On June 11, 1919, Chen Duxiu’s white hat suit was arrested and imprisoned when he personally went to the streets of Beijing to distribute the “Beijing Citizens’ Declaration.” The news spread quickly throughout the country, and all walks of life and provinces exchanged letters and correspondence, demanding the release of Chen Duxiu. In the list of 69 people who have signed a bail on the academic community, there are famous professors and ordinary middle school teachers; there are new and old people. Even Tian Tong, who opposed the May Fourth Movement, also issued a letter requesting the immediate release of Chen Duxiu. Under the pressure of all parties, Chen Duxiu resumed his freedom. In this regard, Hu Shi still remembered after 6 years. In December 1925, he wrote a letter to Chen Duxiu after the incident of “Beijing Massacre Burning Morning Newspaper Hall” said: “I remember when you were detained in the police station in the Republic of China for eight years, Among the people who signed you to rescue you are the Tongcheng School’s ancient writer Ma Tongbo and Yao Shujie. I remember that when I was in Taoliyuan that night, I felt a kind of happiness in my heart. I think there is a bright line in this dark society: against the vernacular In the fiercest air of literature, there are actually a few ancient Chinese who are willing to be famous to protect you. This society is still barely able to get a ‘human society’ and a little bit of humanity.”
In December 1825, in order to oppose the serf system and the tsarist autocracy, Russian revolutionaries launched an armed uprising. These revolutionaries were called “Decembers.” After the failure of the uprising, the Tsarist government brutally persecuted the December party and smashed the five leaders of the December party. After the execution of the death penalty, the authorities held a grand prayer ceremony at the Moscow Kremlin to celebrate. At that time, the great Russian writer Herzen was just a teenager. Thirty years later, Herzen wrote: “I took part in prayer. I was only 14 years old and I was hidden in the crowd. I was there, in front of the altar that was tainted by bloody rituals, I vowed to replace Those who were executed avenged their revenge with this throne, with this altar, and with these cannons.” He solemnly confided his feelings and determination to his teacher. The teacher always reprimanded Herzen and said, “You will not have a good future.” But when he learned about the spiritual world of Herzen, he couldn’t help but say, “I did think that you would not have a good future, but you Noble feelings will save you. I hope these feelings mature and solidify in you.”
On July 15, 1907, the 32-year-old Qiu Jin was decapitated at the Guxuan Pavilion in Shaoxing, Zhejiang. Shanyin County ordered Li Zhongyue not to torture and confess, but only let Qiu Jin write his own confession, so he left the desperate poem of “Autumn Wind, Autumn Rain and Sorrow”. After obtaining the re-issuance of the Zhejiang governor and agreeing that “the autumn will be the first law,” Shaoxing Zhifu Guifu immediately summoned Li Zhongyue and ordered him to execute. Li Zhongyue said: “There are two offerings and certificates, and Anneng killing people?” After the death of Qiu Jin, Li Zhongyue often watched alone, silently hiding the autumn ink of the autumn, “the autumn wind and the autumn rain,” and silently shed tears, eventually committing suicide on October 29. It’s less than a hundred days since the fall of Qiu. Another person is Shaoxing’s “Criminal Court of the Ministry of the People’s Republic of China”, surnamed Chen, “When you run the Qiuqiu case, you will resign.” Qiu Yu once said to his friend Xu Zihua: “If you are unfortunately sacrificed, you are willing to bury your bones.” After five and a half months of autumn, Xu Zihua braved the hurricane and snow over the Qiantang River, and discussed with the Qiuqi family to relocate the West Lake. thing. Xu Zihua and Qiu Qiu’s brother Qiu Yuzhang bought a piece of land at the Xiqiao Bridge under the Lonely Mountain in West Lake. On January 25, 1908, Qiu Jin was finally buried at the West Lake. The tombstone is engraved with 10 characters: “Hey, the tomb of Jianhu female Xia Qiu.” The word is a friend Wu Zhi’s handwritten book.
On September 3, 1966, after experiencing the abuse of copying and fighting, the famous translator Fu Lei died in the bedroom. Her name is Jiang Xiaoyan, and she has nothing to do with Fu. She just liked to read Fu Lei’s translation since she was a child. She was learning piano with the piano teacher. The daughter of the piano teacher is a student of the Shanghai Conservatory of Music, bringing back an unbelievable news: “Fu Lei and his wife both committed suicide.” Then they said: “Fu family belongs to the Black Five class and commits suicide. Keep the ashes!” These news made her fidgety and couldn’t sleep at night. A sense of justice, a kind of injustice to the fate of Fu Jia, drove her to bravely come forward and carried out a series of secret operations – all of which were not even known to her parents! She appeared in the funeral home of the country, claiming to be Fu Lei’s “dry daughter”, in any case required to save the ashes of the Fu Lei couple. She was so earnest and finally touched the hearts of the staff. She put the Fu Lei couple’s casket into a large plastic bag and transferred it to the Yongan Cemetery for storage. In order to avoid accidents, Fu Lei’s number was written on the casket during the registration – Fu Nu’an.
According to Lu You’s “Rescuing the Summer”, in the third year of the reign of Emperor Song Taizu in 962, Song Taizu secretly engraved a stone monument in a chamber of the Temple of Tai Temple, covered with a yellow drapery with a gold rim. Locked outside, the guards are very strict. And leave the rules, the emperor will come to the chamber to recite the oath on the tablet every time he comes to the temple to worship the ancestors and the new emperor. There are only three lines on the stone tablet: “The descendants of Chai’s sons are not allowed to add a penalty for sin. If they are guilty of rebellion, they will be punished in prison. They must not be punished by the city, nor should they sit on the branch; they must not kill the doctors and the writers; The descendants have this swearer, and the sky will be smashed.” From the historical records, after Zhao Yu became the Great Song, he continued to implement the preferential treatment policy for the royal family in the latter week, without any arbitrary destruction. For those who have the merits of being emperors, he is doing the most kind of all the emperors in China, that is, “the right to release the wine.” During the ruling period, Song Taizu did not kill almost one of his heroes, and he also formed an ancestral family law, that is, it is not allowed to kill the minister easily.
On November 18, 1936, Lu Xun passed away for a month. Su Xuelin, a female writer of the “New Moon School”, wrote a long letter to Hu Shi, calling Lu Xun a “small and innocent, sinister, incomprehensible and incomprehensible villain.” On December 14, Hu Shih, who was once Lu Xun’s “Jiao Da”, blamed Su Xuelin: “I am very sympathetic to your indignation, but I thought I didn’t have to attack his private behavior. Lu Xun attacked us, actually hurting us. Everything is a singularity… Everyone must be flat… Lu Xun has his own strengths. For example, his early literary works, such as his history of novel history, are all superior work…” Xu Guangping once wrote “The Complete Works of Lu Xun” He wrote a letter to Hu Shi, asking him to “try hard to introduce” to the Commercial Press. Hu Shi “gives a favor”, and after careful questioning whether there is a copyright issue, he handed his personal letter to Wang Yunwu to Xu Guangping and Ma Yuzao. It was with Hu Shi’s introduction that Wang Yunwu was “very willing to do his best”. Xu Guangping sent a letter to Hu Shi, thanking him for his “promoting success” and calling him “the merits and demerits.”