Bodh Gaya, World Buddhist Architecture Museum

For the memory of India, it was originally from the “Journey to the West” that I saw when I was a child. The four men of Tang Yin and the disciples went to the West to learn from the scriptures. At that time, I thought that all over India should be a Buddhist temple. Now it is really coming, but there is almost no trace of Buddhism on this land.

However, although Hindus account for the largest proportion, Buddhists have been difficult to trace, but here is still the holy place in the hearts of Buddhists around the world, and the most believers are longing for Bodh Gaya.

Bodh Gaya is known as the “World Buddhist Center”. The reason why this Buddha can have such honor is because Buddha Sakyamuni meditated under a bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya and after meditation on July 7 and 49, he finally realized it. Buddha.

Just after the train, like most Indian cities, Bodh Gaya’s train station is crowded with people, and there are noisy tricycles and tugs.

Sitting in the tricycle and entering the town, the hustle and bustle behind him gradually drifted away. A peaceful and peaceful encounter came, and various Buddhist temples along the tree-lined path were patchwork. The tricycle driver used the unique Indian accent English to describe the name of each temple passing by. “Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Nepal…” These various Buddhist temples come from all over the world. At this moment, they are like walking through a world Buddhist temple building. In the museum, almost all the Buddhist kingdoms or regions you know will come here to camp and show their admiration for the Buddha. The architectural styles of these monasteries vary greatly, and it is not difficult to feel the evolution of Buddhism in the process of spreading to the rest of the world.

Before getting off the bus, the tricycle driver told me that if you don’t want to live in a hotel, some monasteries can also borrow. I decided to live in a Tibetan monastery. When I entered the door, the staff was cleaning the hall. When I saw that I was alone, I was taken to a room on the back side of the hospital. The price was not expensive. The room was simple and clean. When I left, no one came over to check. Just take the key. Hanging on the door, everything is so casual and natural.

Not far from the residence is the Bhutanese monastery, which is painted with beautiful murals. At the moment, in the afternoon, the believers gradually dispersed and came to many surrounding villagers. They are not trying to burn incense, but to drink water. You know that in India, if you want to drink clean water, you have to spend money. There is a water filter in the temple of Bhutan, and the surrounding people can come here to get water for free.

A wall is separated from a Japanese temple, and there are often believers from Japan who come here to meditate. The size of the Japanese temple is not small, and there are several children in the empty yard playing. The temple’s main hall is the style of a typical Japanese temple, simple but not too solemn. In the front of the main hall, there are recent activities in Japanese, Hindi and English. The Buddha statue in the main hall is lit by candlelight, and a Japanese monk is meditating there.

Compared to the elegant and quiet of the Japanese temple, the temples in Thailand are much more lively. The temples of Thai temples are covered with gold foil, and the carvings on the walls are exquisite. The vegetation in the small garden behind the temple is competing. The decoration in the hall is also magnificent. The floor is covered with red carpets. The Buddha statues of the golden body are enshrined in the middle. Several Thai monks are worshipping Buddhas and worshippers. The believers are separated by a wooden fence.

However, the exquisite architecture cannot hide the light of the Mahabodhi Temple. At the heart of the entire Bodh Gaya is the Mahabodhi Temple, which is a symbol of the Buddha’s Sakyamuni enlightenment and was included in the World Heritage List in 2002.

According to legend, the temple was built in the 2nd century AD. In order to avoid the destruction of religion in the 13th century, the Buddhists buried the Dazheng Pagoda until 1188, when the magnificent pagoda was excavated, it was able to reproduce the world. There are countless Buddhists who come here every year for pilgrimage. This tower seems to have become the spiritual symbol of Buddha Sakyamuni.

The size of the temple is not large, but it needs to be barefoot. At this time, in the summer of India, the stone road is hot, but it can’t stop the piety of the believers. Every believer quietly took off his shoes and socks and walked along the main road to the stupa. The tower is 9 stories high and each floor is engraved with exquisite Buddhist reliefs. The interior of the stupa is dedicated to an early Buddha statue of Sakyamuni, who is exquisitely crafted and lifelike.

Behind the stupa is the linden tree in which the legendary Sakyamuni enlightened into the Buddha. The huge trunks and lush foliage seem to be showing the pilgrimage to the worshippers. There are five or six different styles under the tree. The monks are chanting the scriptures.

Listening to the monks who are sweeping the floor, this tree is not the original linden tree, but its grandson. It is said that the former Bodhi tree was cast a stinger because of the jealousy of Ashoka’s wife. Before the death, a small sapling was secretly taken to Sri Lanka by the daughter of Ashoka and grew and sprouted. The linden tree we see today is the descendant of that little sapling.

But the believers did not care about this. What they care about is that Shakyamuni once sat here and realized that he became a Buddha.

Walking out of the Mahabodhi Temple, not far away, I saw the familiar Chinese plaque, which is where the Chinese Dajue Temple is located, and the intimacy is suddenly multiplied. However, unlike the temples in the country, the style is a mix and match. It is only after hearing the introduction of the monks in the temple that the temple was funded by the overseas Chinese of India, so it will inevitably have a different taste.

All of this is unimaginable decades ago. Listening to the locals, Lalu said that before the rise of Buddhist tourism, Bihar, where Bodh Gaya was located, was one of the poorest areas in India. Many people on weekdays. The income is difficult to maintain food and clothing. Nowadays, the arrival of Buddhists all over the world has not only restored the Buddhism once here, but also brought the local economy. Bodh Gaya has also become the base camp of many charities.