Pharmacy Museum

The campus of Jiangning Campus of China Pharmaceutical University is equipped with flowers and trees, green grass and herbs. Into the Jiangsu Pharmaceutical Museum (also known as the Chinese Pharmaceutical University Pharmacy Museum), in addition to smelling the flowers, you can also smell the long-lasting medicinal fragrance, through the ages, infiltrating the hearts of the people.

The history of the millennium medicine, witnessing the vicissitudes and changes of the era

Founded in 1936, Jiangsu Pharmaceutical Museum was originally a medicinal plant specimen room of China Pharmaceutical University. After more than 80 years of continuous collection, sorting and expansion, it has developed into a domestic medical college. The largest Chinese medicine museum.

The museum has a total construction area of ​​1,800 square meters and consists of two exhibition halls. The second floor exhibition hall is a pharmacy history and a special specimen exhibition hall. The third floor exhibition hall is a comprehensive exhibition hall of Chinese medicine, marine medicine and modern pharmacy.

Walking into the second floor of the museum, the first thing that comes to my attention is the different medical instruments used by the Chinese since ancient times. From the initial stone and porcelain utensils to the later various metal appliances, the more specialized, the more The more beautiful it is.

As early as in ancient times, people living in the land of China began to explore ways to treat diseases. In the Neolithic Age, people learned to make simple medical devices with raw materials such as bones and jade, and tried to treat them with some natural drugs. The Pharmacy Museum contains many Neolithic jade needles, bone needles and meteorites unearthed in Jiangsu. The meteorites are still used by Chinese medicine practitioners.

In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, medical equipment was especially delicate and ingenious. The text description reads “Qing Dynasty: engraved dragon pattern, royal treasures.”

There is also a spoon in the showcase. Is it the wrong place for the exhibit? In fact, this is a pediatric applicator for Chinese medicine surgery in the late Qing Dynasty. The spoon is hollow, and there is a lid on the spoon. When the lid is opened, the medicine can be poured into the lid, and then the medicine flows directly to the throat along the handle of the spoon. Thus, the child can not taste the pain when drinking the medicine, which shows the wisdom of the ancients.

The museum has specially restored a scene of the pharmacy at the time. The plaque on the top of the door reads the three characters of “Maocaotang”, and the “treasurer” is said to be the medicine on the counter. The plaque on both sides of the gate reads “Ginseng Guiyan, Hulu Xianjiao” and “Refined Pieces, Cream Dan Pill”. The former refers to eight kinds of valuable Chinese herbal medicines that are familiar to everyone, while the latter is a different medium-sized medicine. The two add up to be a clever advertisement.

The orderly showcases, a variety of traditional Chinese medicine appliances, vivid Qing dynasty pharmacies reappeared, and they walked quietly to the visitors about the stories related to the “medicine”.

The treasure of the town hall, the unearthed herbs can be preserved

I have long heard that the treasure of the town hall here – Changsha Mawangdui thousand years of non-corruption female body holding the mysterious medicine in the bag, can not wait to run to find out.

The medicines in the bag are processed into irregular blocks or small pieces. After 2100 years, the appearance has become dry and dark brown, which is difficult to distinguish.

In order to uncover the Chinese herbal medicines in the bag, around 1973, Academician Xu Guozhen of China Pharmaceutical University identified the Maoxiang, Galang, Cinnamon, Duheng, Perrin, Zanjiao, and Xinyi with powder microscopic identification techniques. Ginger, Sakamoto and other medicinal materials, and later opened the discipline of drug archaeology.

The identified medicinal herbs have a common feature. They all contain aromatic oils and have certain antibacterial effects, which can be used for preservation and preservation. Therefore, it may not be accidental to use these drugs in tombs. Although the unearthed drugs have lost their effectiveness in carbonization, some experts still speculate that they are the mystery of the thousands of female corpses.

While learning about the legendary story of the treasure of the town hall, it also makes people feel the wisdom of the ancients.

30,000 “life specimens” locked in time

Traditional Chinese medicine is a traditional discipline unique to China. It is not only Chinese who study natural medicine. The more than 260 bottles of Merck raw drug specimens on the second floor are one of the only three sets in China. They have been preserved for more than 70 years, so they are precious. The Merck Group is one of the world’s oldest family-owned pharmaceutical and chemical companies, and one of the first companies in the world to research and develop natural medicines. Its history dates back to 1668. In the 1930s, Merck used the method of plant taxonomy to classify and identify botanicals around the world, standardize the Latin name, form standard medicines for raw medicine, and market them all over the world. In 1936, the National Pharmaceutical College (predecessor of China Pharmaceutical University) was established. At that time, the education department spent a lot of money to purchase the Merck biomedical specimens for the school.

In fact, China Pharmaceutical University also has a larger number of natural medicine specimens than the Merck biomedical specimens, and the number is more than 10,000. If you change the specimen bottle into a book, it is a huge library. It is worth mentioning that these specimens are not purchased in one lump sum, but the teachers and students of China Pharmaceutical University started from the founding of the school. After 80 years of continuous collection, the value cannot be estimated. They are collected by successive students to the mountains. After the students have finished taking the medicine, they will identify the families, genera and species of the plants together with the professors, and record their detailed growth time, place of origin, collection of people and Latin names before they can be placed. Store in the specimen bottle.

Through the exhibition window, you can see every vein on the branches and leaves, as well as every twist on the veins. Some of them are sealed on paper by wax, and some are infiltrated in water. Although the smell of medicine is not smelling, it seems to be refreshing. This traditional ancient rhyme and faint medicinal fragrance not only relieves the body and mind of the patients, but also allows us to moisturize them, and the mood becomes pure and peaceful.