“The award is really a disaster!” Doris Lessing, a British female writer who “sees the divided civilization with “skepticism, passion and imagination” and “embarrassed as the epic peak of female experience”, won Nobel in 2007. After the literary prize, he was troubled by the lack of energy and creativity in dealing with interviews and receptions. What makes him even more indignant is that in order to prevent the Nobel Prize from being diluted in the heavy estate tax, Lessing’s accountants constantly recommend that the bonuses be spent quickly, or that they should be sent quickly, winning less than a year. Almost half of the prize money has been given to children, grandchildren, and friends. After all, Lessing is 90 years old.
Since the establishment of the Nobel Prize at the beginning of the last century, it has started from $70,000, and it has been promoted by inflation and the foundation has been well-managed. By this year, the amount of individual awards has climbed to $1.4 million. How the Nobel Prize winner spent on this huge bonus, perhaps a little inspiration for Mr. Obama, who did not know the peace prize.
Just as Lessing gives the bonuses a lot of money, in countries with a heavy estate tax system, in order to encourage the transfer and flow of assets, the legal system always imposes some “penalties” on the huge legacy, on the one hand “robbing the rich and helping the poor” To achieve secondary distribution, on the one hand, encourage people to consume quickly, so as not to fall into the small Shenyang-style tragedy – the money is still useless, and people are gone.
The “Tax Avoidance Law” applies to senior age winners and is limited to countries and territories with inheritance taxes. Due to Nordic welfare countries such as Denmark, it is sometimes necessary to levy income tax of up to 60%. The actual amount of bonuses will sometimes be greatly reduced. However, income tax is a universal tax, and the time of collection is the time of collection, which is exactly the same as the inheritance tax. Therefore, income tax is not the main driving force for promoting “tax avoidance Dafa”.
The “Tax Avoidance Dafa” is inspired by the senior winners, either to give someone like Lessing, to donate, to set up an independent foundation, or to donate directly to charity.
For example, the former US President Theodore Roosevelt won the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize for successfully mediating the Russo-Japanese War. The award-winning year indicated that he was unable to travel to Europe during his tenure and was postponed to receive the prize. time. After Roosevelt was re-elected for two terms, he formed another party and prepared to sprint a new president, but he did not. Old Roosevelt stepped down as president in 1909, re-elected the president in 1912, and died in 1919 in the following years. In other words, when he retired from the presidency and went to Norway to receive the Nobel Prize, it was not much time. As a result, some of Roosevelt’s funds were donated to the relevant peace groups, and the rest were distributed to a relative who included the Italian Red Cross as a volunteer and some of his good friends.
My silver, I am the master
The background of the Nobel Prize is more esoteric or complex. From the time it was awarded to the recipient, it became a private property, and the sacred property of private property, so that most Nobel Prize winners choose to enjoy it alone or to control it alone.
Nobel Prize winners, some choose to buy a yacht, some choose to buy a luxury home, let yourself fully experience the “rich people” lifestyle. For example, the MIT professor of MIT, who was born in Italy, and the 1985 economic prize winner, Modigliani, spent a lot of money on the yacht. In the poor intellectual group, their “luxury” seemed to stand out. Wolfgang Ketterer, the 2001 physics creator of the Massachusetts professor, spent most of his money on a second-hand luxury home, and the rest was spent on children’s education.
In “exclusive use”, the most useful thing about financial management is probably former US President Woodrow Wilson. Wilson won the Peace Prize in 1920. He has the bonus in the Swedish bank and is prepared to use up to 5% interest per year as the main source of life after his president’s retirement. In the era of Wilson, once the US president retired, there was no such enviable pension and welfare as the President of the United States today. In those years, many of the legendary American retired presidents were destitute in their later years, such as “Father of the National Father” Jefferson, the founder of “Monroeism” and the “Grand Marshal” President Grant, all in a “poor” Passed away.
Naked donation is more style
Among the winners of the Nobel Prize, some people put the bonuses into another career, which is praise and admiration.
Mrs. Curie was the first female professor at the Sorbonne Theological Seminary in Paris. She was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize and the first scientist to win two Nobel Prizes in different subject areas (physics and chemistry). Einstein once commented that Madame Curie said that Madame Curie is a calm, noble and dedicated person. Really, all the prizes that Mrs. Curie will receive are devoted to further scientific research. This is also to say “where to go from where to go.”
Former US Vice President Al Gore also took out the prizes he received, and then invested in the world’s environmental protection and climate change. Former US President Carter is also a character. He uses the prize of the Peace Prize to commit himself to the cause of peace in the world. American human rights activist Martin Luther King almost used all the bonuses in human rights groups.
Ganter Blobel, who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 1999, donated all the prize money to a Catholic church in Dresden, Germany, as a fund for the repair of the church. German molecular biologist Folhard chose to take out some of the bonuses, set up a charity group to help young female scientists raise children, buy washing machines for them, and support them to continue research.
However, Aung San Suu Kyi, who won the Peace Prize in 1991, said that she used all the bonuses in Myanmar’s charitable funds, but the authorities accused most of their bonuses from being spent abroad and were suspected of tax evasion. It’s true and false, it’s not known for a moment.
Money to make up for the owe
There are also some bonus prizes for the Nobel Prize winners, which sounds full of human touch.
Einstein, because of his involvement in extramarital affairs, has been guilty of his ex-wife, and vowed to give his ex-wife a bonus if he wins the Nobel Prize. Another reason is that Einstein believes that his current scientific achievements, as well as the prelude of scientists, are also very helpful. Sure enough, less than two years after the whispering, the Nobel Prize finally fell into the hands of Einstein, who gave the prize to his ex-wife, Mileva Maric.
According to the US “Time” weekly report, Paul Greengard shared the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with two male researchers for discovering neuronal information transmission. Greengard used his income of about $400,000 to set up a new award: the Pearl Meister Greengard Award. The prize was named after his mother because the mother died when she was born. His intention to form the award was to establish the Women’s Nobel Prize to help eliminate gender discrimination in the scientific community. His charity, which was awarded in the name of the late mother, touched countless people.