” and the wine swallowing war, and finally the wine swallowed the boy was Lai Yuanguang with the famous knife “children cut An Gang” to hold the first level.
The gossip snake is a monster in Japanese ancient mythology. According to the records of the “History of the Ancients” and “The Japanese Secretary,” he has eight heads and eight tails. His stomach is always bloody, like a smashed, and often floats overhead. With the rain cloud (the sky clouds), the body is as big as eight mountain peaks and eight valleys, and I like drinking very much. It often eats the girl as a sacrifice in the clouds, and is finally drunk and killed by the male wine, and finds the Tian Congyun sword, one of the three great Japanese artifacts, from its tail.
The biggest connection with the monster culture is the “Orange Festival”, which is the July 15th of the lunar calendar. This festival is derived from the story of the Buddha in the Buddhist scriptures, “Buddha said in the Bonan Basin”. The Sanskrit is intended to be “rescuing the hanging”. The disciples of Sakyamuni witnessed the suffering of the hungry ghosts in hell. The mother, taking the five flavors and five fruits in the basin to support the over ten evil spirits. This festival is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival in China. In South Korea, it is also known as the “Baizhong Festival”. The “Ban Lan Festival” was introduced to Japan. It gradually evolved into the second largest festival in Japan, around the Bonan Festival every year. Japan will have a holiday for one to two weeks, and people have rushed back to their hometown relatives and friends to reunite and sacrifice their ancestors. During the holiday season, the family set the soul to welcome the ancestors. And in order to let the soul of the deceased go smoothly to the yin and yang world, Japan will make a pony sacrifice with cucumber and eggplant for the ancestors to ride. In many areas, river lights will be sent to the ancestors in the river. The Bon Festival is called the Ghost Festival. Folklore, the first lunar month of the lunar calendar opened in the first month of July, and passed the sacred gate of the Bonan Festival. Therefore, it gradually became the saying that “the hundred ghosts walked in July and a half.” In the literary deduction, “Hundred Ghost Nights” also deviated from the time limit of the Bon Festival, especially in the works depicting the Heian period of Japan. When night falls, the hundred ghosts will come out, from the Luoshengmen through the Suzaku of Pingjing. Avenue. There is also a famous legend about Bai Geng Night Tour Ping An: The source of the source of the Laiguang, Watanabe, and his friends bet that he can finish the Suzaku Avenue without encountering ghosts. As a result, Watanabe met with the Takimu boy who turned into a beautiful woman. In the Wujo Ferry, the Tochigi boy appeared in the original shape and wanted to attack the Watanabe. The result was that the right hand was cut off by Watanabe. This is also the name of the knife.