Canada, a country without foreign enemies, a country that promotes peace, has taken the initiative to participate in many foreign wars. By helping the UK win two world wars, it has gradually deepened its independence.
Canada’s national training is generally summarized in three words: peace, order, and good governance. It should not be a militant country, and its geographical location is also determined. It is hard to be threatened by foreign enemies – Canada is on the three sides of the sea, while the south is a completely undefended border nearly 10,000 kilometers from the United States. In theory, the possibility of a Canadian foreign war is extremely small.
However, history tells us that Canada’s founding of the country is a gradual process of gradual progress, and this process is accompanied by foreign wars. In a certain sense, it can be said that foreign war is one of the most important motivations for its gradual deepening of independence.
More than 200,000 casualties in World War I
Ottawa, the capital of Canada, has two central points, one is Capitol Hill, and the other is the National War Memorial standing in Federation Square. The main part of the monument is a group of Canadian soldiers who rushed to the battlefield. They seem to lack a dauntless heroic spirit and impassioned passion for sacrifice. It is like a group of farmers and workers who carry various tools and go to work. . In essence, this reflects the temperament of the Canadians and determines whether to do something, and to be determined, calm, and difficult to move forward.
The monument is engraved with the time of the foreign wars that Canada participated in. “1914-1918”, the First World War, when Canada was the “dominant leader” of the United Kingdom, it should be an automatic war; but since the implementation of the North American Act of 1867, Canada has its own independent government system and parliament, as well as independence. The economic system and the independent army, participation in the war is not justified.
At that time, the British Canadians had deep feelings for the fatherland and volunteered to join the army. The French Canadians were disgusted and opposed. They loved the French cultural tradition, but they lacked affection for their father country, France. After all, they It was a group abandoned by France after the British-French war because of the French defeat. After controversy, Canadians crossed the Atlantic in the form of “volunteers”.
The Canadian army, which lacked combat experience and lacked training, was initially considered a “novice” force. However, the perseverance and calmness of the Canadians who grew up in the wilderness and forests in the cold weather gradually revealed their sharpness and became the most reliable army in the Allies. The biggest highlight is the “Battle of Vimy Ridge” – the British and French troops have suffered heavy casualties, repeatedly attacking, and still unable to capture the Vimy Ridge, replaced the Canadian army, and succeeded in one fell swoop. This is one of the important battles of World War I.
However, in 1917, the Allies were in trouble. Canadian Prime Minister Boden inspected the European battlefield and felt that he had to increase his investment in the army before he could win. Britain and France have been exhausted, and the source of Canadian volunteers has been exhausted. It is necessary to recruit troops to solve the difficulties. However, the conscription proposal was unprecedentedly opposed, especially by French Canadians. Boden used a series of political means, including the dissolution of the parliament to re-election, the formation of a coalition government and other measures, finally passed the drafting bill, and added more than 100,000 soldiers to the European battlefield.
In the First World War, Canada invested more than 600,000 soldiers and injured more than 200,000. At that time, Canada’s total population was less than 9 million, which was a major sacrifice. However, due to the demand of the “World War I” arms industry, Canada has become a powerful industrialized country from a literate agro-forestry fishery country.
More importantly, conservative, even a bit slow Canadians grow strong independence. After the First World War, the United Kingdom recognized Canada as the main country of the Commonwealth and was equal to the United Kingdom. It was one of the signatories to the Treaty of Versailles. Canada will no longer be considered by other countries to be just a British colony.
The Canadian National War Memorial was actually built by Canadians who died in the war. So the monument was only engraved with “1914-1918”. However, a few years after the monument was built, World War II broke out.
Defending Hong Kong’s defeat in World War II
In 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany. Of course, Canada, like its mighty neighbor in the south, the United States, can make a huge profit by selling rich resources and industrial products. However, out of the feelings of the United Kingdom, and of course the sense of justice, after a week of hesitation, it also declared war on Germany and sent troops to fight side by side with the United Kingdom.
In World War II, the Canadian army suffered two defeats. One was in the defense of Hong Kong, and the whole army was wiped out. One was in the battle of Dieppe, and it was almost completely destroyed. The failure of the Hong Kong defending war is helpless, and there are all kinds of major mistakes in Dieppe’s landing. However, it gained valuable experience for the subsequent landing of Normandy. It can be said that in a certain sense, it is the sacrifice of Canadian soldiers that made the Normandy landing successful.
The Canadian Legion also participated in the Battle of Normandy and entered the Netherlands to liberate the Dutch who were hungry and even stalked with golden stalks. So far, the Dutch are grateful to the Canadians, and they donate 100,000 tulip bulbs from the Canadian capital Ottawa every year.
In World War II, Canada, with a population of only 11 million, mobilized more than 1 million people to participate in the war. History is always repeated. Like World War I, Canada was still a voluntary military service in the early days, because unlike other warring states, Canada was not directly threatened by war. Even the then Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King vowed not to impose a conscription system. At the critical moment of the war in 1944, he also had to renege on his words, risking the collapse of the cabinet, and recruiting tens of thousands of troops to the other side of the ocean.
At the end of the Second World War, Canada was equal to other big powers as the founding member of the United Nations. However, it did not have the national anthem, the national flag, or even the constitutional power. The prime minister was still vacant with a “Governor” appointed by the Queen of England. However, after the blood and fire of “World War II”, Canada was justified as an independent country. On the pedestal of the “National War Memorial”, it was natural to add “1938-1945”.
Canada is growing: On February 15, 1965, the official Maple Leaf flag rose in the Capitol, which was also designated by the Canadians as the Canadian Flag Day; on July 1, 1980 (Canada Day), “Ah, Canada It was officially confirmed as the national anthem; the Queen of England also approved the independent Canadian Constitution in 1982, that is, Canadians can independently formulate and amend the Constitution.
After independence, the independence is growing
Economically, Canada is highly dependent on the United States. In theory, the relationship between Canada and the United States should be closer. However, the famous Canadian scholar Northrop Frye pointed out: “From a historical perspective, Canadians are Americans who refused to be independent revolutions.” It is also a country that is independent from the colonies. The United States uses blood and fire to gain independence. And Canada gains independence through consultation and peace through its loyalty and even selfless support.
Therefore, regardless of cultural origins and cultural traditions, or national temperament and national character, Canadians are more inclined to the distant Britain than to the United States.
On July 1, 2018, on Canada’s National Day, I was surprised to see that in the capital of Alberta, Edmonton, in the provincial parliament building, in addition to the Canadian flag and provincial flag, there is still a high flying United Kingdom. National flag! Moreover, Canadians believe that this is completely normal.
Even the side of the “National War Memorial” has been engraved with “1899-1902” in recent years. This is a memorial to the soldiers who have sacrificed to participate in the “Boer War” to help the United Kingdom. Whether the “Boer War” is a just war is a matter of great controversy. In order to separate from Canada’s Tiannanhaibei, thousands of Canadian young people have been killed or injured. It is indeed real.
Ten years ago, I visited the National War Memorial and found that the other side was also engraved with “1950-1953”. In 2017, I went to Ottawa and found that “2001-2014” was added. These are all related to the United Nations.
As a founding member and an important member of the United Nations, Canada actively participates in various military activities authorized by the United Nations. In the “Korean War” that broke out in 1950, Canadian soldiers also volunteered to go to war, tens of thousands of people, and more than 1,000 casualties. However, the Canadian government has always stressed that the war should only be carried out until the “38th line” is restored. This is established by the United Nations.
In the first “Gulf War”, Canada also participated because of the UN mandate. The second “Gulf War” launched by the United States and Britain was not passed at the United Nations. Canada refused to participate. It did not take into account the British sentiments, and made the US President George W. Bush a great fire. This essentially shows that the independence of Canada after the founding of the country is growing.
Canada’s active participation in the UN’s military operations is also manifested in the fact that the then Canadian Foreign Minister Pierre actively created a UN peacekeeping force and he won the Nobel Peace Prize. According to statistics, the Canadian army is the only army that has participated in all UN peacekeeping operations. The Canadians are also proud to have built a giant statue of the “Blue Helmets” in the capital. This is the source of “2001-2014” to commemorate the Canadian soldiers who died in peacekeeping operations in Kosovo and Afghanistan.
Canada, a country without foreign enemies, a country that promotes peace, has actively and even actively participated in many foreign wars, helping other countries’ wars, and has suffered heavy casualties. The process of history is full of condolences. Canada has developed from these former colonies into a highly independent and self-confident country.