”According to the current world population estimate, each person produces 300 kilograms of garbage per year. If the total amount of garbage in 60 years is piled up on the equatorial circle, it can be piled up into a huge garbage wall 5-10 meters high and 1 kilometer wide. This is equivalent to The lithosphere and hydrosphere of the entire crust are lined with a rubbish ring that has begun to encircle the world’s land and sea, polluting the global environment.”
On January 10, 2010, the 66-year-old researcher of the Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences, Zhao Zhangyuan, attended the Xiaoguwei Science Forum. The anti-waste incineration expert who has been questioned “does not understand garbage” is standing on the high ground of the global ecological crisis and dissecting the garbage.
”Garbage has gradually formed an increasingly catastrophic disaster. If it is predicted by American scientists that the Earth is in the middle of the sixth mass extinction, it must be closely related to the environmental pollution caused by human beings themselves! Human beings are also likely to be in a generation. Extinct in time!” Zhao Zhangyuan said that his judgment is not sensational.
The eighth continent in the Pacific
A clear satellite image brought more than 300 live audiences to the distant Pacific Ocean.
Starting from California, USA, through the Hawaiian Islands, extending to more than 900 kilometers of water in Japan, there are two huge “green islands”. “This is not an island, but a garbage mountain.” Zhao Zhangyuan said that it is forming the largest in the world. Landfill. Two huge garbage centers, across the North Pacific, gradually formed a “garbage continent”. With an area of about 3.43 million square kilometers, more than one-third of Europe’s, this is the notorious “Pacific Waste Large Plate”, also known as the world’s “eighth continent.”
According to estimates by the Al-galita Marine Research Center in the United States, there are about 100 million tons of plastic waste on this “garbage continent”. The surface of the sea is 30 meters deep, 80% of which is plastic garbage. According to data provided by Greenpeace, there are 3.3 million large and small garbage in the waters per square kilometer. According to the current development speed, it is estimated that its area will increase by 10 times after 10 years.
Zhao Zhangyuan said, “The average life expectancy of these plastic products is more than 500 years and it is difficult to biodegrade. After a few years, a large amount of plastic sand will appear in the polluted waters, adsorbing millions of times more toxin than normal. Fish and sea Birds ingestion can lead to malnutrition and death. According to Greenpeace, at least 267 species of marine life are severely affected by this poison. What is even more worrying is that the poison can be expanded through the food chain and transmitted to humans. ”
Rubbish tumor on land
The oceans with relatively few human activities are still the same, and the land with concentrated population is even more imaginable. The lithospheric surface of the landfill, which has been accumulating in landfills, is being trapped around the world. “Today, all towns and cities have been surrounded by rubbish, and there has been a widespread garbage crisis and a social crisis.” Zhao Zhangyuan said that his judgment is not sensational.
The world’s largest municipal waste dump New York FreshKills dumping yard has been stacked for 60 years, towering into the clouds, reaching 505 feet above sea level, half the Statue of Liberty, and millions of gallons of sewage per day. The New York City government has repeatedly received a subpoena from the federal court accusing the underground leakage of the landfill from contaminating the beaches of New Jersey.
In January 2008, a rare “garbage crisis” broke out in Naples, a city in southern Italy. The mountains of garbage were buried in nowhere, and the angry people simply set fire to the garbage.
In this fight against garbage, the local people marched for a week, and the cleaners stopped collecting garbage for two weeks. People dumped the garbage on the street, the smell of people was suffocating, and the government was forced to go out to remove garbage. The public was dissatisfied with the government’s decision on garbage disposal and had a conflict with the police. This is the social turm caused by typical garbage.
In May 2008, Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi held his first cabinet plenary meeting in Naples after he took office. After the establishment of the new government, one of the first tasks was to solve the problem of disposal of Naples garbage. For this problem, he has changed eight officials.
”In the past, the humble garbage problem has evolved into such a big political problem today. Garbage has gradually formed an increasingly serious disaster, and human beings are in danger of being buried by garbage!” said Zhao Zhangyuan.
China’s garbage burden is the most important. The
earliest people’s rights protection caused by garbage problems occurred in Chongqing. In August 2004, villagers near the Changshengqiao landfill in Chongqing blocked traffic, resulting in the inability to transport garbage. The villagers continued to block the road, and the road was quickly surrounded by 4,000 tons of garbage, accounting for half of the main road.
On October 21, 2009, a group incident against the construction of a garbage incineration plant occurred in the Pingwang section of the 318 National Road in Wujiang City, Jiangsu Province. The municipal government immediately issued a document to suspend the construction of the Wujiang municipal solid waste incineration power generation project.
”This is just one of the two fragments of the domestic garbage dilemma.” Zhao Zhangyuan said that China is the country with the heaviest burden of garbage in the world. Almost all cities and towns in the country are trapped in the garbage, forming a “garbage-surrounding city”. The situation, urban garbage will likely become a “garbage city.”
According to statistics, the annual output of 668 municipal garbage reaches 120 million tons, and the annual growth rate is 8%. China’s garbage has accounted for more than a quarter of the world’s annual garbage production. There are now 72 billion tons of garbage in the country, surrounded by large, medium and small cities and towns, covering an area of 540 million square meters, and still growing at an annual rate of about 30 million square meters.
But the ability of urban waste disposal has not kept pace with the growth of garbage. Taking Beijing as an example, there are 490 domestic garbage disposal sites, including 4 large-scale garbage sanitary landfills, 3 medium-sized garbage sanitary landfills, and 104 have been closed. The accumulated landfill volume is 31.06 million tons, with a total area of 10 square kilometers, which is close to saturation.
To the domestic garbage dilemma, there is also foreign garbage that has crossed the ocean. In the 1990s, China’s import of “foreign waste” such as Korean waste oil and US waste plastics occurred one after another. In April 1996, hundreds of cubic meters of imported “waste paper” that had been put on hold for a long time in the courtyard of Beijing Huahua Paper Products Factory in Dahuashan Town, Pinggu County, Beijing, contained nearly half of the domestic waste. Among them, there were many disposable waste syringes and waste medicine bottles. And medical waste such as waste medical gloves, stinking, can not be used, nowhere to be abandoned.
High patient group next to the dump
In recent years, most of the large-scale landfills have formed high-incidence areas, and environmental disputes have been increasing, and have now become one of the focal points of major environmental issues at home and abroad.
Zhao Zhangyuan said that the incidence of cancer-like diseases and respiratory diseases has increased significantly in a residential area near the Liulitun landfill in Beijing. In a list provided by the public, there are only 70 cases of cancer-like diseases and their deaths in the past seven years. Take the village near the Beijing Asuwei landfill as an example. The animals died and the plants were strange. The vicinity of Asuwei became a village of dead trees, stupid sheep and patients.
According to Zhao Zhangyuan, according to incomplete statistics, the number of people suffering from respiratory diseases, cerebral thrombosis, diabetes, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and deaths has increased significantly in recent years; more than half of the households have their own oxygen-absorbing devices in their homes; The proportion of people with cerebral thrombosis in middle-aged and elderly people aged 30 or over is over 60%.
Internationally, waste incineration power plants that use incineration as the main treatment method also threaten the health of nearby residents.
According to the Greenpeace Incinerator and Human Health research report, incinerators potentially harm human health, mainly in the induction of mutations, cancer, respiratory diseases, gender imbalance, congenital defects, multiple pregnancies, heart disease, skin diseases, There are 10 aspects such as urological diseases and changes in thyroid hormones.
In the UK, Spain and Japan, employees of old-fashioned and modern incineration plants have found an increase in the total toxic equivalent levels of dioxin in the body, affecting health; in Italy, urban residents close to waste incineration, cancer rates have increased significantly, lung cancer has died The rate increased by 6.7 times; from 1962 to 1992, the death rate of gastric cancer in a garbage incineration plant increased by 2.79 times. In the UK, 70 municipal incinerators and 307 hospital medical incinerators have shown that the probability of cancer death among children living nearby is doubled; in Belgium, the congenital malformations of newborns in the vicinity of two incinerators in Verreich have increased. 1.26 times.
Ecological crisis and ecological refugees
The garbage crisis is not only a problem of urban waste management, it has already threatened the ecological environment on which humans depend, and an ecological crisis sweeping the world is taking place.
Looking at Venice, the water city of northern Italy, this world-famous water capital is facing the dilemma of a gradual “death” due to a sharp drop in population. Affected by climate change, the sea level of Venice rises and the foundation sinks. The number of floodings is more than 60 times a year, and some more than 200 times. Residents worry that after 20 years, Venice will become a ghost without a resident.
”If the earth’s temperature rises by an average of 4 °C in the next 100 years, the world will be beyond recognition. This is an anticipation of the end of the human world. These fears are likely to occur in the middle of the century. According to environmental scientists, the global average temperature rises by 2 °C. The beginning of catastrophic climate change will lead to large-scale droughts and floods.” “There are currently 634 million people living in areas below 10 meters above sea level, covering more than 180 countries around the world, and will be victims of rising sea levels. Whether it is the Danube or the Rhine, these rivers will become trickles, and even parts of the Antarctic will melt.” In
reality, there are 4,077 lakes in Montgomery County in China, which have dried up in just 10 years. In half, there are 1,535 herdsmen in the county. In recent years, more than 630 households have been forced to leave their homes in the winter, and a number of herdsmen have become “ecological refugees”. The same is also encountered by coastal fishermen in China’s coastal waters.
Zhao Zhangyuan said that in the process of triggering global climate change and ecological destruction, the contribution of the garbage crisis can be described as “important.”
The sixth species extinction?
Human activities consume a lot of natural resources for a long time, and nearly a quarter of the resource consumption has become garbage and waste, scattered in the environment, polluting the environment, resulting in increased emissions of carbon dioxide, nitrogen monoxide and methane, and environmental temperature. The rise, floods and droughts, and over-exploitation of fisheries are all intensifying the ecosystems that humans depend on for survival.
Zhao Zhangyuan predicted that as the development progressed, by the middle of this century, the ecology of the earth is likely to face a collapse. Statistics show that in the past 100 years, the extinction of the Earth has accelerated at least tens of times faster than before the Industrial Revolution, and hundreds of species have been extinct every day. “Humans have developed the maximum amount of pollutants (environmental quality standards) according to the body’s tolerance. If this composition is changed or exceeds environmental standards, humans cannot adapt quickly. If they cannot adapt, they will eventually be Eliminated.” Zhao Zhangyuan worried.
Can humans be extinct in a generation?
According to paleontology, there have been five major extinctions in geological history. The largest of these was the Permian, which was extinct 77%-96%. The dinosaur extinction was the most recent, the Cretaceous period 65 million years ago, and may be related to the fall of the comet. Human beings, as one of the biological species, are also undergoing this major test of life and death. “Humans do not adapt so quickly to the deteriorating environment, at least a fairly long geological history. If it is predicted by American scientists, the sixth extinction of the Earth must be closely related to the environmental pollution caused by humans themselves! Human beings may become the highest and final stage of the development of the biological world!” Zhao Zhangyuan judged.
What has already appeared around us is that human morbidity is rising at a high rate and fertility is falling at a high rate. This has a very good correlation with the speed of environmental degradation in our industrialization over the past 100 years. The comprehensive analysis found that the reproductive diseases of the Chinese people are increasing rapidly, and the proportion of infertile couples has reached 10%-15%. In addition, many birth-stopping patients and birth defects have caused fertility to decrease rapidly. If no measures are taken, many people will not be able to have children after 50 years. According to a professor of chemistry in the United States, it is even predicted that by 2040, half of the men in the United States will have no fertility.
American biologist Colborn has predicted that in the middle of this century, men may have basically lost fertility, and humans may be extinct in a generation.
Can human beings prevent the “silence” from appearing again on the earth? The ultimate dominating of human destiny is human beings, human actions and wisdom.