The Millennium Dream of Western Merchants

Marco Polo was born nearly 900 years ago. Before and after his birth, his father and uncle had been in Beijing for several years and met Kublai Khan. Kublai sent them back to Rome to ask the Pope for the lamp oil and the hundred scholars in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre to teach their subjects the Christian and Western customs.

When they set off again to China, they brought 17-year-old Marco Polo. Because of the love of Kublai, Polo and his party stayed in China for 17 years. When I finally returned to Europe, it coincided with the war of homeland, and Marco was imprisoned. It was in prison that Mark told the prisoners about the legendary experience of himself and his father, and was recorded by the heartfelt prisoners. This became the “Marco Polo Travels” that is well known in the world and is still widely circulated.

The Baltic family is a Venetian businessman. They are not afraid of hardships and hardships, and they have come to China with thousands of miles and waters. They are naturally recognized by the world as being attracted by China’s great wealth. However, the actual situation may not be that simple. The era of the active Baltic family was the heyday of the Mongol Empire, which spanned two continents of Europe and Asia. Most of the business activities of the Baltic family are carried out on the territory of the empire. Although it is the largest empire in the history of mankind, the Mongol Empire has never really reunified. The wars inside and outside its territory are frequent and almost never stopped.

When Marco’s father and uncle started from Venice, they did not expect to use China as their destination. They only came to avoid the war, and they were close to China. The last stop before their arrival in the Yuan Dynasty was the Ilhan State (the territory of southern Central Asia and West Asia). They were sent by Xu Lie, the founder of the Ilhan State, to see the brother of Xu Lie, the great sweat of Kublai, before they came to Beijing.

The older and more famous Chinese-Western trade than Marco Polo was on the Silk Road. The term “Silk Road” sounds very modern and is like an imported translation. Ancient people did not have the concept of the Silk Road. The concept of the Silk Road was not proposed by a German traveller until the end of the 19th century. It was gradually accepted by the academic community for decades, and it was slowly spread in the early and mid-20th century.

Even though merchants and nobles in ancient Greece and ancient Rome did have many people who touched soft and smooth silk, their imagination of the silk producing area was very vague. They probably know that there is a country called Serica at the extremes of the world, living in the color of the Seres. Because the “color” and “silk” sounds are similar, it is generally believed that the color of the color is the silk country, and it is very likely that it is China.

The ancient Westerners who did not know the principles of silk production had the dream of starting silk directly from the source. In the “Han Han Shu”, there are several records of the Roman emperor’s mission to worship, but there is no corresponding record in the annals of the Roman Empire. Therefore, those who claim to be Roman emperors are most likely to be middlemen from Central Asia.

The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty, close to each other because of the expansion, the Mongolian Empire after the millennium extended the territory directly to Eastern Europe, thus making the Polo family’s trip to China possible. “Marco Polo’s Travels” has changed everything, making China’s “hard-to-seek” in the eyes of Western businessmen suddenly “clouds are annihilated or awkward”. The wealth of the East has become an important driving force in the era of great navigation.

When the politician became the clerk of the merchant, the West overcame the attitude of the Chinese emperor under the escort of the ship, and the Western merchants gradually realized that the real wealth of the East is its huge population (consumer). So, I started the dream of “giving one inch of each Chinese’s long gown”. However, the reality is that its own stores are full of smart and smart Chinese manufacturing.