The Amazon rain forest has been in frequent fires this year. According to the Brazilian news website “G1” on the 21st, from January to August this year, the Brazilian National Space Research Institute (INPE) has detected more than 72,000 fires. There were only over 40,000 fires in the Amazon rainforest area during the same period last year. In this regard, Brazilian President Bossonaro said that the fire in the Amazon rainforest is normal, not a man-made disaster.
According to INPE, from the 15th to the 20th of this month, the satellite detected more than 9,500 mountain fires, most of which occurred in the Amazon. The Amazon State has announced that the southern region and the capital, Manaus, have entered a state of emergency. In addition, the number of fires in the Amazon rainforest this year has increased significantly by 83% over the same period last year, causing major damage to the environment and natural ecology. The smoke from the Amazon rainforest fire spread with strong winds, and even São Paulo, 2,700 kilometers away, also appeared as a night, for nearly an hour.
Brazil’s “UOL” website said that for the fire of the Amazon rainforest, Brazilian President Bossano was dissatisfied with the accusation, saying that “in the past everyone called me the chainsaw captain (referring to his indulging in deforestation), now I have become the Amazon burning Nero (the Roman emperor who sent people to burn the Roman city).” For the frequent occurrence of fire, Bosonaro said that this is the “season of slash and burn”, but the peasants are burning the forest to open up wasteland, not a real fire.
It is understood that from May to October each year is the dry season in the Amazon rainforest area. According to INPE, the dry season is one of the causes of the fire, but this year’s rainfall in the Amazon region is only slightly below average, and there is no abnormality, so human activities are the main culprit.
Since Bosonaro’s sworn in in January, his policy of accelerating the development of the Amazon rainforest has been controversial. The BBC said that over the past 10 years, the Brazilian government has been working hard to change the area of tropical rainforests, including severe fines for deforestation. However, since January this year, the destruction of the Amazon rainforest has accelerated. INPE recently said that in June alone, the area of the Amazon rainforest was reduced by 88% year-on-year. However, Bosonaro believes that the INPE data is not true and undermines the image of Brazil. In early August, Bosonaro defeated INPE Dean Garvin.